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About this Book
REA's staff of authors and educators has prepared review material, exercises, and tests based on each of the major standardized exams, including the Advanced Placement (AP), College-Level Examination Program (CLEP), General Education Development (GED), Graduate Record Examination (GRE), Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT), Professional Assessments for Beginning Teachers (PRAXIS) II, Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT), Law School Admission Test (LSAT), and the ACT Assessment. The types of questions represented on these exams have been analyzed in order to produce the most comprehensive preparatory material possible. You will find review material, helpful strategies, and exercises geared to your level of studying. In short, this book gives you all the tools you need to score high on the reading comprehension sections of standardized tests.
How to Use This Book
If you are preparing to take the AP English Literature exam, AP English Composition exam, CLEP, GRE, GED, SAT, Preliminary Scholastic Assessment Test (PSAT), PRAXIS II, Texas Academic Skills Program (TASP) exam, California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST), LSAT, GMAT, ACT, Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test (ASVAB), or the Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST), you will be taking a test that requires excellent reading comprehension skills. This book contains comprehensive reading comprehension reviews and drills that can be tailored to your specific test preparation needs.
Locate your test on the chart shown on pages 6 and 7, and then find the corresponding sections recommended for study. REA suggests that you study the indicated material thoroughly as a review for your exam.
This book will help you prepare for your exam because it includes different types of questions and drills that are representative of what might appear on each exam. The book also includes diagnostic tests so that you can determine your strengths and weaknesses within a specific subject. The explanations are clear and comprehensive, explaining why the answer is correct. The Reading Comprehension Builder gives you practice within a wide range of categories and question types, as well as giving you vocabulary lists at the end of every chapter.
Vocabulary Enhancer prepares students for reading comprehension questions on any standardized examination with questions on reading passages. Lists of commonly confused words, words with similar sounds, explanations of connotation and denotation, roots, prefixes, and suffixes are presented.
Basic Reading Comprehension prepares students for reading questions on the CLEP, GMAT, GED, TASP, SAT, PSAT, PRAXIS II, ACT, PPST, ASVAB, LSAT, AP English Literature and Composition, AP English Language and Composition, GRE, and CBEST exams. The fundamentals of reading the passages and the questions, answering questions, the different types of reading comprehension questions, and the four-step approach to tackling reading comprehension questions are fully covered.
Reading for Content helps students prepare for questions on the SAT, CLEP, GRE, GMAT, PSAT, GED, TASP, ASVAB, ACT, LSAT, CBEST, PPST, and PRAXIS exams. It reviews the skills specific to reading a passage and answering questions based on the content of that passage. Tips for increasing your reading efficiency, deciphering the purpose and content of the passage, and help for slow readers are presented.
Reading for Style prepares students taking the AP English Literature and Composition, AP English Language and Composition, GRE, CLEP, ACT, LSAT, and GED exams. This chapter teaches the techniques needed to answer questions based on writing style and form found within reading passages. Introductions to reading fiction, poetry, drama, and essays are presented as well as definitions of key literary terms.
Reading Short Passages will prepare students for questions on the CBEST, PRAXIS II, and ASVAB exams. Short reading passages (less than 200 words) usually represent three types of comprehension: literal, inferential, and critical. This chapter explains each type of passage and presents strategies for answering short reading passages.
Reading Medium Passages reviews the skills needed to score high on the LSAT, GMAT, SAT, PSAT, ACT, GRE, TASP, GED, and PPST exams. Specific techniques are given for reading passages that are 200 to 700 words in length. Special sections on reading directions, reading speed, and the types of questions found with medium reading passages are presented.
Reading Long Passages will prepare students to answer questions on the ACT, LSAT, and SAT exams. The chapter reviews the techniques for reading passages longer than 700 words. Included are the specific skills needed to read longer passages and answering the related questions.
Critical Reading reviews the unique style and format of the critical reading questions found on the SAT and PSAT. This chapter defines, and provides methods for answering critical reading questions, including an easy, four-step strategy.
Finally, before getting started, here are a few guidelines:
Study full chapters. If you think after a few minutes that the chapter appears easy, continue studying. Many chapters (like the tests themselves) become more difficult as they continue
Use this guide as a supplement to the review materials provided by the test administrators.
Take the diagnostic test before each review chapter, even if you feel confident that you already know the material well enough to skip a particular chapter. Taking the diagnostic test will put your mind at ease: you will discover either that you absolutely know the material or that you need to review. This will eliminate the panic you might otherwise experience during the test upon discovering that you have forgotten how to approach a certain type of question.
As you prepare for a standardized test with reading comprehension questions, you will want to review the various techniques and steps for answering the specific type of reading passages that will appear on the test. The more familiar you are with these techniques, the better you will do on the test. Our reading comprehension reviews represent the numerous types of reading passages and questions that appear on many standardized tests.
Along with the skill to answer the different types of reading comprehension questions, knowing how to answer such questions quickly and accurately will have an effect on your success. All tests have time limits, so the more questions you can answer correctly in the given period of time, the better off you will be. Our suggestion is to practice taking tests under test-like conditions. First, you should take each diagnostic test. Next, you should complete the drills as you review for extra practice. Finally, take the Mini Tests when you feel confident with the material. Pay special attention to both the time it takes you to complete the diagnostic tests and the Mini Tests, and the number of questions you answer correctly.
The vocabulary lists at the end of each chapter will refresh your memory about definitions of rarely-used words and teach you words you have not used before. The spelling of the word, what part of speech it is, and its definition are all clearly presented to aid you in studying vocabulary.