Re-Thinking Reason: New Perspectives in Critical Thinking

Re-Thinking Reason: New Perspectives in Critical Thinking

by Kerry Walters
     
 

ISBN-10: 0791420965

ISBN-13: 9780791420966

Pub. Date: 09/01/1994

Publisher: State University of New York Press

For two decades, colleges and universities have regularly offered, and in some cases required, courses in thinking skills. Such courses generally have focused on training students in the basics of informal and formal logic, the assumption being that good thinking is logical thinking, and that instruction in critical or “good” thinking consequently

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Overview

For two decades, colleges and universities have regularly offered, and in some cases required, courses in thinking skills. Such courses generally have focused on training students in the basics of informal and formal logic, the assumption being that good thinking is logical thinking, and that instruction in critical or “good” thinking consequently should emphasize logical procedures. This “logistic” assumption is clearly reflected in both critical thinking textbooks as well as in the professional literature.

Recently, however, the epistemic and pedagogical identification of critical thinking and logical thinking has been questioned by educators from a wide diversity of disciplines. Many of these critics argue that a richer, more comprehensive model of thinking itself is needed, one that acknowledges the importance of traditionally downplayed faculties such as empathy, imagination, and insight. Others contend that thinking skills theory and pedagogy must take into consideration the contextual and sometimes political influences upon not just content but also styles of thinking. finally still other critics of the conventional model of critical thinking argue that recent research in feminist studies sheds a great deal of light upon the directions in which critical thinking instruction should go.

The fourteen essays in this anthology all illustrate this new way of thinking about critical thinking. Each of them is critical of the received model, and each of them argues for one that goes beyond the conventional reduction of thinking skills to logical expertise. But each approaches the issue from a different angle, thereby providing the reader with a diversity of perspectives and accents.

Re-Thinking Reason is an invaluable resource tool, research guide, and supplemental textbook, for educators across the disciplines who are concerned with incorporating thinking skills instruction in their classes.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791420966
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
09/01/1994
Series:
SUNY Series in Teacher Empowerment and School Reform
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
284
Sales rank:
1,282,059
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.64(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword: Critical Thinking as a Political Project
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Beyond Logicism in Critical Thinking1
1Teaching Two Kinds of Thinking by Teaching Writing25
2On Critical Thinking and Connected Knowing33
3Educating for Empathy, Reason, and Imagination43
4Critical Thinking, Rationality, and the Vulcanization of Students61
5Toward a Gender-Sensitive Ideal of Critical Thinking: A Feminist Poetic81
6Critical Thinking and the "Trivial Pursuit" Theory of Knowledge101
7Why Two Heads Are Better Than One: Philosophical and Pedagogical Implications of a Social View of Critical Thinking119
8Community and Neutrality in Critical Thought: A Nonobjectivist View on the Conduct and Teaching of Critical Thinking135
9Critical Thinking and Feminism155
10Teaching Critical Thinking in the Strong Sense: A Focus on Self-Deception, World Views, and a Dialectical Mode of Analysis181
11Toward a Pedagogy of Critical Thinking199
12Teaching Intellectual Autonomy: The Failure of the Critical Thinking Movement205
13Critical Thinking Beyond Reasoning: Restoring Virtue to Thought221
14Is Critical Thinking a Technique, or a Means of Enlightenment?233
Contributors257
Index263

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