Reading for Results / Edition 12

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Fresh and innovative, READING FOR RESULTS 12th EDITION has been heavily revised to reflect the latest research and align even more closely with the Common Core Standards. A new, research-based approach to identifying main ideas shows students how skilled readers use key-word repetition and reference to decide where and how to focus their attention. A host of new textbook selections combined with think-aloud instructions guide students through reading and understanding the discipline-specific patterns that organize textbook writing. Instructors also now enjoy more instructional flexibility than ever before with a new 12-chapter sequence. If it seems appropriate, students can develop their skills solely in paragraphs, moving on to longer selections when they're ready. But if they are up to the challenge, they can move seamlessly back and forth between shorter and longer selections. Up-to-date in both content and research, READING FOR RESULTS 12e retains its step-by-step sequence, clear explanations and lively readings while taking into account the reading theory developed by cognitive scientist Walter Kintsch, who stresses that reading is less about the sentences on the page and more about what the reader brings to and takes away from that page. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"I really like the greater emphasis on textbook readings. After all, the ultimate purpose of any college reading class ought to be the development of successful college readers. The greater emphasis on textbook readings should increase the relevance for my students while providing guided practice. I think that the selected readings should be interesting enough to hold students' interest."

"I do emphasize what readers and writers do, so including this (From Reader to Writer) is quite appropriate. Students need to see that the process of reading and writing are two sides of the same coin."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781133589969
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/1/2013
  • Edition description: Student
  • Edition number: 12
  • Pages: 784
  • Sales rank: 278,344
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

After receiving her B.S. at Southern Connecticut State University, where she was certified as a teacher of secondary reading, Laraine Flemming went on to earn an M.A. in English literature at Boston College and a Ph.D. in American literature at the State University of New York in Buffalo. During her career, Flemming has taught students from elementary to graduate school covering subjects as varied as reading and writing, American literature, time management, speed reading, and study skills. She began writing textbooks while working as director of the Reading and Writing Center at Dean Junior College in Franklin, Massachusetts. In need of a reading textbook that had lots of exercises combined with genuinely thought-provoking readings and clear, comprehensive explanations, Flemming decided to write her own. You can contact Laraine Flemming by emailing her at or by visiting her website at

