The Ray and Wave Theory of Lenses

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $125.95
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 33%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (6) from $125.95   
  • New (4) from $125.95   
  • Used (2) from $141.87   


This book describes techniques used to predict the quality of images formed by optical systems, such as telescopes, camera lenses, and microscope objectives. It covers in detail how the ray and wave pictures of lens behavior can be combined and developed to produce a theory capable of dealing with the large angles encountered in real optical systems. Several applications are considered, including the propagation of a Gaussian beam along a skew ray, a clear and convincing demonstration that diffractive optical elements are subject to the same fundamental limitation as conventional lenses, a thorough discussion of the "cosine-to-the-fourth law," and a detailed example of mock ray tracing. Containing many practical insights, as well as exercises and solutions, this book will be of great interest to graduate students taking courses in this field, and to anyone working in optical design and engineering.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...valuable and delightful...set forth in a clear, elegant, logical style that leads us from first principles to many profound conclusions...abounds in useful results and fundamental theorems...should be of most interest to lens designers and graduate students in a course in geometrical optics." David Shafer, Optics & Photonics News

" impressive book and an important addition to the literature of geometrical optics. I believe it should be of great interest to any serious student or practicioner of optical design and engineering." John S. Loomis, Optical Engineering

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521451444
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 2/2/1995
  • Series: Cambridge Studies in Modern Optics Series, #15
  • Pages: 399
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface; Part I. Preview: 1. Some consequences of the wave equation; Part II. Geometrical Optics: 2. Fermat's principle; 3. Path differentials; 4. The structure of image forming pencils; 5. Eikonal transformations; 6. Perfect images; 7. Aberrations; 8. Radiometry; Part III. Paraxial Optics: 9. The small angle approximation; 10. Paraxial calculations; 11. Stops and pupils; 12. Chromatic aberrations; Part IV. Waves in Homogeneous Media: 13. Waves; 14. Wave propagation I: exact results; 15. Wave propagation II: approximations; 16. The stationary phase approximation; Part V. Wave Propagation Through Lenses: 17. Toward a wave theory of lenses; 18. General propagation kernels; 19. Paraxial wave propagation; 20. The wave theory of image formation; 21. Fourier optics; Part VI. Aberrations: 22. Perfect systems; 23. The vicinity of an arbitrary ray; 24. Third order aberrations; 25. The small field approximation; 26. Ray tracing; 27. Aberrations and the wave theory; Part VII. Applications: 28. Gaussian beams; 29. Concentric systems; 30. Thin lenses; 31. Mock ray tracing; 32. Diffractive optical elements; Appendices; Bibliography; Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)