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Children's LiteratureOn December 17, 1996 about five hundred guests of the Japanese ambassador to Peru were taken hostage during a dinner party. Over the next few days several hostages were released until only seventy-two remained. For the next 126 days the only contact those hostages had with the outside world was through a delegate of the Red Cross. That delegate brought in food, clothing, medical supplies, and even messages from the hostages' families. This book examines the history, founders and principles of the several Red Cross and Red Crescent organizations through out the world. Also explained are the meaning and uses of the cross and crescent emblems, specific missions of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and the way in which the Geneva Convention protects those wounded in combat. Insets highlight such topics as the question of neutrality and children in Africa who depend on the Red Cross for food rations. The text is accompanied by many full color maps and photos. Also included are a time line, a brief glossary, a bibliography and an index. This book is part of the "International Organizations" series by World Almanac Library. 2004, World Almanac Library, Ages 10 up.