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Table of Contents

Preface. 1. STRATEGIES FOR LEARNING FROM TEXTBOOKS. Introducing SQ3R: Survey, Question, Read, Recall, Review. S: Survey to Get a General Overview and Make Predictions. Seven Basic Steps in a Survey. Four Goals of a Survey. Ten Questions to Consider During Your Survey. The Importance of Reading Flexibility. Q: Ask and Answer Questions While Reading. Use Opening Lists. Turn Headings into Questions. Form Questions Based on Key Terms. Use Whatever's Available as the Basis for Questions. R-1: Read in Sections or Chunks. For Really Difficult Textbook Assignments, Consider the 10/5 Approach. Vary Your Assignments to Stay Sharp. Write While You Read. E-Books are No Exception. Writing and the Brain. Personal Experience Counts. Match Your Reading Rate to the Material. R-2: Recall Right After Reading. Mentally Recite. Write Out the Answers to Your Questions. Make an Informal Outline. Draw Rough Diagrams and Pictures. Work with a Friend. R-3: Review Right After Completing the Assignment. The Goal of the First Review: See the Big Picture. Pick a Review Method That Suits You and Your Assignment. Work with a Classmate. Whittling Recall Cues Down to Size. Writing While Reading. Putting the Spotlight on Paraphrasing. Pointers on Paraphrasing for Reading. Mining the Web for Background Knowledge. The Web Makes a Difference. Build Background Knowledge Before Reading. Timing Can Make a Big Difference. Be a Savvy Searcher. Step 2 in Evaluating Web Sites. Don't Ignore YouTube. Digging Deeper: Cognitive Learning. 2. BUILDING WORD POWER. Making the Meanings Automatic. Active Reviews and Memory Pegs. Using Context Clues. Developing Approximate Definitions. Example Clues. Contrast Clues. Restatement Clues. General Knowledge Clues. Context and Meaning. Defining Words From Their Parts. Learning Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes. Combine Forces: Use Context Clues and Word Parts. Learn Word History to Expand Your Knowledge. Connotations and Denotations of Words. Connotation and Context. Changing the Connotation with the Context. Turning to the Dictionary. Getting Down the Basics: Syllable Count, Pronunciation Guide and Parts of Speech. Sorting Through Multiple Meanings. Figurative and Literal Word Meanings. A Personal Note on Web-Based Dictionaries. Digging Deeper: Words on Words. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Using Context Clues. Test 3: Using Context Clues. Test 4: Using Context Clues. Test 5: Word Analysis and Context Clues. Test 6: Word Analysis and Context Clues. Test 7: Word Analysis and Context Clues. 3. GENERAL AND SPECIFIC SENTENCES WORK TOGETHER TO ENSURE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN READER AND WRITER. Understanding the Difference Between General and Specific Sentences. Vocabulary Round Up 1. Recognizing Different Levels of General and Specific Sentences. Connecting General and Specific Sentences: Three Common Patterns. Explanatory Pattern 1: Starting Off with the Topic Sentence. Explanatory Pattern 2: Introductory Sentences Set the Stage for the Topic Sentence. Explanatory Pattern 3: Ending with the Topic Sentence. Vocabulary Round Up 2. Digging Deeper: Defining Culture. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Distinguishing Between General and Specific Sentences. Test 3: Recognizing the Most General Sentence. Test 4: Clarifying General Sentences. Test 5: Locating Topic Sentences. Test 6: Reviewing Chapter 3 Vocabulary. 4. GETTING TO THE POINT OF PARAGRAPHS. More on Typical Ways Author Introduce Topic Sentences. When Introductory Sentences Multiply. Doubling Up on Topic Sentences. Reversal Transitions are Clues to Topic Sentences. Introductory Questions can Replace Introductory Sentences. Working with the Writer to Construct the Topic and Main Idea. From Topic to Main Idea Via Repetition and Reference. Vocabulary Round Up. Digging Deeper: Making It in America: The Challenge of Acculturative Stress. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Identifying Topics and Main Ideas. Test 3: Constructing Main Ideas and Recognizing Topic Sentences. Test 4: Reviewing Chapter 4. Vocabulary. 5. GETTING TO THE POINT OF LONGER READINGS. Pattern 1: Opening with the Main Idea. Pattern 2: Ending with the Main Idea. Vocabulary Round Up 1. Pattern 3: Using Reversal Transitions to Introduce Thesis Statements. Pattern 4: Answering a Question with the Thesis Statement. Vocabulary Round Up 2. Digging Deeper: Jury Dodgers Beware!. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Recognizing Thesis Statements. Test 3: Recognizing and Paraphrasing Thesis Statements. Test 4: Recognizing and Paraphrasing Thesis Statements. Test 5: Recognizing and Paraphrasing Thesis Statements. Test 6: Reviewing Chapter 5 Vocabulary. 6. FOCUSING ON SUPPORTING DETAILS IN PARAGRAPHS. The Function of Supporting Details. Supporting Details and Main Ideas. Thinking About Major and Minor Supporting Details. Evaluating the Contribution of Minor Details. Major Details and Category Words in Topic Sentences. Addition Transitions Can Also Be Clues to Major Details. Why the Last Supporting Detail Sometimes Goes off Track. Concluding Sentences in Paragraphs Play Multiple Roles. Vocabulary Round Up. Digging Deeper: Debating Private Prisons. Test 1: Check Your Understanding. Test 2: Recognizing Supporting Details. Test 3: Identifying Topic Sentences and Supporting Details. Test 4: Distinguishing Between Major and Minor Details. Test 5: Using Category Words as Clues to Major Details. Test 6: Recognizing Supporting Details and Concluding Sentences. Test 7: Reviewing Chapter 6 Vocabulary. 7. FOCUSING ON SUPPORTING DETAILS IN LONGER READINGS. How to Respond to Supporting Details in Longer Readings. Thesis Statements Affect the Location of Supporting Details. Major and Minor Details Revisited. Analyzing Supporting Details Paragraph by Paragraph. Outlining (Informally) Multi-Paragraph Readings. Making an Informal Outline. Guidelines for Informal Outlining. Vocabulary Round Up. Digging Deeper: Is Risk Taking in Our Genes. