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Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy / Edition 15

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REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY has a well-earned reputation for clarity and breadth, with a proven selection of high-quality readings that cover centuries of philosophical debate. The anthology includes the central issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics, as well as debates over the value of philosophy and the meaning of life. The book is clearly organized so that the readings complement each other, guiding readers through contrasting positions on key philosophical issues. Clear, concise introductions provide reading tips and background information to help readers engage directly and meaningfully with the primary sources.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"It's a large book, with a nearly exhaustive list of the most important philosophical topics, represented by excellent selections, with helpful online material. It is the best philosophy textbook of its type."

"REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY gives excellent coverage of both topics and canonical authors, and is thus an ideal text for any Intro. Phil. course that is topically organized but wishes to cover the historical bases, as well."

"A broad anthology appropriate for an Introductory course in Philosophy and/or Ethics."

"Extremely thorough text with very carefully chosen texts, threaded together nicely."

"A topical introduction to philosophy, good resource for a strongly analytic, strongly epistemologically oriented intro class."

Rather than taking a smorgasbord approach to introducing students to philosophy, this 11th generation text provides two dozen classic and contemporary readings in representative problem areas: reason and religious belief, the grounds and limits of human knowledge, the place of mind in nature, and challenges to standard concepts of morality. Each section is introduced by Feinberg (U. of Arizona) and Shafer-Landau (U. of Kansas). Includes ten new selections specifically addressed to beginning students; a specially commissioned article offering a new theory of libertarianism; updated translations; and an updated glossary. Lacks an index and dates of previous editions. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781133608479
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/1/2013
  • Edition description: Student
  • Edition number: 15
  • Pages: 720
  • Sales rank: 229,902
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Joel Feinberg (Professor Emeritus, late of University of Arizona) was widely recognized as one of America's leading political and social philosophers. Acclaimed both for his ground-breaking scholarship and his exemplary teaching skills, Feinberg published widely on topics such as individual rights, legal theory, capital punishment, the treatment of the mentally ill, civil disobedience, and environmental ethics. Before joining the University of Arizona faculty, he taught at Brown, Princeton, and Rockefeller universities. Feinberg was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1987-88 to work in Japan and served as chairman of the National Board of Officers in the American Philosophical Association in the mid-1980s. Some of the royalties from Reason and Responsibility have been used to establish the Regents Professor Joel Feinberg Dissertation Fellowship in Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

Russ Shafer-Landau received his Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and currently teaches at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he focuses on ethical theory and philosophy of the law. He is the author of THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ETHICS; MORAL REALISM; A DEFENCE; AND WHATEVER HAPPENED TO GOOD AND EVIL? He also serves as series editor for Oxford Studies in Metaethics.

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Table of Contents

Joel Feinberg (1926-2004): In Memoriam. Preface. The Nature and Value of Philosophy. Joel Feinberg: A Logic Lesson. Plato: "Apology." Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy. PART I: REASON AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF. 1. The Existence and Nature of God. Anselm of Canterbury: The Ontological Argument, from Proslogion. Gaunilo of Marmoutiers: On Behalf of the Fool. L. Rowe: The Ontological Argument. Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica. Samuel Clarke: A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument. William L. Rowe: The Cosmological Argument. William Paley: The Argument from Design. David Hume: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. 2. The Problem of Evil. Fyodor Dostoyevsky: Rebellion. J. L. Mackie: Evil and Omnipotence. Peter van Inwagen: The Argument from Evil. John Hick The Soul-Making Defense. B. C. Johnson: God and the Problem of Evil. 3. Reason and Faith. W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief. William James: The Will to Believe. Kelly James Clark: Without Evidence or Argument. Blaise Pascal: The Wager. Simon Blackburn: Miracles and Testimony. PART II: HUMAN KNOWLEDGE: ITS GROUNDS AND LIMITS. 4. Skepticism. John Pollock: A Brain in a Vat. Michael Huemer: Three Skeptical Arguments. Roderick M. Chisholm: The Problem of the Criterion. 5. The Nature and Value of Knowledge. Plato: Knowledge as Justified True Belief. Edmund Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? James Cornman, Keith Lehrer, and George Pappas: An Analysis of Knowledge. Gilbert Ryle: Knowing How and Knowing That. Plato: "Meno". Duncan Pritchard: The Value of Knowledge. 6. Our Knowledge of the External World. Bertrand Russell: Appearance and Reality and the Existence of Matter. Rene Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy. John Locke: The Causal Theory of Perception. George Berkeley: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge. G. E. Moore: Proof of an External World. 7. The Methods of Science. David Hume: An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Wesley C. Salmon: An Encounter with David Hume. Karl Popper: Science: Conjectures and Refutations. Philip Kitcher: Believing Where We Cannot Prove. PART III: MIND AND ITS PLACE IN NATURE. 8. The Mind-Body Problem. Brie Gertler: In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism. Frank Jackson: The Qualia Problem. Peter Carruthers: The Mind Is the Brain. Paul Churchland: Functionalism and Eliminative Materialism. 9. Can Non-Humans Think? Alan Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence. John R. Searle: Minds, Brains, and Programs. William G. Lycan: Robots and Minds. 10. Personal Identity and the Survival of Death. Ted Sider: Personal Identity. John Locke: The Prince and the Cobbler. Thomas Reid: Of Mr. Locke's Account of Our Personal Identity. David Hume: The Self. Derek Parfit: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons. John Perry: A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality. PART IV: DETERMINISM, FREE WILL, AND RESPONSIBILITY. 11. The Mysteries of Free Will. Peter van Inwagen: Freedom of the Will. 12. Libertarianism: The Case for Free Will and Its Incompatibility with Determinism. Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self. Robert Kane: Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes. 13. Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and its Incompatibility with Its Incompatibility with Any Important Sense of Free Will. Paul Holbach: The Illusion of Free Will. Derk Pereboom: Why We Have No Free Will and Can Live Without It. (Modified in this edition) 14. Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and Its Compatibility with the Most Important Sense of Free Will. David Hume: Of Liberty and Necessity. A. J. Ayer: Freedom and Necessity. 15. Freedom and Moral Responsibility. Galen Strawson: The Maze of Free Will. Harry Frankfurt: Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck. Susan Wolf: Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility. PART V: MORALITY AND ITS CRITICS. 16. Changes to Morality. Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism. Plato: The Immoralist's Challenge. Friedrich Nietzche: Master and Slave Morality. Richard Joyce: The Evolutionary Debunking of Morality. 17. Proposed Standards and Right of Conduct. Russ Shafer-Landau: Ethical Subjectivism. Martha Nussbaum: Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation. Aristotle: Virtue and the Good Life. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan. John Rawls: Justice as Fairness. Plato: Euthyphro. Immanuel Kant: The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative. J.S. Mill: Utilitarianism, Chapters 2 and 4. W. D. Ross: What Makes Right Acts Right? Hilde Lindemann: What Is Feminist Ethics? 18. Ethical Problems. Plato: Crito. Peter Singer: The Singer Solution to World Poverty. John Harris: The Survival Lottery. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral. 19. The Meaning of Life. Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus. Aldous Huxley: Brave New World. Leo Tolstoy: My Confession. Erik Wielenber: The Meaning of Life without God. Thomas Nagel: The Absurd.

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