Religion and the American Presidency: George Washington to George W. Bush with Commentary and Primary Sources

Religion and the American Presidency: George Washington to George W. Bush with Commentary and Primary Sources

by Gaston Espinosa
     
 

This book challenges the idea that the mixing of religion and presidential politics is a new phenomenon. It explores how presidents have drawn on their religious upbringing, rhetoric, ideas, and beliefs to promote their domestic and foreign policies to the nation. This influence is evident in Washington's decision to add "so help me God" to the presidential oath,

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Overview

This book challenges the idea that the mixing of religion and presidential politics is a new phenomenon. It explores how presidents have drawn on their religious upbringing, rhetoric, ideas, and beliefs to promote their domestic and foreign policies to the nation. This influence is evident in Washington's decision to add "so help me God" to the presidential oath, accusations by Adam's supporters that Jefferson was an infidel, Lincoln's biblical metaphors during the Civil War, and FDR's call to fight against Nazi totalitarianism on behalf of Judeo-Christian civilization. It is also apparent in Truman's support for Israel, Eisenhower's Cold War decision to include "In God We Trust" on American currency, the debate over JFK's Catholicism, Jimmy Carter's born-again Christianity, Reagan's "Evil Empire" speech, Clinton's public repentance, and George W. Bush's "crusade" against Islamic terrorists.

This volume explores these issues of religion and power in the presidencies of Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Lincoln, FDR, Truman, Eisenhower, JFK, Carter, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush through scholarly interpretations, primary sources, and illustrations.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900231143331
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
04/28/2009
Series:
Columbia Series on Religion and Politics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
528

Table of Contents

Preface xii

Introduction 1

Chapter I Religion and the Presidency of George Washington Daniel L. Dreisbach Jeffry H. Morrison 47

Religious Writings of George Washington 76

1 Excerpts of the General Military Orders and Appointment of Chaplains to the Continental Army, July 9, 1776, June 8, 1777, and April 12, 1779 76

2 Excerpt of the Letter to the United Baptist Churches of Virginia, May 1789 77

3 Excerpt of the Letter to the General Assembly of Presbyterian Churches May 1789 78

4 Excerpt of the Letter to the Directors of the Society of the United Brethren [Moravian] for the Propagating of the Gospel Among the Heathen, July 10, 1789 79

5 Thanksgiving Day Proclamation, October 3, 1789 79

6 Excerpt of the Letter to the Annual Meeting of Quakers, October 1789 80

7 Excerpt of the Letter to the Roman Catholics, March 15, 1790 81

8 Excerpt of the Letter to the Hebrew Congregation of Newport, Rhode Island, August 17, 1790 82

9 Excerpt on Religion and Morality from George Washington's Farewell Address, September 19, 1796 83

10 Excerpt of Second Proclamation of Thanksgiving and Prayer, February 17, 1797 84

11 Excerpt of the Letter to the Protestant Clergy of Philadelphia, March 3, 1797 85

Chapter II Religion and the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson Thomas E. Buckley, S.J. 87

Religious Writings of Thomas Jefferson 104

1 The Virginia Act for Establishing Religious Freedom, 1786 104

2 Excerpt of the Letter to the Danbury Baptist Association, January 1, 1802 106

3 Letter to Dr. Benjamin Rush and Syllabus of an Estimate of the Merit of the Doctrines of Jesus Compared with Those of Others, April 21, 1803 106

Chapter III Religion and the Presidency of James MadisonGarrett Ward Sheldon 111

Religious Writings of James Madison 140

1 Excerpt of the Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessments in Virginia, June 20, 1785 140

2 National Day of Public Humiliation and Prayer, July 9, 1812 145

3 Letter to Jasper Adams, Spring 1832 146

Chapter IV Religion and the Presidency of Abraham Lincoln Andrew R. Murphy 151

Religious Writings of Abraham Lincoln 177

1 Handbill Replying to Charges of Infidelity, July 31, 1846 177

2 Fragment on Pro-slavery Theology, ca. October 1, 1858 178

3 Mediation on the Divine Will, September 1862 179

4 General Order Respecting the Observance of the Sabbath Day in the Army and Navy, November 15, 1862 179

5 Proclamation Appointing a National Fast Day, March 30, 1863 180

6 Excerpt on Religion from the Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865 181

Chapter V Religion and the Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Gary Scott Smith 185

