Recent Research Towards Advanced Man-Machine Interface Through Spoken Language

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Overview

The spoken language is the most important means of human information transmission. Thus, as we enter the age of the Information Society, the use of the man-machine interface through the spoken language becomes increasingly important. Due to the extent of the problems involved, however, full realization of such an interface calls for coordination of research efforts beyond the scope of a single group or institution.

Thus a nationwide research project was conceived and started in 1987 as one of the first Priority Research Areas supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan. The project was carried out in collaboration with over 190 researchers in Japan.

The present volume begins with an overview of the project, followed by 41 papers presented at the symposia. This work is expected to serve as an important source of information on each of the nine topics adopted for intensive study under the project.

This book will serve as a guideline for further work in the important scientific and technological field of spoken language processing.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780444816078
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 11/7/1996
  • Pages: 544
  • Product dimensions: 1.25 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 9.21 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
List of Contributors
Overview of Japanese Efforts Toward an Advanced Man-Machine Interface Through Spoken Language 3
Composite Cosine Wave Analysis and its Application to Speech Signal 17
Smoothed Group Delay Analysis and its Applications to Isolated Word Recognition 27
A New Method of Speech Analysis - PSE 41
Estimation of Voice Source and Vocal Tract Parameters Based on ARMA Analysis and a Model for the Glottal Source Waveform 52
Estimation of Sound Pressure Distribution Characteristics in the Vocal Tract 61
Speech Production Model Involving the Subglottal Structure and Oral-Nasal Coupling due to Wall Vibration 72
On the Analysis of Predictive Data such as Speech by a Class of Single Layer Connectionist Models 83
Phoneme Recognition in Continuous Speech Using Feature Selection Based on Mutual Information 103
Dependency of Vowel Spectra on Phoneme Environment 115
A Preliminary Study on a New Acoustic Feature Model for Speech Recognition 124
A Hybrid Code for Automatic Speech Recognition 134
Complementary Approaches to Acoustic-Phonetic Decoding of Continuous Speech 145
Is Rule-Based Acoustic-Phonetic Speech Recognition a Dead End? 160
Speaker-Independent Phoneme Recognition Using Network Units Based on the a posteriori Probability 167
Unsupervised Speaker Adaptation in Speech Recognition 177
A Japanese Text Dictation System Based on Phoneme Recognition and a Dependency Grammar 193
Word Recognition Using Synthesized Templates 205
A Cache-Based Natural Language Model for Speech Recognition 219
On the Design of a Voice-Activated Typewriter in French 229
Speech Recognition Using Hidden Markov Models: a CMU Perspective 249
Phonetic Features and Lexical Access 267
A Large-Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition System with High Prediction Capability 285
Syntax/Semantics-Orientated Spoken Japanese Understanding System: SPOJUS-SYNO/SEMO 297
An Application of Discourse Analysis to Speech Understanding 311
Studies on Glottal Source and Formant Trajectory Models for the Synthesis of High Quality Speech 321
A System for Synthesis of High-Quality Speech from Japanese Text 340
A Text-to-Speech System Having Several Prosody Options: GK-SS5 356
A Prolog-Based Automatic Text-to-Phoneme Conversion System for British English 366
Data-Bank Analysis of Speech Prosody 377
Parsing Grammatically Ill-Formed Utterances 387
A Dialogue Analyzing Method Using a Dialogue Model 401
Discourse Management System for Communication Through Spoken Language 415
Towards Habitable Systems: Use of World Knowledge to Dynamically Constrain Speech Recognition 424
Noise Elimination of Speech by Vector Quantization and Neural Networks 441
Speech/Nonspeech Discrimination Under Nonstationary Noise Environments 452
Spatially Selective Multi-Microphone System 461
Classification of Japanese Syllables Including Speech Sounds Found in Loanwords 471
A Study of the Suitability of Synthetic Speech for Proof-Reading in Relation to the Voice Quality 479
Improving Synthetic Speech Quality by Systematic Evaluation 489
Considerations on a Common Speech Database 503
Transcription and Alignment of the TIMIT Database 515
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