Raptor!: A Kid's Guide to Birds of Prey

Overview

Young readers everywhere are fascinated by raptors - by their powerful talons (similar to dinosaurs'), their astonishing eyesight (ten times sharper than ours), and their awesome speed in flight. Raptor! Invites children into this wild world with a lively text enhanced by more than 100 full-color images by nature photographer Tom Vexo. Kids are encouraged to explore the mysteries of flight, raptor hunting strategies, and behavior - and to learn how to locate raptors in the wild. Flight silhouettes, range maps, ...
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Overview

Young readers everywhere are fascinated by raptors - by their powerful talons (similar to dinosaurs'), their astonishing eyesight (ten times sharper than ours), and their awesome speed in flight. Raptor! Invites children into this wild world with a lively text enhanced by more than 100 full-color images by nature photographer Tom Vexo. Kids are encouraged to explore the mysteries of flight, raptor hunting strategies, and behavior - and to learn how to locate raptors in the wild. Flight silhouettes, range maps, real-life stories of individual birds, and more will satisfy the most voracious raptor enthusiast.

Describes the physical characteristics, behavior, and different species of raptors.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Dedicated equestrians will want Cherry Hill's Horse Care for Kids by Cherry Hill. The comprehensive guide helps children and their parents choose the right horse and gives guidelines for safe handling and proper care. Full-color illustrations and photographs appear throughout; a glossary, index and extensive resource listings are also provided. Raptors!: A Kid's Guide to Birds of Prey by Christyna and Ren Laubach and Charles W.G. Smith guides bird watchers with information about their appearance, wingspan, call, habitat and more.
KLIATT
This guide to raptors of North America features many beautiful color photos and species profiles as well as general information on birds of prey. Chapters cover characteristics of raptors; a field guide to common raptors like the turkey vulture, osprey, and barn owl; how to observe raptors; raptor life, including mating, nesting, feeding, and defense; owls; raptor aid and rehab; and "cool raptor projects to make and do," such as dissecting an owl pellet and making a nesting box. Sidebars on topics such as how birds see, the largest raptor ever, and 10 tips for spotting raptors add to the appeal of this enthusiastic guide by a high school science teacher, the director of the Massachusetts Audubon Society's Berkshire Wildlife Sanctuaries, and a writer, respectively. A glossary and listings of selected hawk watching sites, places to see wild raptors, organizations, and Web sites round out this attractive and appealing introduction to raptors for upper elementary and middle school students. KLIATT Codes: J—Recommended for junior high school students. 2002, Storey Books, 118p. illus. maps. bibliog. index.,
— Paula Rohrlick
Children's Literature
Full of stunning photographs, charts, facts, field guides, and easy-to-create projects, this book is sure to delight students and teachers alike. The book begins with basic facts about birds, introduces the raptor families, and highlights many different varieties of birds of prey within each raptor family. Each informational page details the size, call, habitat, migration patterns, and diet of the birds; combined with beautiful, full-color photographs, this book contains a plethora of information. Humorous (and sometimes disgusting) side notes contain facts that students will love—for example, did you know that when vultures are startled, they vomit to lighten themselves up for takeoff? Interested students can also learn how to speak "Owl" in the section that focuses on owls. The book also contains information on the environment and what scientists are doing to protect raptors today. A fantastic project section includes information on finding and dissecting an owl pellet, making a raptor mobile, building a raptor nest-box (with an adult's help), and keeping a raptor-watching journal. Finally, a glossary and reference section complete the book; there are over five pages of resources where students can find more information on raptors, see live raptors, and create other raptor-related projects. Overall this book is an excellent addition to any library, teacher's classroom, or student's bookshelf. 2002, Storey Publishing,
— Christine Amyot
School Library Journal
Gr 4-8-Youngsters may readily recognize common backyard birds, but spotting and identifying hawks, falcons, owls, and other birds of prey is more difficult. This book's aim, with its abundant crisp color photos and clear writing, is to make that task easier. Much of the volume is devoted to the assorted species of raptors found in North America, and each entry features at least two color photos, a silhouette, and a written description, including "how it looks," wing span, food hunted, migration, call, habitat, health of the species, and a range map. Diagrams and illustrations highlight the unique characteristics of birds of prey, including sharp eyesight and usage of talons and beaks to capture food; methods of flying, from hovering to riding the thermals and updrafts, are equally well described. Charts, intriguing tidbits of trivia, and hands-on projects add interest and help readers understand these amazing creatures. Organizations that assist raptors, locales for observation, Web sites, and sources for additional reading and viewing round out this appealing volume. Stephen W. Kress's National Audubon Society Birder's Handbook (DK, 2000) and Jemima Parry-Jones's Eagle and Birds of Prey (Knopf, 1997) are two additional titles for fledgling bird-watchers.-Pam Spencer Holley, Young Adult Literature Specialist, Virginia Beach, VA Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information.
From the Publisher

