Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy / Edition 11

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The eleventh edition of this renowned, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. The text covers reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.
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Editorial Reviews

Rather than taking a smorgasbord approach to introducing students to philosophy, this 11th generation text provides two dozen classic and contemporary readings in representative problem areas: reason and religious belief, the grounds and limits of human knowledge, the place of mind in nature, and challenges to standard concepts of morality. Each section is introduced by Feinberg (U. of Arizona) and Shafer-Landau (U. of Kansas). Includes ten new selections specifically addressed to beginning students; a specially commissioned article offering a new theory of libertarianism; updated translations; and an updated glossary. Lacks an index and dates of previous editions. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
From the Publisher

"This is an outstanding collection of essays and this textbook is a very good instance of its kind. There are other books similar to it on the market, but this is a very good one." -- Dr. Matthew Talbert, West Virginia University

"The market for introduction to philosophy textbooks is crowded, but Reason and Responsibility strikes me as a high-quality textbook that competes well with the Perry/Bratman/Fischer reader." -- Dr. Christopher Hom, Texas Tech University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534573522
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 7/28/2001
  • Series: Philosophy Ser.
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 11
  • Pages: 672
  • Product dimensions: 7.60 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.37 (d)

Meet the Author

Joel Feinberg (Professor Emeritus, late of University of Arizona) was widely recognized as one of America's leading political and social philosophers. Acclaimed both for his ground-breaking scholarship and his exemplary teaching skills, Feinberg published widely on topics such as individual rights, legal theory, capital punishment, the treatment of the mentally ill, civil disobedience, and environmental ethics. Before joining the University of Arizona faculty, he taught at Brown, Princeton, and Rockefeller universities. Feinberg was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1987-88 to work in Japan and served as chairman of the National Board of Officers in the American Philosophical Association in the mid-1980s. Some of the royalties from Reason and Responsibility have been used to establish the Regents Professor Joel Feinberg Dissertation Fellowship in Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

Russ Shafer-Landau received his Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and currently teaches at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he focuses on ethical theory and philosophy of the law. He is the author of THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ETHICS; MORAL REALISM; A DEFENCE; AND WHATEVER HAPPENED TO GOOD AND EVIL? He also serves as series editor for Oxford Studies in Metaethics.

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Table of Contents

Pt. I Reason and Religious Belief 1
The Existence and Nature of God
An Ontological Argument, from Proslogion 6
On Behalf of the Fool 8
The Ontological Argument 11
The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica 22
A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument 23
The Cosmological Argument 24
The Puzzle of Reality: Why Does the Universe Exist? 34
The Argument from Design 40
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, II-XI 46
Male-Chauvinist Religion 80
The Problem of Evil
Rebellion, from The Brothers Karamazov 89
Theodicy 95
Evil and Omnipotence 100
The Magnitude, Duration and Distribution of Evil: A Theodicy 108
Reason and Faith
The Ethics of Belief 121
The Will to Believe 125
The Wager 134
Miracles and Testimony, from Think 137
Pt. II Human Knowledge: Its Grounds and Limits 145
A Brain in a Vat 152
Outlines of Skepticism 154
The Problem of the Criterion 159
Why Not Skepticism? 165
Our Knowledge of the External World
Meditations on First Philosophy 173
Proof of an External World 206
The Causal Theory of Perception, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 209
Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous 217
The Methods of Science
An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, II, IV-VII 266
An Encounter with David Hume 291
Creation, Evolution and Public Education 311
Believing Where We Cannot Prove, from Abusing Science 321
Pt. III Mind and Its Place in Nature 337
The Mind-Body Problem
Dualisms, from Body and Mind 2nd ed 342
The Qualia Problem 355
The Mind Is the Brain, from Introducing Persons 359
Behaviorism, Materialism and Functionalism, form Matter and Consciousness 368
Can Non-Humans Think?
Minds, Brains, and Programs 384
Robots and Minds, from Consciousness 397
Star Witness 403
Personal Identity and the Survival of Death
Where Am I?, from Brainstorms 420
Survival: The Problem of Identity 428
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality 434
Pt. IV Determinism, Free Will and Responsibility 455
Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and Its Incompatibility with any Important Sense of Free Will
The Illusion of Free Will, from System of Nature 462
A Defense of Hard Determinism, from How Free Are You? 467
Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and Its Compatibility with the Most Important Sense of Free Will
Freedom and Necessity, from Philosophical Essays 481
The Problem of Free Will, from Religion and the Modern Mind 486
Libertarianism: The Case for Free Will and Its Incompatibility with Determinism
Human Freedom and the Self 492
Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes 499
Freedom and Moral Responsibility
The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility 513
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility 523
Moral Luck 529
Pt. V Morality and its Critics 538
Challenges to Morality
Psychological Egoism 547
Ethical Egoism, from The Elements of Moral Philosophy 559
The Immoralist's Challenge from The Republic Book II 567
Socrates' Answer in part from The Republic, Books II, III and IV 573
Master and Slave Morality from Beyond Good and Evil 598
Proposed Standards of Right Conduct
Ethical Subjectivism 604
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, from The Elements of Moral Philosophy 616
The Nature of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics 624
Leviathan, Part I, Chapters XIII-XV 640
Justice as Fairness, from A Theory of Justice 654
God and Morality 664
The Good Will & The Categorical Imperative, from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals 679
Utilitarianism, chapters 1 and 2 694
Applied Ethics
Famine, Affluence, and Morality 708
Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems 716
The Survival Lottery 722
Active and Passive Euthanasia 727
A Reply to Rachels on Active and Passive Euthanasia 731
A Defense of Abortion 739
An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong 750
All Animals Are Equal 761
Glossary 775
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