Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology

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Overview

This book is the first devoted to modern biology’s innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields. Some of these scientists were Nobel Prize winners, some were considered cranks or gadflies, some were in fact wrong. The stories of these stubborn dissenters are individually fascinating. Taken together, they provide unparalleled insights into the role of dissent and controversy in science and especially the growth of biological thought over the past century.

 

Each of the book’s nineteen specially commissioned chapters offers a detailed portrait of the intellectual rebellion of a particular scientist working in a major area of biology—genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology as well as others. An introduction by the volume’s editors and an epilogue by R. C. Lewontin draw connections among the case studies and illuminate the nonconforming scientist’s crucial function of disturbing the comfort of those in the majority. By focusing on the dynamics and impact of dissent rather than on “winners” who are credited with scientific advances, the book presents a refreshingly original perspective on the history of the life sciences.

 

Scientists featured in this volume:

Alfred Russel Wallace 

Hans Driesch

Wilhelm Johannsen

Raymond Arthur Dart

C. D. Darlington

Richard Goldschmidt

Barbara McClintock

Oswald T. Avery

Roger Sperry

Leon Croizat

Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards

Peter Mitchell

Howard Temin

Motoo Kimura

William D. Hamilton

Carl Woese

Stephen Jay Gould

Thelma Rowell

Daniel S. Simberloff

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780300158458
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/2009
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 1,039,817
  • Product dimensions: 5.70 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Oren Harman is associate professor, Graduate Program for Science, Technology and Society, Committee on Interdisciplinary Studies, Bar Ilan University, Israel. Michael R. Dietrich is professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction: On Rebels, Icons, and the Value of Dissent Oren Harman Harman, Oren Michael R. Dietrich Dietrich, Michael R. 1

2 Alfred Russel Wallace, the Discovery of Natural Selection, and the Origins of Humankind Michael Ruse Ruse, Michael 20

3 Rebel With Two Causes: Hans Driesch Garland E. Allen Allen, Garland E. 37

4 Wilhelm Johannsen: A Rebel or a Diehard? Raphael Falk Falk, Raphael 65

5 Raymond Arthur Dart: The Man Who Unwillingly Ushered in a Revolution in the Evolution of Humankind Phillip V. Tobias Tobias, Phillip V. 84

6 In Weismann's Footsteps: The Cyto-Rebellion of C. D. Darlington Oren Harman Harman, Oren 103

7 Striking the Hornet's Nest: Richard Goldschmidt's Rejection of the Particulate Gene Michael R. Dietrich Dietrich, Michael R. 119

8 Rebellion and Iconoclasm in the Life and Science of Barbara McClintock Nathaniel Comfort Comfort, Nathaniel 137

9 Challenging the Protein Dogma of the Gene: Oswald T. Avery, a Revolutionary Conservative Ute Deichmann Deichmann, Ute 154

10 Roger Sperry and Integrative Action in the Nervous System Tim Horder Horder, Tim 174

11 Leon Croizat: A Radical Biogeographer David L. Hull Hull, David L. 194

12 Dogma, Heresy, and Conversion: Vera Copner Wynne-Edwards's Crusade and the Levels-of-Selection Debate Mark Borrello Borrello, Mark 213

13 Peter Mitchell: Changing the Face of Bioenergetics John Prebble Prebble, John Bruce Weber Weber, Bruce 231

14 Howard Temin: Rebel of Evidence and Reason Daniel J. Kevles Kevles, Daniel J. 248

15 Motoo Kimura and the Rise of Neutralism James F. Crow Crow, James F. 265

16 Against the Grain: The Science and Life of William D. HamiltonUllica Segerstrale Segerstrale, Ullica 282

17 The Iconoclastic Research Program of Carl Woese Jan Sapp Sapp, Jan 302

18 Stephen Jay Gould, Darwinian Iconoclast? David Sepkoski Sepkoski, David 321

19 Culture and Gender Do Not Dissolve into How Scientists "Read" Nature: Thelma Rowell's Heterodoxy Vinciane Despret Despret, Vinciane 338

20 Bringing Statistical Methods to Community and Evolutionary Ecology: Daniel S. Simberloff William Dritschilo Dritschilo, William 356

Epilogue: Legitimation Is the Name of the Game R. C. Lewontin Lewontin, R. C. 372

Index 385

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