Regulation of Tissue pH in Plants and Animals: A Reappraisal of Current Techniquesby S. Egginton, Edwin W. Taylor, J. A. Raven
Pub. Date: 08/18/2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The maintenance of a stable acid-base status within biological tissue is a fundamental homeostatic process in all organisms, necessary to preserve the metabolic function of proteins and other macromolecules. This volume brings together contributions from leading comparative physiologists working on factors affecting the acid-base status of the internal fluids of animals and plants. The result is a broad-ranging, authoritative and accessible review of the most recent and exciting discoveries in this area, together with a critical look at current techniques and tools. A broad range of researchers in the life sciences will find this to be a valuable resource.
Table of Contents
List of contributors; Preface; 1. Measurement of intracellular pH: a comparison between ion-sensitive microelectrodes and fluorescent dyes C. J. Schwiening; 2. pH-sensitive microelectrodes: how to use them in plant cells H. H. Felle; 3. The use of nuclear magnetic resonance for examining pH in living system Stephen T. Kinsey and Timothy S. Moerland; 4. Invasive studies of intracellular acid-base parameters: quantitative analyses during environmental and functional stress H. O. Portner and F. J. Sartoris; 5. Lactate, H+ and ammonia transport and distribution in rainbow trout white muscle after exhaustive exercise Chris M. Wood and Yuxiang Wang; 6. Limiting factors for acid-base regulation in fish: branchial transfer capacity versus diffusive loss of acid-base relevant ions Norbert Heisler; 7. H+-mediated control of ion channels in guard cells of higher plants Michael R. Blatt and Alexander Grabov; 8. pH regulation of plants with CO2-concentrating mechanisms J. A. Raven; 9. Intracellular pH regulation in plants under anoxia R. G. Ratcliffe; 10. The role of turtle shell in acid-base buffering Donald C. Jackson; 11. Acid-base regulation in crustaceans: the role of bicarbonate ions Nia M. Whitely; 12. A novel role for the gut of seawater teleosts in acid-base balance Rod W. Wilson; 13. pH and smooth muscle: regulation and functional effects Susan Wray, Anthony J. Bullock, Naomi Buttell and Robert A. Duquette; 14. Regulation of pH in vertebrate red blood cells Bruce L. Tufts; 15. Acid-base regulation in hibernation and aestivation Andre Malan; 16. Hepatic metabolism and pH in starvation and refeeding Victor A. Zammit; 17. Back to basics: a plea for a fundamental reappraisal of the representation of acidity and basicity in biological solutions R. Tyler-Jones and E. W. Taylor; Index.
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