Reframing Social Citizenship

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Overview

Throughout the world, governments are restructuring social and welfare provision to give a stronger role to opportunity, aspiration and individual responsibility, and to competition, markets, and consumer choice. This approach centers on a logic of individual rational action: people are the best judges of what serves their own interests and government should give them as much freedom of choice as possible. The UK has gone further than any other major European country in reform and provides a useful object lesson.

Reframing Social Citizenship analyzes the pressures on social citizenship from changes in work and the family, political actors, population aging, and the processes within government in the relentless international process of globalization that have shaped the response. It examines the various social science approaches to agency and argues that the logic of rational action is able to explain how reciprocity arises and is sustained but offers a weak foundation for social inclusion and social trust. It will only sustain part of the welfare state. A detailed assessment of empirical evidence shows how the outcomes of the new policy framework correspond to its theoretical strengths and limitations. Reforms have achieved considerable success in delivering mass services efficiently. They are much less successful in redistributing to more vulnerable low income groups and in maintaining public trust in the structure of provision.

The risk is that mistrustful and disquieted voters may be unwilling to support high spending on health care, pensions and other benefits at a time when they are most needed. In short, the reform programme was undertaken for excellent reasons in a difficult international context, but risks throwing the baby out with the bathwater.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199546701
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 1/15/2009
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter Taylor-Gooby is Professor of Social Policy at the University of Kent and Director of the ESRC Social Contexts and Responses to Risk network. He is a Founding Academician at ALSiSS, a Fellow of the RSA, recent President of the Sociology and Social Policy Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Co-director of the Risk Research Centre, Beijing Normal University and Chair of the Social Policy and Social Work Research Assessment Exercise Panel.

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Table of Contents

Part I Sustaining Social Citizenship in Difficult Times

Chapter 1 Social Citizenship Under Pressure

Chapter 2 Globalisation: New Constraints on Policy-Making

Chapter 3 The Response of Government

Part II Intellectual Foundations of Reform

Chapter 4 The Assumptive World of Welfare State Reform

Chapter 5 Individual Choice and Social Order

Chapter 6 Rational Actors and Social Citizenship

Part III A Case-study: the UK as Object Lesson

Chapter 7 Putting the Theory into Practice: the UK Experience

Chapter 8 The NHS Reforms as a Response to First-Order Challenges

Chapter 9 Second-Order Challenges: Disenchantment, Disquiet and Mistrust

Part IV Conclusions: Strengths and Limitations of Rational Actor Approaches

Chapter 10 Globalisation, Inequality and Diversity

Chapter 11 Welfare Under Altered Circumstances

• Bibliography

• Index
Part I Sustaining Social Citizenship in Difficult Times
1. Social Citizenship Under Pressure
2. Globalisation: New Constraints on Policy-Making
3. The Response of Government
Part II Intellectual Foundations of Reform
4. The Assumptive World of Welfare State Reform
5. Individual Choice and Social Order
6. Rational Actors and Social Citizenship
Part III A Case-study: the UK as Object Lesson
7. Putting the Theory into Practice: the UK Experience
8. The NHS Reforms as a Response to First-Order Challenges
9. Second-Order Challenges: Disenchantment, Disquiet and Mistrust
Part IV Conclusions: Strengths and Limitations of Rational Actor Approaches
10. Globalisation, Inequality and Diversity
11. Welfare Under Altered Circumstances
Bibliography
Index

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