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Recognizing Thesis Statements and Supporting Details in Longer Readings. Test 3: Recognizing Thesis Statements and Supporting Details in Longer Readings. Test 4: Reviewing Chapter 7 Vocabulary. 8. FOCUSING ON INFERENCES IN PARAGRAPHS. How Inferences Work. When Inferences Go Astray and Become Illogical. Connecting Topic. Sentence Pronouns to Their Antecedents. Piecing Together Main Idea Statements. Inferring the Main Idea from Start to Finish. When Should You Think about Inferring the Main Idea?. Vocabulary Round Up 1. Questions for Evaluating Implied Main Ideas. Reviewing Logical and Illogical Inferences . Vocabulary Round Up 2. Vocabulary Round Up 3. Inferring Supporting Details. Inferring the Meanings Appropriate to the Context. Inferring Relationships and Adding Information. Digging Deeper: Jackie Robinson: Standing on the Shoulders of Giants. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Linking Pronouns to Antecedents in Topic Sentences. Test 3: Constructing Topic Sentences. Test 4: Recognizing the Implied Main Idea. Test 5: Recognizing the Implied Main Idea. Test 6: Inferring the Main Idea. Test 7: Inferring the Implied Main Idea. Test 8: Reviewing Chapter 8 Vocabulary. 9. UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF INFERENCES IN LONGER READINGS. Inferring the Controlling Main Idea. Drawing the Logical Inference. Checking Your Inference Against the Author's Words. Comparison and Contrast, Then and Now, Question and Answer Patterns. Vocabulary Round Up 1. Inferring Connections Between Paragraphs. Writing Summaries. Summarizing: Paraphrasing with a Difference. Summarizing Longer Readings. Let Purpose and Audience Determine the Details. Vocabulary Round Up 2. Digging Deeper: The Legal Rights for Animals. Test 1: Reviewing the Key Concepts. Test 2: Recognizing the Implied Main Idea. Test 3: Inferring the Implied Main Idea. Test 4: Inferring Connections Between Sentences and Paragraphs. Test 5: Writing a Summary. Test 6: Reviewing Chapter 9 Vocabulary. Test 7: Reviewing Chapter 9 Vocabulary. 10. LEARNING FROM ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS IN PARAGRAPHS. It's the Thought That Counts. Pattern 1:Definition. Typical Topic Sentences. Taking Notes on Definition Patterns. Pattern 2: Time Order. Process. Transitional Signals. Transitions That Describe a Process. Typical Topic Sentences. Telltale Visual Aids. Taking Notes on Process Patterns. Vocabulary Round Up 1. Pattern 3: Simple Listing. Typical Topic Sentences. Transitional Signals. Taking Notes on Simple Listing Patterns. Pattern 4: Comparison and Contrast. Transitional Signals. Transitions That Signal Similarity. Transitions That Signal Difference. Typical Topic Sentences. Taking Notes on Comparison and Contrast Patterns Linking Pattern to Purpose. Pattern 5: Cause and Effect. Transitional Signals. Cause and Effect Transitions. Cause and Effect Verbs. Verbs Frequently Used to Link Cause and Effect. Typical Topic Sentences. Taking Notes on Cause and Effect Patterns. Pattern 6: Classification. Typical Topic Sentences. Frequently Used Words in Classification Topic Sentences. Telltale Visual Aids. Taking Notes on Classification Patterns. Identifying the Primary Pattern. Vocabulary Round Up 2. Digging Deeper: Hormones and Behavior. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Recognizing Primary Patterns. Test 3: Recognizing Primary Patterns. Test 4: Recognizing Primary Patterns. Test 5: Reviewing Chapter 10 Vocabulary. 11. COMBINING PATTERNS IN PARAGRAPHS AND LONGER READINGS. Combining Patterns in Readings. Taking Notes on Mixed Patterns. Not All Patterns are Equal. Pattern Details Aren't All Equal Either. From Pure to Mixed Patterns in Longer Readings. When Patterns Combine in Longer Readings. Evaluating the Patterns. Inferring the Main Idea. Sifting and Sorting Pattern Elements. Vocabulary Round Up. Digging Deeper: The Development of a Self in Childhood. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Identifying Main Ideas and Patterns of Organization. Test 3: Identifying Main Ideas and Patterns of Organization. Test 4: Reviewing Chapter 11 Vocabulary. 12. RESPONDING TO PERSUASIVE WRITING. Recognizing the Primary Purpose. Facts and Opinions are Clues to Purpose. Facts. Opinions. Combining Opinions with Facts. When Persuasion is Primary. The Author Takes a Stand. The Title Frequently Takes Sides. Giving Readers an Argument. Conveying a Tone. In Persuasive Writing, the Two Sides Aren't Always Equal. Ten Signs of Informative Writing. Ten Signs of Persuasive Writing. Sound Arguments Need Sound Reasoning. Recognizing Shaky Support. Hasty Generalizations. Irrelevant Evidence. Circular Reasoning. Offering False Alternatives. Making Careless Comparisons. Vocabulary Round Up. Digging Deeper: Critical Thinking and Pseudo-Psychologies Palms, Planets, and Personality. Test 1: Reviewing Key Concepts. Test 2: Identifying Fact, Opinion, or Both. Test 3: Identifying tone. Test 4: Getting to the Point of an Argument. Test 5: Identifying the Author's Point, Purpose, and Tone. Test 6: Locating Errors in Logic. Test 7: Reviewing Chapter 12 Vocabulary. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER. Reading 1: Communication and Identity. Reading 2: Is Neutralization Necessary?. Reading 3: I Was a Member of the Kung Fu Crew. Reading 4: Memory, Perceptions, and Eye Witness Testimony. Reading 5: Why People Believe Misinformation, Even After It's Corrected. Reading 6: Forget What You Know About Study Skills. Reading 7: The Rise of Group Think. Reading 8: Whaddya Have to Do to Get a Kidney Around Here. Reading 9: The Altruistic Personality. Reading 10: Female Soldiers Fight the Brass Ceiling. Appendix. Index.

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