Redirecting Science: Niels Bohr, Philanthropy, and the Rise of Nuclear Physicsby Finn Aaserud
Pub. Date: 01/30/2003
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This volume is an important study for understanding the complex interconnections between basic science and its sources of economic support in the period between the two world wars. The focus of the study is on the Institute for Theoretical Physics (later renamed the Niels Bohr Institute) at Copenhagen University, and the role of its director, the eminent Danish physicist, Niels Bohr, in the funding and administration of the Institute. Under Bohr's direction, the Copenhagen Institute was a central workplace in the development and the formulation of quantum mechanics in the 1920s and later became an important center for nuclear research in the 1930s. Dr. Aaserud brings together the scholarhip on the internal origins and development of nuclear physics in the 1930s with descriptions of the concurrent changes in private support for international basic science, particularly as represented by Rockefeller Foundation philanthropy. In the process, the book places the emergence of nuclear physics in a larger historical context. This book will appeal to historians of science, physicists, and advanced students in these areas.
- Cambridge University Press
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Table of ContentsIntroduction; Prologue: the Copenhagen spirit; 1. Science policy and fund raising until 1934; 2. The Copenhagen spirit at work, late 1920s to mid 1930s; 3. The refugee problem, 1933 to 1935; 4. Experimental biology, late 1920s to 1935; 5. Consolidation of the transition, 1935 to 1940; Conclusion; Notes; Index.
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