Readings on the Ultimate Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy

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Helps readers understand the issues and problems in philosophy by reading original materials that demonstrate that philosophy is not about remote questions, but rather issues that lie deep within ourselves. With a blend of classic and contemporary readings, this anthology covers the major topics in philosophy, includes readings by outstanding contemporary philosophers that are enjoyable to read, encourage philosophical thought, and show readers how contemporary philosophers approach philosophical problems, and presents historical readings that show the work of figures in the history of philosophy. For anyone interested in understanding philosophical issues and how they relate to our lives.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321195494
  • Publisher: Pearson Education
  • Publication date: 8/5/2004
  • Series: Penguin Academics Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Pages: 645
  • Product dimensions: 5.38 (w) x 8.24 (h) x 1.19 (d)

Table of Contents

1. What is philosophy?
What is Enlightenment? Immanuel Kant.
Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect Baruch Spinoza.
Philosophy, a Bus Ride and Dumb Luck Alfred Mele.
Apology Plato (Selections).
The Value of Philosophy Bertrand Russell.
Classical Conceptual Analysis Dennis Earl.

2. What do we know?

Meditations 1 and 2 Rene Descartes.
Brain in a Vat Skepticism Christopher Grau.
Philosophy and Knowledge A.J. Ayer.
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Edmund L. Gettier.
An Alleged Defect in Gettier Counter-examples Richard Feldman.
Science and the Physical World W.T. Stace.
Proof of an External World G.E. Moore.
A Pragmatic Solution to the Problem of Induction John Hospers.
The Problem of Induction–Old and New Howard Kahane and Paul Tidman.

3. Do we have free will?

The Mythical Threat of GeneticDeterminism Daniel Dennett.
Freedom and Necessity A.J. Ayer.
The incompatibility of free will and determinism Peter van Inwagen.
Alternate possibilities and moral responsibility Harry Frankfurt.
Human Freedom and the Self Roderick Chisholm.

4. Is there an enduring Self?

A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality (Part 1) John Perry.
The Buddhist theory of 'no-self'Serge Christopher Kolm.
Where Am I ? Daniel C. Dennett.
The Unimportance of Identity Derek Parfit.
Feminist Perspectives on the Self Diane Meyers.

5. What is the mind?

Dualism Paul Churchland.
Philosophical Behaviorism John Heil.
The Nature of Mind David Armstrong.
Mad Pain and Martian Pain David Lewis.
Functionalism, Qualia, and the Inverted Spectrum Terry Horgan.
Why People Think Computers Can't Marvin Minsky.
Minds, Brains and Programs John Searle.
Epiphenomenal Qualia Frank Jackson.

6. Does God exist?

The Cosmological Argument Richard Taylor.
The Ontological Argument William L Rowe.
Molecular Machines: Experimental Support for the Design Inference Michael J. Behe.
Born-Again Creationism Philip Kitcher.
Pascal's Wager George Schlesinger.
Evil and Omnipotence J.L. Mackie.
Why Does God Allow Evil? Richard Swinburne.
Male-Chauvinist Religion Deborah Mathieu.
The Ethics of Belief William Clifford.
The Will to Believe William James

7. What is moral?

A Defense of Ethical Objectivism Louis P Pojman.
Must God's Commands Conform to Moral Standards? James Rachels.
Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill.
From the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Immanuel Kant.
Nichomachean Ethics 1 & 2 Aristotle.
Virtue Ethics in TV's Seinfeld Aeon Skoble.
The Practice of Partiality Marilyn Friedman.
The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism Tom Regan.
Do Animals have Rights Carl Cohen.
The Case for Gay Marriage Michael Nava; Robert Davidoff.
The Case Against Gay Marriage Manuel Lopez.
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