The Regional Governing Of Metropolitan America / Edition 1

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Overview


The book explores the regional governing of metropolitan America in a comprehensive and systematic fashion. It reviews the financial system of state and local government at the broadest possible level—the national level—and explores the relationships between the federal government, the 50 state governments, and the 86,000 local governments that constitute the United States system. It assesses and identifies the fundamentally different purposes, organizational designs, and powers of the several forms and types of local government—counties, municipalities (both cities and towns), and special districts.Although defined for statistical purposes by the federal government, metropolitan areas can be used to begin to understand how metropolitan regions in the United States are responding to the governance needs of their areas. The book compares and contrasts variations in the governing structures of metropolitan systems in the United States. It introduces the Metropolitan Power Diffusion Index (MPDI), a scale that measures the distribution of local government power for each metropolitan area in the United States. The scale also is used to assess changes in the diffusion of power over the later quarter of the 20th century. The book overviews the classic debate that has raged for the last 50 years over how metropolitan areas in the United States ought to be organized. One view, which I call the "region as organic whole", sees the metropolitan region as formally organized to explicitly serve the purposes of the region as it competes with other metropolitan regions throughout the world in pursuit of economic development. The second view, which I call the "polycentric region”, views the metropolitan region as a diverse set of personal choices in which citizens choose to reside in places that match their personal preferences. Global competitiveness results from creating an environment that encourages private enterprise and entrepreneurship. The book explores, in detail, cooperative strategies that have been developed to govern the metropolitan areas of the United States. It identifies and presents four types of approaches. Those types are: coordinating regionalism; administrative regionalism; fiscal regionalism; and structural regionalism. Each of these strategies can be found to one degree or another in each of the metropolitan regions in the United States. Finally, the book explores problems or issues that arise as a result of the structuring of government systems in metropolitan areas. It pays particular attention to the issues of regional economic performance, racial segregation and fiscal equity between local government jurisdictions.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Following an introductory chapter on the governing of metropolitan regions in the U.S., Miller (public and international affairs, U. of Pittsburgh) examines several aspects of regional government. Coverage includes the financial system of state and local governments, defining local government, differences in state systems and metropolitan areas, a comparison of variations in the design of metropolitan systems throughout the U.S., the debate over how metropolitan areas in the U.S. should be organized, existing regional strategies for governing metropolitan areas in the U.S., and problems and issues arising as a result of structuring of government systems in metropolitan areas (with particular attention to racial segregation and fiscal equity between jurisdictions). Academic but accessible to the general reader interested in regional governance issues. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813398075
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2002
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 176
  • Product dimensions: 0.41 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author


David Y. Miller received his Ph.D in Public Policy and Analysis from the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of several papers focusing on regional governance, regional financing of urban services, and municipal fiscal distress. His current research pursuit is identifying how different political sub-cultures in American society shape the development of regional solutions to local problems. Dr. Miller has served as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget for the City of Pittsburgh, and Managing Director of the Pennsylvania Economy League. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Local Government Academy, The Three Rivers Labor Management Committee, Conflict Resolution Center International, and as the advisor to the Government Finance Officers Association Budget and Finance Committee. David Y. Miller is an associate dean and associate professor with the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh.
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Table of Contents

Tables and Illustrations
Acknowledgments
1 Introduction 1
2 Financial Overview of the State and Local Governments System 11
State and Local Revenues 11
State and Local Expenditures 15
3 Defining Types of Local Government 19
County Government 21
Municipal Governments 25
Special/School District Government 41
Activities of Counties and Municipalities 47
4 Metropolitan Regions in the United States 51
Definition of Metropolitan Regions 51
Variation in Metropolitan Regions 54
5 Difference in State Systems and Metropolitan Areas 59
The Descriptive Analysis 62
The Explanatory Analysis 67
The Metropolitan Power Diffusion Index 75
6 The Classic Debate in the Organization of Metropolitan Regions 89
The Metropolitan Region as an Organic Whole 90
The Polycentric Region 94
7 Defining Regionalism and Approaches to Regionalism 99
Coordinating Regionalism 102
Administrative Regionalism 106
Fiscal Regionalism 109
Structural Regionalism 119
8 Metropolitan Issues 125
The Role of Metropolitan Structure - Race and Economics 126
The Role of Structure - Maintaining Fiscal Equity between Jurisdictions 130
References 145
Index 153
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