The Reformation Of Machismo / Edition 1

The Reformation Of Machismo / Edition 1

by Elizabeth E. Brusco
     
 

ISBN-10: 0292708211

ISBN-13: 9780292708211

Pub. Date: 01/01/1995

Publisher: University of Texas Press

Protestant evangelicalism has spread rapidly in Latin America at the same time that foreign corporations have taken hold of economies there. These concurrent developments have led some observers to view this religious movement as a means of melding converts into a disciplined work force for foreign capitalists rather than as a reflection of conscious individual…  See more details below

Overview

Protestant evangelicalism has spread rapidly in Latin America at the same time that foreign corporations have taken hold of economies there. These concurrent developments have led some observers to view this religious movement as a means of melding converts into a disciplined work force for foreign capitalists rather than as a reflection of conscious individual choices made for a variety of personal, as well as economic, reasons.
In this pioneering study, Elizabeth Brusco challenges such assumptions and explores the intra-household motivations for evangelical conversion in Colombia. She shows how the asceticism required of evangelicals (no drinking, smoking, or extramarital sexual relations are allowed) redirects male income back into the household, thereby raising the living standard of women and children. This benefit helps explain the appeal of evangelicalism for women and questions the traditional assumption that organized religion always disadvantages women.
Brusco also demonstrates how evangelicalism appeals to men by offering an alternative to the more dysfunctional aspects of machismo. Case studies add a fascinating human dimension to her findings.
With the challenges this book poses to conventional wisdom about economic, gender, and religious behavior, it will be important reading for a wide audience in anthropology, women’s studies, economics, and religion. For all students of Latin America, it offers thoughtful new perspectives on a major, grass-roots agent of social change.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780292708211
Publisher:
University of Texas Press
Publication date:
01/01/1995
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.51(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
1Introduction1
Contradictions in a Feminist View of Evangelical Women2
More Contradictions: Colombian Evangelicalism and the Anthropology of Religion3
Research Questions: The Domestication of Men?5
Data Collection6
The Different Levels of Meaning in the Conversion Experience8
Gender Analysis in Conversion Studies9
Plan of the Study10
2The Evangelical Movement in Colombia12
Early Missions12
The Contemporary Picture: The Size of the Movement14
The Meaning of "Evangelical" in Colombia14
3Religion and Politics31
The Power of the Roman Catholic Church in Colombia: The Concordat32
Constitutional Reform and the Concordat34
Liberals and Conservatives and the Separation of Church and State35
La Violencia37
The Effect of La Violencia on Evangelicals in El Cocuy40
4El Cocuy: Colombian Evangelicalism on the Community Level48
Rural Life in Urban Colombia48
Choice of El Cocuy as the Rural Field Site49
Description of the Town50
Early History of El Cocuy56
Religion in El Cocuy58
The Impact of Foreign Missionaries in El Cocuy: The Lutheran Church of Our Savior64
5Domestic Abdication, Individualism, and Machismo77
Defining Machismo: Contradictions and Consistencies77
Domestic Abdication82
Psychological Approaches: Machismo and Male Dominance83
Change over Time87
Machismo, Proletarianization, and Individualism89
6Colombian Sex and Gender Roles and the Family92
Sex Roles and Familial Roles93
The Consequences of Machismo for Women's Household Roles100
Conjugal Roles and Status Consciousness102
Case History: Rosalinda107
7Colombian Evangelicalism from the Household Out114
Gender Roles and Marital Roles in the Conversion Process114
The Economic Effects of Gender Role Transformation123
The Feminine Ethos of Evangelical Religion129
8Conclusion135
Colombian Evangelicalism as a "Strategic" Form of Female Collective Action135
Progress, Modernization, and Culture Change141
Women, the Prosperity Ethic, and the Household Writ Large144
Appendix: Fieldwork with Colombian Evangelicals147
Notes167
Bibliography181
Index195

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