Recarbonization of the Biosphere: Ecosystems and the Global Carbon Cycle

Overview

Human activities are significantly modifying the natural global carbon (C) cycles, and concomitantly influence climate, ecosystems, and state and function of the Earth system. Ever increasing amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) are added to the atmosphere by fossil fuel combustion but the biosphere is a potential C sink. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of C cycling in the biosphere is crucial for identifying and managing biospheric C sinks. Ecosystems with large C sks which must be protected and sustainably ...

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Overview

Human activities are significantly modifying the natural global carbon (C) cycles, and concomitantly influence climate, ecosystems, and state and function of the Earth system. Ever increasing amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) are added to the atmosphere by fossil fuel combustion but the biosphere is a potential C sink. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of C cycling in the biosphere is crucial for identifying and managing biospheric C sinks. Ecosystems with large C sks which must be protected and sustainably managed are wetlands, peatlands, tropical rainforests, tropical savannas, grasslands, degraded/desertified lands, agricultural lands, and urban lands. However, land-based sinks require long-term management and a protection strategy because C sks grow with a progressive improvement in ecosystem health.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789400741584
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 3/28/2012
  • Edition description: 2012
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword (K. Töpfer, R. Hill)
1. Terrestrial Biosphere as a Source and Sink of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (R. Lal, K. Lorenz, R. F. J. Hüttl, B. U. Schneider, J. von Braun)
2. Climate Change Mitigation by Managing the Terrestrial Biosphere (R. Lal)
3. Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate in the Anthropocene (P. J. Crutzen, K. Lorenz, R. Lal, K. Töpfer)
4. Historic Changes in Terrestrial Carbon Storage (R. A. Houghton)
5. Soil Erosion and Soil Organic Carbon Storage on the Chinese Loess Plateau (C. Dahlke, H. R. Bork)
6. Methane Emissions from China’s Natural Wetlands: Measurements, Temporal Variance and Influencing Factors (X. Wang, F. Lu, L. Yang)
7. Accounting more precisely for peat and other soil carbon resources (Hermann F. Jungkunst, Jan Paul Krüger, Felix Heitkamp, Stefan Erasmi, Stephan Glatzel Sabine Fiedler, and Rattan Lal)
8. Permafrost - Physical Aspects, Carbon Cycling, Databases and Uncertainties (J. Boike, M. Langer, H. Lantuit, S. Muster, T. Sachs, P. Overduin, S. Westermann, D. McGuire)
9. Carbon Sequestration in Temperate Forests (R. Lal, K. Lorenz)
10. Decarbonization of the Atmosphere: Role of the Boreal Forest under Changing Climate (J. S. Bhatti, R. Jassal)
11. Recarbonization of the Humid Tropics (M. Venter, O. Venter, S. Laurance, M. F. Bird)
12. Carbon Cycling in the Amazon (C. C. Cerri, M. Bernoux, B. J. Feigl, C. E. P. Cerri)
13. Grassland Soil Carbon Sks: Status, Opportunities, Vulnerability (R. T. Conant)
14. Cropland Soil Carbon Dynamics (K. Lorenz, R. Lal)
15. The Carbon Cycle in Drylands (P. Serrano-Ortiz, E. P. Sánchez-Cañete, C. Oyonarte)
16. Carbonization of Urban Areas (G. Churkina)
17. Potential Carbon Emission Trajectories of Shanghai, China from 2007 to 2050 (R. Guo, X. Cao, J. Zhang, F. Li, H. Wang)
18. Processes of Soil Carbon Dynamics and Ecosystem Carbon Cycling in a Changing World (F. Heitkamp, A. Jacobs, H. F. Jungkunst, S. Heinze, M. Wendland, Y. Kuzyakov)
19. Terrestrial Carbon Management in Urban Ecosystems and Water (K. Butterbach-Bahl, M. Dannenmann)
20. Carbon Storage and Sequestration in Subsoil Horizons: Knowledge, Gaps and Potentials (C. Rumpel, A. Chabbi, B. Marschner)
21. Transforming Carbon Dioxide from a Liability into an Asset (C. Rubbia)
22. Bioenergy and Biospheric Carbon (T. Beringer, W. Lucht)
23. The Economics of Land and Soil Degradation – Toward an Assessment of the Costs of Inaction (J. v. Braun, N. Gerber)
24. Assessment of Carbon Sequestration Potential in Coastal Wetlands (J. T. Morris, J. Edwards, S. Crooks, E. Reyes)
25. Research and Development Priorities Towards Recarbonization of the Biosphere (R. Lal, K. Lorenz, R. F. J. Hüttl, B. U. Schneider, J. von Braun)

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