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Reduced Worktime and the Management of Production

Overview

This book examines the tendency in market economies to reduce the time workers spend at their place of employment and considers the role scientific management has played in this development. The author contends that the changing nature of worktime can be explained by changes in both the capitalistic production process and the demands that this process places on the psycho-physiological capacities of human beings. Between 1870 and 1980, the total annual worktime in major industrialized nations decreased by ...
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Overview

This book examines the tendency in market economies to reduce the time workers spend at their place of employment and considers the role scientific management has played in this development. The author contends that the changing nature of worktime can be explained by changes in both the capitalistic production process and the demands that this process places on the psycho-physiological capacities of human beings. Between 1870 and 1980, the total annual worktime in major industrialized nations decreased by approximately 40 percent. This accelerated rate of worktime change is discussed in the context of the economic revival of capitalism that began in the first half of the twentieth century and culminated in the long boom of 1945-1970. Professor Nyland argues that this revival is primarily explained by the rapid development and application of the process associated with scientific management. He further asserts that this science has been seriously misunderstood by most modern scholars outside socialist nations. Few have recognized the extent to which it has expanded the capacity of human beings to overcome poverty and to limit the power of the market's invisible hand.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The great strength of Nyland's volume is its attempt to offer a systematic theory of why employers accepted or promoted reduced worktime." Wayne Lewchuk, Business History Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521022828
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 11/17/2005
  • Pages: 232
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.51 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface; 1. The history of worktime thought; 2. Empirical evidence and worktime theory; 3. Worktime and the effort bargain; 4. The rationalization of worktime; 5. The internationalization of rationalized worktimes; Conclusion; References; Index.

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