Reconciling France Against Democracy: The Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Francais, 1927-1945

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $70.43
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 25%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (5) from $70.43   
  • New (4) from $70.43   
  • Used (1) from $91.19   


Previous studies of the Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Fran&ccedile;ais have focused on whether these groups should be considered fascist. In Reconciling France against Democracy Sean Kennedy considers them from a variety of perspectives and assesses the extent to which they foreshadowed Jean-Marie Le Pen's Front National.

Kennedy shows that the Croix de Feu promised to restore patriotic unity to France but instead demonized the nation's enemies as unfit to be French. Its successor, the Parti Social Fran&ccedile;ais, professed a respect for democracy but actually promoted an authoritarian nationalist vision. Despite its ideological similarities to Vichy, the Parti Social Fran&ccedile;ais was marginalized by the regime and its leader, La Rocque, was imprisoned by the Germans. Kennedy explores the ideology and tactics of La Rocque and his followers to show how authoritarian nationalist groups can fail to attain power, yet still exert a profound influence on a nation's political culture.

"Many scholars have portrayed La Rocque as too 'legalistic' and too republican to be either a fascist or an authoritarian conservative. Kennedy presents a good deal of new evidence to the contrary - a major blow to the standard French interpretation." Robert Soucy, history, Oberlin College

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780773532052
  • Publisher: McGill-Queens University Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/2007
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Sean Kennedy is associate professor, history, at the University of New Brunswick.
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Tables vii

Acknowledgments ix

Abbreviations xiii

Illustrations xv

Introduction 3

1 Vers le six février, 1927-1934 17

2 Against the Popular Front, 1934-1936 51

3 La Famille Croix de Feu 85

4 A Turbulent Transition, 1936-1937 120

5 Remaking the Republic? 1938-1939 157

6 Anticipating the État Social Fran&ccedile;ais 189

7 War and Dispersion, 1939-1945 225

Epilogue 259

Notes 271

Bibliography 321

Index 343

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)