Readings on the Ultimate Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy (Penguin Academics Series) / Edition 2

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Designed to be used on its own or with its companion text, Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy, this collection of readings covers the major topic areas in philosophy: Knowledge; Free Will; Personal Identity; Mind/Body; God; Ethics; and Political Philosophy.

Contemporary selections engage the reader, encourage philosophical thought, and promote lively discussion of philosophical issues and problems.

Readers of Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy and those interested in introductory philosophy.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321413000
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 8/3/2006
  • Series: Penguin Academics Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 640
  • Product dimensions: 5.53 (w) x 8.22 (h) x 1.21 (d)

Table of Contents

New sections are marked with an **


1. What is Enlightenment? Immanuel Kant

2. Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect Baruch Spinoza

3. Letter to Menoeceus. Epicurus **

4. Apology Plato

5. The Value of Philosophy Bertrand Russell


1. Meditations 1 and 2 Rene Descartes

2. Brain in a Vat Skepticism Christopher Grau

3. On the Value of Skepticism Bertrand Russell **

4. Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Edmund Gettier

5. An Alleged Defect in Gettier Counter-examples Richard Feldman

6. Proof of an External World G. E Moore

7. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding John Locke **

8. A Pragmatic Solution to the Problem of Induction John Hospers

9. The Problem of Induction–Old and New Howard Kahane and Paul Tidman


1. Essay on the Freedom of the Will Arthur Schopenhauer **

2. Compatibilism W.T Stace **

3. Beyond Compatibilism: A Buddhist Approach to Freedom and Determinism Mark Siderits **

4. The incompatibility of free will and determinism Peter van Inwagen

5. Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person Harry Frankfurt **

6. Human Freedom and the Self , Roderick Chisholm


1. A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality John Perry [selections]

2. The Buddhist theory of 'no-self’ Serge Christopher Kolm

3. Where Am I ? Daniel C. Dennett

4. Personal Identity: The Dualist Theory Richard Swinburne **

5. Feminist Perspectives on the Self Diane Meyers


1. Alcibiades Plato [selections] **

2. A Defense of Dualism John Foster **

3. Philosophical Behaviorism John Heil

4. The Nature of Mind David Armstrong

5. Mad Pain and Martian Pain David Lewis

6. Functionalism, Qualia, and the Inverted Spectrum Terry Horgan

7. Minds, Brains and Programs John Searle

8. Epiphenomenal Qualia Frank Jackson


1. The Five Ways Thomas Aquinas **

2. The Cosmological Argument Richard Taylor

3. A Debate on the Cosmological Argument Russell and F.C. Copleston **

4. The Ontological Argument William L Rowe

5. Molecular Machines: Experimental Support for the Design Inference Michael J. Behe

6. Born-Again Creationism Philip Kitcher

7. Pascal’s Wager George Schlesinger

8. Evil and Omnipotence J.L. Mackie

9. Why Does God Allow Evil? Richard Swinburne

10. The Ethics of Belief William Clifford

11. The Will to Believe William James

12. Male-Chauvinist Religion Deborah Mathie


1. A Defense of Ethical Objectivism Louis P Pojman **

2. Must God’s Commands Conform to Moral Standards? James Rachels

3. Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill

4. From the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Immanuel Kant

5. Nichomachean Ethics 1 & 2 Aristotle

6. Virtue Ethics in TV’s Seinfeld Aeon Skoble

7. The Practice of Partiality Marilyn Friedman

8. The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism Tom Regan

9. Do Animals have Rights Carl Cohen

10. The Case for Gay Marriage Michael Nava; Robert Davidoff

11. The Case against Gay Marriage Manuel Lopez

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