Religion and the American Constitutional Experiment: Third Edition / Edition 3

Religion and the American Constitutional Experiment: Third Edition / Edition 3

by John Witte, Jr., Joel A. Nichols
     
 


Now in a new third edition, this multidisciplinary introduction to American religious liberty surveys the history, theory, law, and comparative analysis of American religious liberty from the earliest colonial period through the latest Supreme Court cases.See more details below

Overview


Now in a new third edition, this multidisciplinary introduction to American religious liberty surveys the history, theory, law, and comparative analysis of American religious liberty from the earliest colonial period through the latest Supreme Court cases.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813344751
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
07/27/2010
Edition description:
Third Edition, Third Edition
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Appendices xi

Preface xiii

Introduction xix

1 The American Experiment in Historical Context 1

The First Millennium 3

The Papal Revolution 6

The Protestant Reformation 9

Religious Establishment versus Religious Freedom 12

Colonization and Experimentation 14

2 The Theology and Politics of the Religion Clauses 21

Puritan Views 22

Evangelical Views 26

Enlightenment Views 29

Republican Views 33

Summary and Conclusions 36

3 The Essential Rights and Liberties of Religion 41

Liberty of Conscience 41

Free Exercise of Religion 45

Religious Pluralism 46

Religious Equality 49

Separation of Church and State 51

Disestablishment of Religion 57

Interdependence of Principles 63

4 Forging the First Amendment Religion Clauses 71

Religion and the Continental Congress 71

The 1787 Constitutional Convention 76

Ratification and Proposed Amendments 79

Drafting the First Amendment Religion Clauses 81

"Original Intent": Interpreting the Final Text 89

Summary and Conclusions 103

5 Religious Liberty in the States Before 1947 and the Creation of a New National Law on Religious Liberty 109

Liberty of Conscience and Free Exercise 110

Religious Pluralism and Equality 113

Separation of Church and State 114

No Establishment of Religion 115

Faith, Freedom, and the Frontier 118

Fundamental Religious Liberty and Incorporation 122

Summary and Conclusions 127

6 The Free Exercise of Religion 131

Mapping Free Exercise Doctrine 132

Free Exercise and Polygamy (1879-1890) 140

Free Exercise and Conscientious Objection (1918-1971) 143

Freedom and Equality of Religious Expression (1940-2002) 145

Liberty of Conscience and Free Exercise Exemptions (1943-1989) 150

Neutralizing the Free Exercise Clause (1982-1993) 155

Free Exercise in the Age of Statutes 160

Summary and Conclusions 162

7 Modern Establishment Law: Mapping the Doctrinal Terrain 169

Bringing an Establishment Clause Case 170

Mapping the Establishment Clause Cases 173

Summary and Conclusions 186

8 Religion and Public Education: No Establishment of Religion, but Equal Access for Religion 191

Separationist Cases (1948-1987) 192

Equal Access Cases (1981-2001) 198

Summary and Conclusions 204

9 Government and Religious Education: Accommodation, Separation, and Equal Treatment 207

Accommodationist Cases (1908-1986) 208

Separationist Cases (1971-1985) 210

Equal Treatment Cases (1983-2004) 214

Summary and Conclusions 220

10 Religion and Public Life 223

Sabbath Day Rules (1961) 224

Legislative Chaplains (1983) 226

Religious Symbols (1984-2010) 227

Summary and Conclusions 237

11 Religious Organizations and the Law 241

Religious Polity and Structures 243

Religious Property Disputes 244

Employment, Taxation, and More 253

Summary and Conclusions 259

12 Toward an Integration of Religious Liberty: The American Experiment in International Context 263

International Norms and the Constitution 265

The International Framework of Religious Liberty 271

International Norms and American Laws Compared 276

Summary and Conclusions 282

Concluding Reflections 287

Appendix 1 Drafts of Federal Religion Clauses (1787-1789) 295

Appendix 2 State Constitutional Provisions on Religion (as of 1947) 299

Appendix 3 United States Supreme Court Decisions Relating to Religious Liberty 305

Index 339

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