Reinventing Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Project XL

Reinventing Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Project XL

by Alfred A. Professor Marcus, Donald A. Professor Geffen, Ken Professor Sexton
     
 

Project XL (eXcellence and Leadership) was the flagship effort by the Clinton administration for 'cleaner, cheaper, and smarter' regulation. Under Project XL, business promised better performance in exchange for a regulatory approach focused more on results than means, with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) measuring pollution reduction across rather than

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Overview

Project XL (eXcellence and Leadership) was the flagship effort by the Clinton administration for 'cleaner, cheaper, and smarter' regulation. Under Project XL, business promised better performance in exchange for a regulatory approach focused more on results than means, with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) measuring pollution reduction across rather than at individual sources within a facility. Reinventing Environmental Regulation is a compelling account of the breakdown in negotiations to implement Project XL at a tape manufacturing plant of 3M, a company widely recognized as environmentally progressive. Marcus, Geffen, and Sexton discuss the conflicting goals of participants, the influences of personality and organizational culture, and complications caused by changes in 3M's external business environment. They compare the 3M case with EPA negotiations involving Intel, Merck, and Weyerhaeuser, finding similarly contentious, though less fatal disagreements about the meaning of 'superior environmental performance.' In common with other recent proposals, Project XL emphasized cooperative, flexible regulatory approaches. Reinventing Environmental Regulation demonstrates the difficulty of putting these appealing ideas into practice, while offering encouragement for continued innovations.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781891853081
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
08/01/2002
Series:
RFF Press Ser.
Edition description:
1
Pages:
254
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 9.38(h) x 0.88(d)

Table of Contents

1. Environmental Policy in Transition
2. Quid Pro Quo and the Birth of Project XL
3. Conflicting Goals
4. Complicating Factors
5. Drafting the 3M Proposal
6. Gaining EPA Support for the Agreement
7. Trying to Overcome Deadlock: The Practical Impediments
8. Intel, Merck, and Weyerhaeuser: Three XL Projects that Gained Approval
9. Comparing the Approved Projects with 3M's Proposal
10. Roadblocks to Cooperative Solutions
11. Creating a Platform for Experiments
Appendix A: The Comparable Actions Test
Appendix B: Next Steps at 3M-Hutchinson
Appendix C: A More Unambiguous Definition of Superior Environmental Performance?
References
Acknowledgements
Index
About the Authors

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