“...a friendly, large guide to enjoying raptors in North America.” – Morning News (KidsDay section), Dallas TX

“Bold, bright colors and awe-inspiring photography make this book come alive for young readers.” – Library Media Connection, Worthington OH

“Kids any age will enjoy this book.” – Union Tribune, San Diego CA

“This large-format book provides a fine overview of North American raptors...” – Booklist

“Charts, intriguing tidbits of trivia, and hands-on projects add interest and help readers understand these amazing creatures.” – School Library Journal

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781580174459
  • Publisher: Storey Books
  • Publication date: 8/5/2002
  • Pages: 128
  • Sales rank: 697,578
  • Age range: 10 - 13 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.56 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.31 (d)

Meet the Author


Rene Laubach has served as Director of the Massachusetts Audubon Society's Berkshire Wildlife Sanctuaries since 1985. He is the co-author of Raptor! and lives in western Massachusetts.

Christyna M. Laubach is a high school science teacher in western Massachusetts. She is the co-author of Raptor!

A former horticulturalist for White Flower Farm, Charles W.G. Smith has also been an instructor of vocational agriculture. He has written about gardening and environmental issues for more than a decade. He is the author of The Beginner's Guide to Edible Herbs, The Weather-Resilient Garden, and Raptor!

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Read an Excerpt

Chapter 1 - Raptors in Focus

A raptor is a carnivorous bird that feeds chiefly on meat taken by hunting or on carrion (dead animals), using its powerful talons to kill and carry its prey. The word raptor comes from the Latin word rapere, meaning to seize and sweep away. (Other words from the same root are "rapt," "enraptured," and "rapid.")

Although raptors are often called birds of prey, many other birds also hunt prey. Flycatchers nab flying insects; robins yank out worms. Flickers prey upon ants; pelicans scoop up fish. Raptors, though, are unique among birds because of their special survival tools.

What Makes a True Raptor?

All raptors come with three features as standard equipment: powerful vision, sharp talons to grasp and kill prey, and a hooked beak to kill prey and tear it apart.

Many raptors have additional tools for catching their prey. Some, such as eagles, have great strength. Others, like owls, have very sensitive hearing, while still others, like falcons, are among the fastest flyers on the planet. Each raptor species has its own set of skills and tools that allow it to succeed where it lives.

Claws and Effects

A raptor's talons are very different from a songbird's claws. A sparrow's little claws are meant to scratch the dirt and cling to a branch. The large, powerful, curved, sharp talons of an eagle are designed to kill, to grip, and to carry heavy prey.

Unique Beaks

Each type of bird has evolved with a beak that helps it do special jobs. Osprey beaks have a hook to help them grip the fish that Ospreys eat. A Prairie Falcon has a notch in its beak, called a falcon tooth, which slips neatly between the neck bones of its prey. The bird kills its prey by breaking its neck. The Snail Kite's slender beak ends in a long hook, perfect for pulling snails out of their shells.

Tail Winds

The tails of birds are used for many things, from attracting a mate to balancing on a perch. But raptor tails are especially good for steering in flight. The tail is composed of a group of feathers arranged in a fan.

Spread wide, the tail makes a larger sail area, which helps the bird soar better. If the tail is folded the bird can glide with speed. Turning the tail feathers steers the bird left or right. Some raptors that have fairly long, strong tails, like Sharp-shinned or Cooper's Hawks, can perform amazing tricks: loop-de-loops, rolls, and steep, blindingly fast dives. Often, two birds will perform a duet in the sky.

The World's Sharpest Eyes

A raptor's eyes do just about everything better than ours do. Different species have different types of eyes, depending on whether they are active during the day (diurnal), like hawks, or at night (nocturnal), like most owls.

Day-Watching Eyes

Diurnal raptors need to see their prey clearly and in sharp detail from far away. In these birds both the cornea and the lens bulge more than in the eyes of other birds. This bulge allows them to focus better and to see more sharply.

The cornea and lens focus the image onto the retina at the back of the eye. The retina contains light-sensitive cells called cones. The more cones on the retina, the clearer the image appears. Diurnal raptors have huge numbers of cones, which produces color and clarity - much sharper than those of a human eye. In fact, a hawk's eyes are ten times more powerful than a human's.

Night-Watching Eyes

Nocturnal raptors (owls) need to see clearly in very dim light. Their eyes are tube-shaped and very large, to pull in as much light as possible. While the eyes of diurnal raptors have lots of cones, owls' eyes have lots of cells called rods. Rods allow nocturnal raptors to see well in very low light. In what we see as darkness, owls can see perfectly, but they are color-blind.

