Reducing Vulnerability and Increasing Opportunity: Social Protection in Middle East and North Africaby Rolf Berndt, Policy World Bank, World Bank Group
The economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are diverse in many ways, making it difficult to develop a common social protection strategy. Countries differ in size and per capita income. There are differences between urban/rural populations, agricultural/non-farm employment, and the structure of output between oil/non-oil economies. However, the countries of the MENA region share key socioeconomic characteristics and their social protection systems also confront similar design and implementation problems.
This report provides a framework for an integrated approach to social protection. It also proposes general recommendations to guide the reform of social protection systems in the MENA region. The report is organized into four chapters which cover highlighting social risks and policy challenges; evaluating formal and informal social protection systems in the MENA region; strategic directions for enhancing these social protection systems; and the World Bank's contribution to social protection in the MENA region. The aim of this report is to contribute to a better-informed and more focused debate on social protection at the national, regional, and international levels.
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