The Rejection of Consequentialism: A Philosophical Investigation of the Considerations Underlying Rival Moral Conceptions [NOOK Book]

Overview

In contemporary philosophy, substantive moral theories are typically classified as either consequentialist or deontological. Standard consequentialist theories insist, roughly, that agents must always act so as to produce the best available outcomes overall. Standard deontological theories, by contrast, maintain that there are some circumstances where one is permitted but not required to produce the best ...
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The Rejection of Consequentialism: A Philosophical Investigation of the Considerations Underlying Rival Moral Conceptions

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Overview

In contemporary philosophy, substantive moral theories are typically classified as either consequentialist or deontological. Standard consequentialist theories insist, roughly, that agents must always act so as to produce the best available outcomes overall. Standard deontological theories, by contrast, maintain that there are some circumstances where one is permitted but not required to produce the best overall results, and still other circumstances in which one is positively
forbidden to to do.

Classical utilitarianism is the most familiar consequentialist view, but it is widely regarded as an inadequate account of morality. Although Professor Scheffler agrees with this assessment, he also believes that consequentialism seems initially plausible, and that there is a persistent air of paradox surrounding typical deontological views. In this book, therefore, he undertakes to reconsider the rejection of consequentialism.

He argues that it is possible to provide a rationale for the view that agents need not always produce the best possible overall outcomes, and this motivates one departure from consequentialism; but he shows that it is surprisingly difficult to provide a satisfactory rationale for the view that there are times when agents must not produce the best possible overall outcomes. He goes on to argue for a hitherto neglected type of moral conception, according to which agents are always permitted, but
not always required, to produce the best outcomes.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780191519949
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 8/30/1984
  • Series: Clarendon Paperbacks Series
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Revised
  • File size: 277 KB

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 The Project and Its Motivation 1
Ch. 2 Outline of a New Theory of Normative Ethics 14
Ch. 3 The Independence and Distinctness of the Personal Point of View 41
Ch. 4 The Defence of Agent-Centred Restrictions: Intuitions in Search of a Foundation 80
Ch. 5 The Project Reconsidered 115
App. Agent-Centred Restrictions, Rationality, and the Virtues 133
App. Deontology and the Agent: A Reply to Jonathan Bennett 152
App. Prerogatives Without Restrictions 167
Index 193
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