A Bird's Eye View

Most birds' eyes are set on the sides of their heads so that they can see more of their surroundings. This is called monocular vision, and it gives the bird a better ability to sense motion, such as the movement of a predator creeping up on it. Predators such as raptors, on the other hand, have their eyes set close together, on the front of their heads. The resulting binocular vision allows both eyes to focus on an object at the same time, creating depth perception, the ability to see in three dimensions (3-D). Depth perception lets the raptor see exactly where the prey is. When the raptor attacks, the talons hit their mark.

Flight

Raptors can fly in four ways: gliding, flapping, soaring, and hovering. Other birds can fly in one, two, or even three of these ways, but many raptors are experts in all four.

Gliding

This simplest form of flight was probably used by the earliest birds millions of years ago. A bird in a glide looks like an airplane coming in for a landing. The wings are tucked in slightly for speed, and the tail is closed, giving the bird a more streamlined shape, which helps it go faster. Raptors glide as they "stoop," or swoop down on prey. This gives them great body control to help them aim their talons accurately.

Flapping

When a bird flaps its wings in flight, the wings provide two different things at the same time: lift to keep the bird up and forward motion to keep it going.

Hovering

You may have seen a raptor hanging in one spot, its wings outstretched and motionless, like a kite in a breeze. Not surprisingly, this is called kiting, and the experts at it are called kites. Other raptors that kite include Red-tailed Hawks, Ferruginous Hawks, and Rough-legged Hawks.

In the other form of hovering, the bird's body is nearly vertical, suspended in the air, while its wings beat rapidly. Hummingbirds are the obvious champs here, but American Kestrels can often be seen hovering in this way over a clearing before dropping onto the prey below.

Soaring

Soaring means the bird is rising without flapping. To soar, a bird spreads its wings wide and fans its tail, creating a larger surface, or sail area, to catch the rising air or wind. True soaring uses about 1/20 the energy of flapping flight.

Raptors use rising columns of warm, upward-moving air, called thermals, and winds that bounce upward off mountain ridges, called updrafts (see page 8), to carry them skyward and forward.

Back to the Dinosaurs

Many scientists believe that the birds of today evolved from dinosaurs that lived millions of years ago.

What kind of dinosaurs produced today's birds? No one is really sure. Scientists look for similarities between certain dinosaur fossils and today's birds. A group of dinosaurs called coelurosaurs, including the aggressive Velociraptor, has amazing similarities to modern birds and may be their long-sought ancestors. There is even evidence that some coelurosaurs had feathers, which makes the link between them and raptors even more likely.

Who's for Lunch?

Most animals, whether they are mice, songbirds, or grasshoppers, spend their lives always on alert for danger. That's how life is for most creatures. Their goal is to stay alive long enough to make sure their offspring - and therefore their species - will survive.

Balancing Act

Every habitat, or living area of a certain species, has a limit on the number of animals of each species it can support. A habitat always has more animals of a prey species than it has predators. This makes sense - if there were more predators than prey, there would soon be nothing for predators to eat. Prey species stay healthy because predators usually remove animals that are slow, weak, or not very alert, leaving the strongest to breed and continue the species.

One example of nature's balancing act is the relationship between Snowy Owls and their main prey, lemmings. Snowy Owls live on the Arctic tundra. Lemmings are small, furry rodents that also live on the tundra and multiply very fast. As the number of lemmings increases, their food supply (plants) decreases because of all the hungry mouths. Meanwhile the number of Snowy Owls also increases because there is so much food around - the lemmings.

The lemmings increase in numbers for about four years, until there are lemmings everywhere and food for them nowhere. Soon enormous numbers of lemmings begin to die from starvation. As the lemmings die there is less food for the Snowy Owls, and some of them begin to die as well - but not all of them. Instead of starving in the Arctic, many Snowy Owls "pack their bags" and head south to find other rodents. So every four years or so the continental United States receives lots of Snowy Owl visitors from up north. Usually they stay in the northern states from New England to the Pacific Northwest, but they have been seen as far south as Texas.

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Table of Contents


Imagine!

One - Raptors in Focus

Two - Close-up & Personal

Three - Watching the Watchers

Four - Life Among Raptors

Five - The Night Shift

Six - Raptor Aid

Seven - Projects

Glossary Resources Index

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 16, 2006

    Excellent book for kids.

    This book is not only interesting, but very helpful for kids wanting to learn about birds of prey, how to study them, where to find them, how to attract them to your own backyard, and chock full of facts, how to identify the different types, etc. We kept this book overdue from the library at least 3 times before we decided to just buy it!

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