Red, White, Black, and Blue: A Dual Memoir of Race and Class in Appalachia

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William M. Drennan Jr. and Kojo (William T.) Jones Jr. grew up in the South Hills section of Charleston, West Virginia. Both were born in 1942 to families deeply rooted in Appalachia, but with one key difference. Bill Drennen's parents were white and wealthy, and Kojo Jones was born into a hardworking, middle-class black family. They could play on the same Little League baseball team, but the boundaries set by segregation regulated most other aspects of their social and family lives. In 1955 Charleston's all-white Thomas Jefferson Junior High School was desegregated, and ironically it was this attempt to bring the races together that widened the chasms of class, race, and choice that separated Bill's and Kojo's life experiences for the next forty-five years.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780821415368
  • Publisher: Ohio University Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/2004
  • Series: Ethnicity & Gender In Appalach Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 248
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations vii
Series Editor's Preface ix
Authors' Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction xvii
Part 1. Where We Are Today
Chapter 1. "Who the Hell Is Kojo?" 3
Chapter 2. "I Am Probably a Typical White Man" 5
Part 2. Whence We Have Come
Chapter 3. Growing Up White 9
Chapter 4. Growing Up Black 43
Part 3. Where We Have Been
Chapter 5. Living Class 73
Chapter 6. Living Race 117
Part 4. How We See It Now
Chapter 7. A Reflection 147
Chapter 8. Two Letters 151
Part 5. Analysis
Chapter 9. The Language of Red, White, Black, and Blue 157
Chapter 10. Mastering the Mix 197
Appendix 201
Bibliography 207
Index 211
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