Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy / Edition 14

Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy / Edition 14

by Joel Feinberg, Russ Shafer-Landau
     
 

Seventy-nine readings ranging from the Classic to the contemporary periods represent the basic philosophical positions on religious belief, the limits of knowledge, the nature of mind, free will and responsibility, and ethics. Particular attention is given to the debates concerning the existence of God, the problem of evil, faith, skepticism, science, the mind-body… See more details below

Overview

Seventy-nine readings ranging from the Classic to the contemporary periods represent the basic philosophical positions on religious belief, the limits of knowledge, the nature of mind, free will and responsibility, and ethics. Particular attention is given to the debates concerning the existence of God, the problem of evil, faith, skepticism, science, the mind-body problem, the nature of thought, personal identity, determinism, moral responsibility, and ethical problems such as famine, abortion, and animal rights. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781439046944
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
01/01/2010
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
720
Sales rank:
222,383
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Pt. IReason and Religious Belief1
The Existence and Nature of God
An Ontological Argument, from Proslogion6
On Behalf of the Fool8
The Ontological Argument11
The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica22
A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument23
The Cosmological Argument24
The Puzzle of Reality: Why Does the Universe Exist?34
The Argument from Design40
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, II-XI46
Male-Chauvinist Religion80
The Problem of Evil
Rebellion, from The Brothers Karamazov89
Theodicy95
Evil and Omnipotence100
The Magnitude, Duration and Distribution of Evil: A Theodicy108
Reason and Faith
The Ethics of Belief121
The Will to Believe125
The Wager134
Miracles and Testimony, from Think137
Pt. IIHuman Knowledge: Its Grounds and Limits145
Skepticism
A Brain in a Vat152
Outlines of Skepticism154
The Problem of the Criterion159
Why Not Skepticism?165
Our Knowledge of the External World
Meditations on First Philosophy173
Proof of an External World206
The Causal Theory of Perception, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding209
Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous217
The Methods of Science
An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, II, IV-VII266
An Encounter with David Hume291
Creation, Evolution and Public Education311
Believing Where We Cannot Prove, from Abusing Science321
Pt. IIIMind and Its Place in Nature337
The Mind-Body Problem
Dualisms, from Body and Mind 2nd ed342
The Qualia Problem355
The Mind Is the Brain, from Introducing Persons359
Behaviorism, Materialism and Functionalism, form Matter and Consciousness368
Can Non-Humans Think?
Minds, Brains, and Programs384
Robots and Minds, from Consciousness397
Star Witness403
Personal Identity and the Survival of Death
Where Am I?, from Brainstorms420
Survival: The Problem of Identity428
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality434
Pt. IVDeterminism, Free Will and Responsibility455
Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and Its Incompatibility with any Important Sense of Free Will
The Illusion of Free Will, from System of Nature462
A Defense of Hard Determinism, from How Free Are You?467
Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and Its Compatibility with the Most Important Sense of Free Will
Freedom and Necessity, from Philosophical Essays481
The Problem of Free Will, from Religion and the Modern Mind486
Libertarianism: The Case for Free Will and Its Incompatibility with Determinism
Human Freedom and the Self492
Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes499
Freedom and Moral Responsibility
The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility513
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility523
Moral Luck529
Pt. VMorality and its Critics538
Challenges to Morality
Psychological Egoism547
Ethical Egoism, from The Elements of Moral Philosophy559
The Immoralist's Challenge from The Republic Book II567
Socrates' Answer (in part) from The Republic, Books II, III and IV573
Master and Slave Morality from Beyond Good and Evil598
Proposed Standards of Right Conduct
Ethical Subjectivism604
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, from The Elements of Moral Philosophy616
The Nature of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics624
Leviathan, Part I, Chapters XIII-XV640
Justice as Fairness, from A Theory of Justice654
God and Morality664
The Good Will & The Categorical Imperative, from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals679
Utilitarianism, chapters 1 and 2694
Applied Ethics
Famine, Affluence, and Morality708
Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems716
The Survival Lottery722
Active and Passive Euthanasia727
A Reply to Rachels on Active and Passive Euthanasia731
A Defense of Abortion739
An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong750
All Animals Are Equal761
Glossary775

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