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"This astonishing portrait of changing understandings of life and death is both profound and revolutionary. While extending classical debates about body parts as gifts and as commodities, it brilliantly transfigures them. Unparalleled in its field, this powerful book redefines the future of medical anthropology."-Sarah Franklin, Reader in Cultural Anthropology, Lancaster University (England)
The body is both a site for medical practice and a source of tools for therapeutic and scientific uses. There are many meanings ascribed to the body that both affect and are affected by numerous cultural, economic, political and legal issues. In order to procure and use body organs and tissues, Linda F. Hogle states, scientists enlist a wide array of cultural assumptions. Nowhere is this more evident than in present-day Germany, where the specter of Nazi medical experimentation still plays a large role in national policies governing treatment of both living and dead bodies and the way these policies are put into practice. In their efforts to distance themselves from the atrocities of the past, German medical practitioners and policy-makers have reformulated ideas of bodily violation. Furthermore, the reunification of East and West Germany has engendered new questions about the relationship between individuals' bodies, science, and the state.
Recovering the Nation's Body is the first book to analyze the actual practices involved in procuring human body parts, and the first to examine how the German past and the unique present-day situation within the European Union are keys to understanding the forms that medical practice takes within various cultural contexts.
Linda F. Hogle is a fellow at the Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics. She has written widely on the anthropology of science and on bioethics and cultural diversity.
|Figures and Tables|
|1||Introduction: Situating Medical Practices||1|
|Pt. I||German Culture, History, and Boundaries of the Body||19|
|2||Animation and Regeneration: The Meaning of Death and the Use of Body Materials in History||23|
|3||Embodying National Identity: National Socialism and the Body||45|
|4||Culture, Technology, and the Law Define the Body||59|
|5||Bodies, Sciences, and the State in the New Germany||79|
|Pt. II||Medical Practice and the Politics of Redemption||95|
|6||Organizing the Procurement and Use of Human Materials||101|
|7||Local Practice: Coordinators and Surgeons||124|
|8||Converting Human Materials into Therapeutic Tools||140|
|9||The Right Therapeutic Tools||161|
|10||Conclusions: Medicine and the Politics of Redemption||186|
|App||Donation Rates and Public|
|Opinion about Donation||197|