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Readings in the Philosophy of Religion / Edition 2
     

Readings in the Philosophy of Religion / Edition 2

by Kelly James Clark
 

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ISBN-10: 1551118033

ISBN-13: 9781551118031

Pub. Date: 02/14/2008

Publisher: Broadview Press

Like the first edition, the second edition of Readings in the Philosophy of Religion covers topics in a point-counterpoint manner, specifically designed to foster deep reflection. Unique to this collection is the section on the divine attributes. The book’s focus is on issues of fundamental human concern—God’s suffering, hell, prayer,

Overview

Like the first edition, the second edition of Readings in the Philosophy of Religion covers topics in a point-counterpoint manner, specifically designed to foster deep reflection. Unique to this collection is the section on the divine attributes. The book’s focus is on issues of fundamental human concern—God’s suffering, hell, prayer, feminist theology, and religious pluralism. All of these are shown, in a lengthy introduction, to relate to the standard issues in philosophical theology—omnipotence, omniscience, immutability, goodness, and eternity.

For this second edition, each major section ends with an extended reflection by a philosopher who shows how to think through the issues raised in the preceding essays. Also included are a new section on the ontological argument with classical discussions by Anselm and Gaunilo, along with a new essay by Laura Garcia; a new section on religious language; new essays on the free will defense, theodicies, and feminist theology; and a new version of the cosmological argument that does not rely on the principle of sufficient reason.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781551118031
Publisher:
Broadview Press
Publication date:
02/14/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
528
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction

Part One
ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
Introduction: Arguments for the Existence of God

Chapter 1:The Ontological Argument
St. Anselm and Gaunilo, “The Ontological Argument”
Laura Garcia, “Ontological Arguments for God’s Existence”

Chapter 2:The Cosmological Argument
Thomas Aquinas, “The Five Ways”
Gottfried Willhelm Leibniz, “On the Ultimate Origination of Things”
J.L. Mackie, “Cosmological Arguments”
William Lane Craig, “The Kalaam Version of the Cosmological Argument”
Andrew Cortens, “The Cosmological Argument and the Principle of Necessary Reason”

Chapter 3:The Argument from Design
William Paley, “The Watch and the Watchmaker”
David Hume, “Critique of the Argument from Design”
Richard Dawkins, “The Blind Watchmaker”
Michael Denton, “The Puzzle of Perfection”
Robin Collins, “The Fine-Tuning Argument”

Chapter 4: Moral Arguments
Plato, “Euthyphro”
Robert Merrihew Adams, “Moral Arguments for Theistic Belief”
Linda Zagzebski, “Does Ethics Need God?”

Chapter 5: Religious Experience
C.B. Martin, “A Religious Way of Knowing”
William P. Alston, “The Experiential Basis of Theism”

Chapter 6: Naturalism Refuted?
“A Humanist Manifesto”
Alvin Plantinga, “The Self-Refutation of Naturalism”

Chapter 7:The Balance of Probabilities
Richard Swinburne, “A Cumulative Case for the Existence of God”
J.L. Mackie, “The Balance of Probabilities”

Chapter 8: Reflections on Arguments for the Existence of God
Alvin Plantinga, “Arguing for God”
William J.Wainwright, “The Nature of Reason”

Suggestions for Further Study

Part Two
REASON AND BELIEF IN GOD
Introduction: Reason and Belief in God

Chapter 9:The Need for Evidence
W.K. Clifford, “The Ethics of Belief”
Antony Flew, “The Presumption of Atheism"

Chapter 10: Reformed Epistemology
Kelly James Clark, “Without Evidence or Argument”
Philip L. Quinn, “On Finding the Foundations of Theism”

Chapter 11:Wittgensteinian Fideism
Norman Malcolm, “The Groundlessness of Belief”
Kai Nielsen, “Religion and Groundless Believing”

Chapter 12: Pragmatic Justification of Religious Belief
Blaise Pascal, “The Wager”
William James, “The Will to Believe”

Chapter 13: Reflections on Reason and Belief in God
Raymond J.VanArragon, “Reconciling Reason and Religious Belief”

Suggestions for Further Study

Part Three
CRITIQUES OF GOD
Introduction: Critiques of God

Chapter 14:The Hermeneutics of Suspicion
Karl Marx, “The Opium of the Masses”
Friedrich Nietzsche, “Religion as Resentment”
Sigmund Freud, “The Future of an Illusion”

Chapter 15: Reflections on the Hermeneutics of Suspicion
Merold Westphal, “Taking Suspicion Seriously: The Religious Uses of Modern Atheism”

Suggestions for Further Study

Part Four
GOD AND HUMAN SUFFERING
Introduction: God and Human Suffering

Chapter 16:The Problem Stated
David Hume, “God and Evil”

Chapter 17: Plantinga’s Free Will Defense
Paul Tidman, “The Free Will Defense”

Chapter 18:Theodicy
John Hick, “The Soul-Making Theodicy”
Marilyn McCord Adams, “Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God”
Daniel Howard-Snyder, “Theodicy”

Chapter 19:The Evidential Problem of Evil
William Rowe, “The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism”
Daniel Howard-Snyder, “Rowe’s Argument from Particular Horrors”

Chapter 20: Reflections on God and Human Suffering
Nicholas Wolterstorff, “The Silence of the God Who Speaks”
Suggestions for Further Study

Part Five
DIVINE LANGUAGE & ATTRIBUTES
Introduction: Divine Language and Attributes

Chapter 21: Speaking of God
Thomas Aquinas, “Speaking of God”
Dan R. Stiver, “‘The Greatest Thing by Far’: Metaphor as the Hermeneutical Key to Hermeneutics”

Chapter 22: Does God Suffer?
Johannes Scotus Eriugena, “Divine Impassibility”
Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Suffering Love”

Chapter 23: Prayer
Thomas Aquinas, “Whether It Is Becoming to Pray”
Eleonore Stump, “Petitionary Prayer”

Chapter 24: Is There a Hell?
Stephen T. Davis, “Universalism, Hell, and the Fate of the Ignorant”
Marilyn McCord Adams, “The Problem of Hell: A Problem of Evil for Christians”

Chapter 25: Religious Pluralism
John Hick, “The Philosophy of Religious Pluralism”
Peter van Inwagen, “Non Est Hick”

Chapter 26: Feminist Theology
Patricia Altenbernd Johnson, “Feminist Christian Philosophy?”
Christina Van Dyke, “Eating as a Gendered Act: Christianity, Feminism, and Reclaiming the Body”

Chapter 27: Reflections on Divine Language & Attributes
Stephen T. Davis, “Three Conceptions of God in Contemporary Christian Philosophy”

Suggestions for Further Study
Sources

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