Religion Writings of Franklin Delano Roosevelt 211

1 Excerpt of the Address to the National Conference of Catholic Charities, October 4, 1933 211

2 Address to the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, December 6, 1933 213

3 Excerpt of the Statement on the Four Hundredth Anniversary of the Printing of the English Bible, October 6, 1935 214

4 Excerpt of the Annual Message to Congress, January 4, 1939 215

5 Prayer on D-Day, June 6, 1944 216

Chapter VI Religion and the Presidency of Harry S. Truman Elizabeth Edwards Spalding 219

Religious Writings of Harry S. Truman 243

1 Excerpt from the Exchange of Messages with Pope Pius XII, August 28, 1947 243

2 Excerpt of Address Given at a Luncheon of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, November 11, 1949 244

3 Remarks Upon Lighting the National Community Christmas Tree, December 24, 1952 247

Chapter VII Religion and the Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower Jerry Bergman 251

Religious Writings of Dwight D. Eisenhower 278

1 Remarks Broadcast as Part of the American Legion "Back to God" Program, February 7, 1954 278

2 Statement by the President Upon Signing a Bill to Include the Words "Under God" in the Pledge to the Flag, June 14, 1954 279

3 Remarks Made at the Annual Breakfast of the International Council for Christian Leadership, February 2, 1956 280

Chapter VIII Religion and the Presidency of John F. Kennedy Thomas J. Carty 283

Religious Writings of John F. Kennedy 310

1 Excerpt from Independence Day Speech, Boston, Massachusetts, July 4, 1946 310

2 Address to the Greater Houston Ministerial Association, Houston, Texas, September 12, 1960 313

3 Remarks Made at the Eleventh Annual Presidential Prayer Breakfast, Washington, D.C., February 7, 1963 317

Chapter IX Religion and the Presidency of Jimmy Carter Kenneth E. Morris 321

Religious Writings of Jimmy Carter 345

1 National Prayer Breakfast Remarks, January 27, 1977 345

2 Excerpt of Remarks Made at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, August 30, 1979 348

3 Question-and-Answer Session at a Presidential Campaign Town Hall Meeting, Memphis, Tennessee, October 31, 1980 350

Chapter X Religion and the Presidency of Ronald Reagan Paul Kengor 355

Religious Writings of Ronald Reagan 382

1 Proclamation 4844-Jewish Heritage Week, May 1, 1981 382

2 Excerpt of Remarks Made at the Annual Convention of the National Religious Broadcasters, January 31, 1983 383

3 Remarks Made at the Annual Convention of the National Association of Evangelicals, Orlando, Florida, March 8, 1983 387

Chapter XI Religion and the Presidency of George H. W. Bush Kjell O. Lejon 395

Religious Writings of George H. W. Bush 424

1 Excerpt of Remarks Made at the Annual Convention of the National Religious Broadcasters, January 28, 1991 424

2 Proclamation 6508-Thanksgiving Day, November 20, 1992 428

Chapter XII Religion and the Presidency of William Jefferson Clinton Gastón Espinosa 431

Religious Writings of William Jefferson Clinton 470

1 Excerpt of Remarks Made at the Ministers' Leadership Conference at Willow Creek Community Church, South Barrington, Illinois, August 10, 2000 470

Chapter XIII Religion and the Presidency of George W. Bush David Aikman 477

Religious Writings of George W. Bush 503

1 Excerpt from the Sermon "Faith: Our Heritage, Our Hope," Second Baptist Church, Houston, Texas, March 6, 1999 503

2 Remarks to the American Jewish Committee, May 3, 2001 507

3 Remarks Made at the Islamic Center of Washington, D.C., September 17, 2001 510

4 President Bush Discusses Faith-Based Initiative with Urban Leaders, Washington, D.C., July 16, 2003 512

Conclusion 514

List of Contributors 523

Index 000

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