Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States

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More About This Textbook


America's economy and lifestyles have been shaped by the low prices and availability of energy. In the last decade, however, the prices of oil, natural gas, and coal have increased dramatically, leaving consumers and the industrial and service sectors looking for ways to reduce energy use. To achieve greater energy efficiency, we need technology, more informed consumers and producers, and investments in more energy-efficient industrial processes, businesses, residences, and transportation.

As part of the America's Energy Future project, Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States examines the potential for reducing energy demand through improving efficiency by using existing technologies, technologies developed but not yet utilized widely, and prospective technologies. The book evaluates technologies based on their estimated times to initial commercial deployment, and provides an analysis of costs, barriers, and research needs. This quantitative characterization of technologies will guide policy makers toward planning the future of energy use in America. This book will also have much to offer to industry leaders, investors, environmentalists, and others looking for a practical diagnosis of energy efficiency possibilities.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309137164
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 6/11/2010
  • Pages: 352
  • Product dimensions: 8.00 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Summary 1

1 Energy Use in Context 21

1.1 Energy Use in the United States 22

1.2 The Potential for Improved Energy Efficiency 26

1.3 Approach to and Scope of This Study 27

1.4 References 39

2 Energy Efficiency in Residential and Commercial Buildings 41

2.1 Energy Use in Buildings 41

2.2 Energy Efficiency Trends 50

2.3 The Potential for Energy Efficiency in Buildings 54

2.4 Approaches to Understanding Energy Efficiency Potential 61

2.5 Conservation Supply Curves 68

2.6 Advanced Technologies and Integrated Approaches 80

2.7 Barriers to Improving Energy Efficiency in Buildings 96

2.8 Market Drivers 105

2.9 Findings 109

2.10 References 110

3 Energy Efficiency in Transportation 121

3.1 Scope and Content of This Chapter 121

3.2 Energy Use in Transportation 125

3.3 The Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement in Passenger Transportation 128

3.4 Freight Transportation 158

3.5 Fuels Old and New 167

3.6 System-Level Issues 172

3.7 Challenges and Barriers 175

3.8 Findings 176

3.9 References 178

4 Energy Efficiency In Industry 185

4.1 Energy Use in U.S. Industry in a Global Context 185

4.2 Potential for Energy Savings 192

4.3 Opportunities for Energy Efficiency Improvements in Four Major Energy-Consuming Industries 203

4.4 Crosscutting Technologies for Improved Energy Efficiency 226

4.5 Barriers to Deployment and Use 245

4.6 The Business Case for Energy Efficiency 250

4.7 Findings 252

4.8 References 253

5 Overarching Findings and Lessons Learned From Federal And State Energy Efficiency Policies and Programs 261

5.1 Overarching Findings 262

5.2 Energy Efficiency Policies and Programs 264

5.3 The California Experience 279

5.4 The New York Experience 284

5.5 Lessons Learned 289

5.6 Changing Consumer Behavior 291

5.7 References 292


A America's Energy Future Project 299

B Panel Biographical Information 305

C Presentations and Panel Meetings 313

D Definitions of Energy Efficiency 315

E Estimating the Net Costs and Benefits of Energy Savings 317

F Equivalences and Conversion Factors 319

G Acronyms and Abbreviations 325

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