The Regional Governing Of Metropolitan America / Edition 1

The Regional Governing Of Metropolitan America / Edition 1

by David Miller
     
 

ISBN-10: 081339807X

ISBN-13: 9780813398075

Pub. Date: 01/01/2002

Publisher: Westview Press


The book explores the regional governing of metropolitan America in a comprehensive and systematic fashion. It reviews the financial system of state and local government at the broadest possible level—the national level—and explores the relationships between the federal government, the 50 state governments, and the 86,000 local governments that…  See more details below

Overview


The book explores the regional governing of metropolitan America in a comprehensive and systematic fashion. It reviews the financial system of state and local government at the broadest possible level—the national level—and explores the relationships between the federal government, the 50 state governments, and the 86,000 local governments that constitute the United States system. It assesses and identifies the fundamentally different purposes, organizational designs, and powers of the several forms and types of local government—counties, municipalities (both cities and towns), and special districts.Although defined for statistical purposes by the federal government, metropolitan areas can be used to begin to understand how metropolitan regions in the United States are responding to the governance needs of their areas. The book compares and contrasts variations in the governing structures of metropolitan systems in the United States. It introduces the Metropolitan Power Diffusion Index (MPDI), a scale that measures the distribution of local government power for each metropolitan area in the United States. The scale also is used to assess changes in the diffusion of power over the later quarter of the 20th century. The book overviews the classic debate that has raged for the last 50 years over how metropolitan areas in the United States ought to be organized. One view, which I call the "region as organic whole", sees the metropolitan region as formally organized to explicitly serve the purposes of the region as it competes with other metropolitan regions throughout the world in pursuit of economic development. The second view, which I call the "polycentric region”, views the metropolitan region as a diverse set of personal choices in which citizens choose to reside in places that match their personal preferences. Global competitiveness results from creating an environment that encourages private enterprise and entrepreneurship. The book explores, in detail, cooperative strategies that have been developed to govern the metropolitan areas of the United States. It identifies and presents four types of approaches. Those types are: coordinating regionalism; administrative regionalism; fiscal regionalism; and structural regionalism. Each of these strategies can be found to one degree or another in each of the metropolitan regions in the United States. Finally, the book explores problems or issues that arise as a result of the structuring of government systems in metropolitan areas. It pays particular attention to the issues of regional economic performance, racial segregation and fiscal equity between local government jurisdictions.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813398075
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
01/01/2002
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Tables and Illustrations
Acknowledgments
1Introduction1
2Financial Overview of the State and Local Governments System11
State and Local Revenues11
State and Local Expenditures15
3Defining Types of Local Government19
County Government21
Municipal Governments25
Special/School District Government41
Activities of Counties and Municipalities47
4Metropolitan Regions in the United States51
Definition of Metropolitan Regions51
Variation in Metropolitan Regions54
5Difference in State Systems and Metropolitan Areas59
The Descriptive Analysis62
The Explanatory Analysis67
The Metropolitan Power Diffusion Index75
6The Classic Debate in the Organization of Metropolitan Regions89
The Metropolitan Region as an Organic Whole90
The Polycentric Region94
7Defining Regionalism and Approaches to Regionalism99
Coordinating Regionalism102
Administrative Regionalism106
Fiscal Regionalism109
Structural Regionalism119
8Metropolitan Issues125
The Role of Metropolitan Structure - Race and Economics126
The Role of Structure - Maintaining Fiscal Equity between Jurisdictions130
References145
Index153

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