Refusal Of The Shadow / Edition 1

Refusal Of The Shadow / Edition 1

by Michael Richardson
     
 

In 1932, at the peak of French colonialism, a group of Martiniquan students at the Sorbonne established a Caribbean Surrealist Group, and published a single issue of a journal called Légitime défense. Immediately banned by the authorities, it passed almost unnoticed at the time. Yet it began a remarkable series of debates between surrealism and

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Overview

In 1932, at the peak of French colonialism, a group of Martiniquan students at the Sorbonne established a Caribbean Surrealist Group, and published a single issue of a journal called Légitime défense. Immediately banned by the authorities, it passed almost unnoticed at the time. Yet it began a remarkable series of debates between surrealism and Caribbean intellectuals that had a profound impact on the struggle for cultural identity. In the next two decades these exchanges greatly influenced the evolution of the concept of negritude, initiated revolution in Haiti in 1946, and crucially affected the development of surrealism itself.

This fascinating book presents a series of key texts—most of them never before translated into English—which reveal the complexity of this relationship between black anti-colonialist movements in the Caribbean and the most radical of the European avant-gardes. Included are René Ménil’s subtle philosophical essays and the fierce polemics of Aimé and Suzanne Césaire, appreciations of surrealism by Haitian writers, lyrical evocations of the Caribbean by André Breton and André Masson, and rich explorations of Haiti and voodoo religion by Pierre Mabille and Michel Leiris.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781859840184
Publisher:
Verso Books
Publication date:
05/17/1996
Pages:
302
Product dimensions:
5.95(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.65(d)

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Table of Contents

Translators' Note
Introduction1
1978 Introduction to Legitime defense37
Legitime defense: Declaration41
Note Bearing on the Coloured French Bourgeoisie44
Heaven on Earth47
General Observations about the Coloured 'Writer' in the Caribbean50
Civilization54
Poverty of a Poetry55
On Certain Common Characteristics of the Civilized Mentality59
For a Critical Reading of Tropiques69
Panorama79
Leo Frobenius and the Problem of Civilizations82
Presentation88
Introduction to the Marvellous89
A Civilization's Discontent96
An Introduction to Martiniquan Folklore101
Birth of Our Art105
Orientation of Poetry112
Calling the Magician: A Few Words for a Caribbean Civilization119
1943: Surrealism and Us123
The Situation of Poetry in the Caribbean127
Poetry and Knowledge134
Evidence Concerning the Mind and Its Speed147
Lightning Effect153
The Great Camouflage156
Humour: Introduction to 1945162
Concerning Colonial Exoticism176
Creole Dialogue185
A Great Black Poet: Aime Cesaire191
The Jungle199
At Night in Haiti213
Andre Breton in Haiti217
Andre Breton in Port-au-Prince229
A Record about Surrealism234
Surrealism: What It Is236
Letter to the Old Men237
Extract from a Letter to Monny de Bouilly241
Memories of Haiti243
The Haitian Panorama254
The Loas Speaking in Govis: Sorcery and Clairvoyance in Voodoo Religion256
The Sacrifice of a Bull at the Home of the Houngan Jo Pierre-Gilles263
Biographical Notes277
Bibliography281
Index285

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