The Rational Unified Process: An Introduction / Edition 1

The Rational Unified Process: An Introduction / Edition 1

by Philippe Kruchten
     
 

The Rational Unified Process is a software engineering process developed and marketed by Rational Software. It is a disciplined approach to assigning and managing tasks and responsibilities in a development organization. The goal of this process is to produce, within a predictable schedule and budget, high-quality software that meets the needs of its end users.

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Overview

The Rational Unified Process is a software engineering process developed and marketed by Rational Software. It is a disciplined approach to assigning and managing tasks and responsibilities in a development organization. The goal of this process is to produce, within a predictable schedule and budget, high-quality software that meets the needs of its end users.

The Rational Unified Process captures many of the best practices in modern software development and presents them in a tailorable form that is suitable for a wide range of projects and organizations. The Rational Unified Process delivers these best practices to the project team online in a detailed, practical form.

This book provides an introduction to the concepts, structure, contents, and motivation of the Rational Unified Process.

Goals of This Book

In this book, you will learn what the Rational Unified Process is and what it is not; master the vocabulary of the Rational Unified Process and understand its structure; develop an appreciation for the best practices that we have synthesized in this process; and understand how the Rational Unified Process can give you the guidance you need for your specific responsibility in a project.

This book is an integral part of the Rational Unified Process, but it is not the complete Rational Unified Process. Rather, it is a small subset. In the full Rational Unified Process you will find the detailed guidance needed to carry out your work. The full Rational Unified Process product--the online knowledge base--can be obtained from Rational Software.

This book makes numerous references to the Unified Modeling Language (UML), but it is not an introduction to the UML.That is the focus of two other books: The Unified Modeling Language User Guide and The Unified Modeling Language Reference Manual.

This introductory book speaks about modeling and object-oriented techniques, but it is not a design method, and it does not teach you how to model. Detailed steps and guidance on the various techniques that are embedded in the Rational Unified Process can be found only in the process product.

Several chapters of this book discuss project management issues. They describe aspects of planning an iterative development, managing risks, and so on. This book, however, is by no means a complete manual on project management and software economics. For more information, we refer you to the book Software Project Management: A Unified Framework.

The Rational Unified Process is a specific and detailed instance of a more generic process described in the textbook The Unified Software Development Process.

Who Should Read This Book?

The Rational Unified Process, An Introduction, Second Edition is written for a wide range of people involved in software development: project managers, developers, quality engineers, process engineers, method specialists, system engineers, and analysts.

This book is relevant especially to members of an organization that has adopted the Rational Unified Process or is about to adopt it. It is likely that an organization will tailor the Rational Unified Process to suit its needs, but the core process described in this book should remain the common denominator across all instances of the Rational Unified Process.

This book will be a useful companion to students taking one of the many professional education courses delivered by Rational Software and its partners in industry and academia. It provides a general context for the specific topics covered by the course.

This book assumes that you have a basic understanding of software development. It does not require specific knowledge of a programming language, of an object-oriented method, or of the Unified Modeling Language.

How to Use This Book

Software professionals who are working in an organization that has adopted the Rational Unified Process, in whole or part, should read the book linearly. The chapters have been organized in a natural progression.

Project managers can limit their reading to Chapters 1, 2, 4, and 7, which provide an introduction to the implications of an iterative, risk-driven development process.

Process engineers or methodologists may have to tailor and install the Rational Unified Process in their organizations. They should carefully study Chapters 3 and 17, which describe the process structure and the overall approach to implementing the Rational Unified Process.

Organization and Special Features

The book has two parts: Part I describes the process, its context, its history, its structure, and its software development lifecycle. It describes some of the key features that differentiate the Rational Unified Process from other software development processes:

Chapter 1: Software Development Best Practices
Chapter 2: The Rational Unified Process
Chapter 3: Static Structure: Process Description
Chapter 4: Dynamic Structure: Iterative Development
Chapter 5: An Architecture-centric Process
Chapter 6: A Use-Case-Driven Process

Part II gives an overview of the various process components, or workflows. There is one chapter for each core process workflow.

Chapter 7: The Project Management Workflow
Chapter 8: The Business Modeling Workflow
Chapter 9: The Requirements Workflow
Chapter 10: The Analysis and Design Workflow
Chapter 11: The Implementation Workflow
Chapter 12: The Test Workflow
Chapter 13: The Configuration and Change Management Workflow
Chapter 14: The Environment Workflow
Chapter 15: The Deployment Workflow
Chapter 16: Typical Iteration Plans
Chapter 17: Configuring and Implementing the Rational Unified Process

Most workflow chapters are organized into six sections:

  • Purpose of the workflow
  • Definitions and key concepts
  • Workers and artifacts
  • A typical workflow: an overview of the activities
  • Tool support
  • Summary

Two appendixes summarize all the workers (the roles of the process) and artifacts (the work products of the process) that are introduced in Chapters 7 through 15. A list of acronyms and glossary of common terms are provided, as is a short annotated bibliography.

For More Information

Information about the Rational Unified Process, such as a data sheet and a downloadable demo version, can be obtained from Rational Software via the Internet at www.rational.com/rup_info/.

If you are already using the Rational Unified Process, additional information is available from the Rational Unified Process Resource Center, which has extra goodies, updates, and links to partners. The hyperlink to the Resource Center is in the online version.

Academic institutions can contact Rational Software for information on a special program for including the Rational Unified Process in the curriculum.

Second Edition

This second edition of The Rational Unified Process: An Introduction makes the book current with the Rational Unified Process 2000. With this latest release, the Rational Unified Process has improved in both breadth and depth. In breadth, new content has been added to cover business engineering, management of nonfunctional requirements, and development and deployment of multitier distributed applications. Existing content has been refined as well, including improved coverage of application interface design (especially applied to developing effective Web applications) and designing systems using patterns and frameworks. Coverage for developing real-time and reactive systems has also been added. Testing has been expanded to cover the entire lifecycle, from validation of architectural prototypes to verification of the delivered product. Finally, process roadmaps have been added that provide overviews of how to apply the process to different kinds of projects and technologies. In addition, content depth has been added, including expanded checklists and guidelines for process artifacts, activities, and phases.'

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780201604597
Publisher:
Addison-Wesley
Publication date:
11/01/1998
Series:
Object Technology Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
255
Product dimensions:
7.04(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.58(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Pt. IThe Process1
1Software Development Best Practices3
2The Rational Unified Process17
3Static Structure: Process Description35
4Dynamic Structure: Iterative Development53
5An Architecture-Centric Process81
6A Use-Case-Driven Process97
Pt. IIProcess Disciplines111
7The Project Management Discipline113
8The Business Modeling Discipline141
9The Requirements Discipline157
10The Analysis and Design Discipline173
11The Implementation Discipline187
12The Test Discipline197
13The Configuration and Change Management Discipline215
14The Environment Discipline229
15The Deployment Discipline237
16Typical Iteration Plans247
17Implementing the Rational Unified Process259
App. ASummary of Roles273
App. BSummary of Artifacts277
App. C: Acronyms281
Glossary283
Bibliography291
Index299

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