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The anthology is a collection of readings from a wide range of philosophical and cultural perspectives. Interesting and reader-friendly selections were purposely selected so as to be accessible to a wide range of students. While designed to accompany Mitchell's ROOTS OF WISDOM, it can also be used with any other introductory text.
Beginning with familiar points in the Western tradition, this book samples the works of great thinkers from Central and South America, ancient China and Japan, the Arab and Jewish world of the Middle Ages, and modern Africa, as well as the wisdom of indigenous peoples. Organized topically, the readings move from metaphysics and epistemology to axiology. Each chapter begins by defining the basic questions to be addressed and then progresses from Western ideas to Buddhist, Taoist, and African thought. Feminist philosophers are represented as well. Mitchell teaches at Howard Community College. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Preface. Student Introduction. PART I: METAPHYSICS. 1. Why Philosophy? Plato, Book VIII of the Republic. Aristophanes, Clouds. Innocent Onyewuenyi, Is There an African Philosophy? Rigoberta Menchu, I Rigoberta Menchu: An Indian Woman in Guatemala. The Tao Te Ching, Chapters 1, 17, 22, 34, 48, and 79. 2. Reality and Being. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan. Edwin Abbot, Flatland. Lancinay Keita, The African Philosophical Tradition. Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland. Buddhist Scriptures, Lives of the Buddha. 3. Human Nature. Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism as a Humanism. The Bible, Chapters 1 and 2 of Genesis. Elizabeth V. Spelman, Aristotle and the Politicization of the Soul. Ifeanyi A. Menkiti, Person and Community in Traditional African Thought. James P. Hogan, Code of the Life Maker. 4. Philosophy and God. Augustine of Hippo, The City of God. Benjamin Ewuku Oguah, African and Western Philosophy: A Comparative Study. al-Ghazali, The Incoherence of the Philosophers. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Herland. Herman Hesse, Siddhartha. PART II: EPISTEMOLOGY. 5. Knowledge and the Mind. Rene Descartes, Discourse on Method. Alison M. Jaggar, Love and Knowledge: Emotion in Feminist Epistemology. Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, La Respuesta (The Response). Moses Maimonides, The Guide of the Perplexed. Shunryu Suzuki, Beyond Consciousness. 6. The Search for Truth. David Hume, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Robert Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. N. Scott Momaday, The Man Made of Words. S.A. Mwanahewa, African Logical Heritage and Contemporary Life. Hildegard of Bingen, Letters to Bernard of Clairvaux and the Mainz Prelates. 7. Aesthetic Experience. Plato, Book X of The Republic. Aristotle, Poetics [6,8,9,14]. Eugen Herrigel, Zen and the Art of Archery. Chinua Achebe, Arrow of God. Susanne K. Langer, The Cultural Importance of Art. PART III: AXIOLOGY. 8. Political Philosophy. John Locke, Treatise of Civil Government. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments, Seneca Falls. Bart Kosko, The Fuzzy Social Contract. Malcolm X, The Speeches of Malcolm X at Harvard. Nicholas D. Kristof, The End of the Golden Road. 9. Social Philosophy. John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism. Ignacio Ellacuria, S.J., Human Rights in a Divided Society. Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Audre Lorde, Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining the Difference. Orson Scott Card, Ender's Game. 10. Ethics. Immanual Kant, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Ethics. Gloria Anzaldua, Borderlands/La Frontera. Rita Manning, Speaking from the Heart. Kwasi Wiredu, The Moral Foundations of an African Culture. Benjamin Hoff, The Te of Piglet.