Reducing Vulnerability and Increasing Opportunity: Social Protection in Middle East and North Africa

Overview

The economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are diverse in many ways, making it difficult to develop a common social protection strategy. Countries differ in size and per capita income. There are differences between urban/rural populations, agricultural/non-farm employment, and the structure of output between oil/non-oil economies. However, the countries of the MENA region share key socioeconomic characteristics and their social protection systems also ...
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Overview

The economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are diverse in many ways, making it difficult to develop a common social protection strategy. Countries differ in size and per capita income. There are differences between urban/rural populations, agricultural/non-farm employment, and the structure of output between oil/non-oil economies. However, the countries of the MENA region share key socioeconomic characteristics and their social protection systems also confront similar design and implementation problems.

This report provides a framework for an integrated approach to social protection. It also proposes general recommendations to guide the reform of social protection systems in the MENA region. The report is organized into four chapters which cover highlighting social risks and policy challenges; evaluating formal and informal social protection systems in the MENA region; strategic directions for enhancing these social protection systems; and the World Bank's contribution to social protection in the MENA region. The aim of this report is to contribute to a better-informed and more focused debate on social protection at the national, regional, and international levels.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780821351451
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • Publication date: 6/1/2002
  • Series: Orientations in Development
  • Pages: 114
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 10.04 (h) x 0.34 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary 1
I The Challenges of Social Protection: Identifying Risks and Vulnerable Groups in the MENA Region 21
1.1 Assessing Social Risks in the MENA Region 22
1.2 Identifying Vulnerable Population Groups 39
II Assessing Current Formal and Informal Mechanisms for Social Protection 47
2.1 Managing Social Risks 47
2.2 Informal Mechanisms 49
2.3 Formal Mechanisms outside the Traditional Social Protection System 56
2.4 Formal Public Mechanisms within the Traditional Social Protection System 63
III Strengthening the Social Protection System: Setting Priorities and Reallocating Resources 83
3.1 The Key to Lower Risks: Improving Efficiency in Economic Management 83
3.2 Reducing Vulnerability: Improving Efficiency in Education and Health Expenditures 86
3.3 Mitigating and Coping with Risks: Redefining Priorities for the Social Protection System 88
IV The World Bank's Role 99
4.1 World Bank Involvement in Social Protection 99
4.2 Directions for the Future 101
4.3 Key Partnerships 104
App. 1 Income and Key Human Development Indicators 107
App. 2 Labor Market Indicators 121
App. 3 Formal Pension System Indicators 129
App. 4 Poverty Indicators 135
App. 5 Social Protection and Rural Development in Select MENA Countries 139
App. 6 Social Safety Nets in Select MENA Countries 151
Notes 155
Bibliography 159
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