Reinforced Concrete and the Modernization of American Building, 1900-1930 [NOOK Book]

Overview

Examining the proliferation of reinforced-concrete construction in the United States after 1900, historian Amy E. Slaton considers how scientific approaches and occupations displaced traditionally skilled labor. The technology of concrete buildings—little studied by historians of engineering, architecture, or industry—offers a remarkable case study in the modernization of American production.

The use of concrete brought to construction the new procedures and priorities of mass ...

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Reinforced Concrete and the Modernization of American Building, 1900-1930

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Overview

Examining the proliferation of reinforced-concrete construction in the United States after 1900, historian Amy E. Slaton considers how scientific approaches and occupations displaced traditionally skilled labor. The technology of concrete buildings—little studied by historians of engineering, architecture, or industry—offers a remarkable case study in the modernization of American production.

The use of concrete brought to construction the new procedures and priorities of mass production. These included a comprehensive application of science to commercial enterprise and vast redistributions of skills, opportunities, credit, and risk in the workplace. Reinforced concrete also changed the American landscape as building buyers embraced the architectural uniformity and simplicity to which the technology was best suited.

Based on a wealth of data that includes university curricula, laboratory and company records, organizational proceedings, blueprints, and promotional materials as well as a rich body of physical evidence such as tools, instruments, building materials, and surviving reinforced-concrete buildings, this book tests the thesis that modern mass production in the United States came about not simply in answer to manufacturers' search for profits, but as a result of a complex of occupational and cultural agendas.

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Editorial Reviews

Robert Friedel
Solidly researched, clearly and soundly argued, Reinforced Concrete and the Modernization of American Building, 1900-1930 is an exciting and provocative contribution to our understanding of the intersections among commerce, technology, and science at the turn of the twentieth century.
Technology and Culture

Well researched and conceptually rich... a superior social history of concrete industrial buildings and the people—from engineers to workers—responsible for them.

American Historical Review
[This] book is powerful; its claims are large and its analysis persuasive... [Slaton's] ability to present the continuities rather than the boundaries should give this book a wide readership; even if you are not interested in reinforced concrete, you should be.

— Gail Cooper

Business History Review
The social effects and cultural influences of a new aesthetic in the built environment that Slaton explores are helpful to business and architectural historians alike... In a sophisticated and analytical vein, Slaton offers an alternative to many accounts of changes in American business that stress a search for productive efficiency driven by managerial innovation.

— Richard Roger

Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians
Well-researched, readable, and informative, the publication will be of interest to those concerned with both the technology and the social history of reinforced-concrete building.

— Howard Newlon, Jr.

Enterprise and Society
[Slaton] makes good use of source material to make the case that forces other than simplistic technical imperatives drove an ideology of modernism within the concrete industry, precipitating conditions mediating the relationship of labor and technology, conditions that differed significantly from those prevalent in the wood and masonry building trades. She drives her point home with conviction.

— Donald C. Jackson

EH.Net
Slaton's work is a sophisticated marriage of sociology and history.

— James B. McSwain

Journal of American History
A valuable contribution to a growing body of literature devoted to the history of the industrial production, design application, and cultural appreciation of modern materials.

— Dennis P. Doordan

American Historical Review - Gail Cooper

[This] book is powerful; its claims are large and its analysis persuasive... [Slaton's] ability to present the continuities rather than the boundaries should give this book a wide readership; even if you are not interested in reinforced concrete, you should be.

Business History Review - Richard Roger

The social effects and cultural influences of a new aesthetic in the built environment that Slaton explores are helpful to business and architectural historians alike... In a sophisticated and analytical vein, Slaton offers an alternative to many accounts of changes in American business that stress a search for productive efficiency driven by managerial innovation.

Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians - Howard Newlon

Well-researched, readable, and informative, the publication will be of interest to those concerned with both the technology and the social history of reinforced-concrete building.

Enterprise and Society - Donald C. Jackson

[Slaton] makes good use of source material to make the case that forces other than simplistic technical imperatives drove an ideology of modernism within the concrete industry, precipitating conditions mediating the relationship of labor and technology, conditions that differed significantly from those prevalent in the wood and masonry building trades. She drives her point home with conviction.

EH.Net - James B. McSwain

Slaton's work is a sophisticated marriage of sociology and history.

Journal of American History - Dennis P. Doordan

A valuable contribution to a growing body of literature devoted to the history of the industrial production, design application, and cultural appreciation of modern materials.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Amy Slaton is an assistant professor of history and politics at Drexel University.

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Table of Contents


Contents:



Introduction: Science and Commerce: Scenes from a Marriage



Chapter 1 Concrete Testing: The Academics at Work

Chapter 2 Science on Site: The Field-Testing and Regulation of Concrete Construction

Chapter 3 Science and the "Fair-Deal": Standards, Specifications, and Commercial Ambition

Chapter 4 The Business of Building: Technological and Managerial Techniques in Concrete Construction

Chapter 5 What "Modern" Meant: Reinforced Concrete and the Social History of Functionalist Design



Conclusion

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