The Religion of Java

( 1 )


Written with a rare combination of analysis and speculation, this comprehensive study of Javanese religion is one of the few books on the religion of a non-Western people which emphasizes variation and conflict in belief as well as similarity and harmony. The reader becomes aware of the intricacy and depth of Javanese spiritual life and the problems of political and social integration reflected in the religion.

The Religion of Java will interest specialists in Southeast Asia, ...

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Written with a rare combination of analysis and speculation, this comprehensive study of Javanese religion is one of the few books on the religion of a non-Western people which emphasizes variation and conflict in belief as well as similarity and harmony. The reader becomes aware of the intricacy and depth of Javanese spiritual life and the problems of political and social integration reflected in the religion.

The Religion of Java will interest specialists in Southeast Asia, anthropologists and sociologists concerned with the social analysis of religious belief and ideology, students of comparative religion, and civil servants dealing with governmental policy toward Indonesia and Southeast Asia.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226285108
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/1976
  • Edition description: Digital Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 392
  • Sales rank: 1,073,628
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Clifford Geertz is the Harold S. Linder Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He is the author of many books, including Islam Observed and Peddlars and Princes and, with Hildred Geertz, Kinship in Bali (all published by the University of Chicago Press).

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Table of Contents

Part One: The "Abangan" Variant
1. The Slametan Communal Feast as a Core Ritual The Slametan Pattern The Meaning of the Slametan
2. Spirit Beliefs
Memedis: Frightening Spirits
Lelembuts: Possessing Spirits
Tujuls: Familiar Spirits
Demits: Place Spirits
Danjangs: Guardian Spirits The Meaning of Spirit Beliefs
3. The Slametan Cycles
Petungan: The Javanese Numerological System Costs of Slametans
4. The Slametan Cycles: Birth
5. The Slametan Cycles: Circumcision and Marriage Circumcision: Sunatan
Marriage: Kepanggihan
Social and Economic Aspects of Circumcision and Wedding Ceremonies
6. The Slametan Cycles: Death Funerals: Lajatan
Beliefs and Attitudes concerning Death
7. The Slametan Cycles: Calendrical, Village, and Intermittent Slametans
Calendrical Slametans
The Village Slametan: Bersih Désa
Intermittent Slametans
8. Curing, Sorcery, and Magic The Dukun: Curer, Sorcerer, and Ceremonial Specialist Curing Techniques Theory of Disease and Curing The Possessed Curer: Dukun Tiban
Secondary Curing Methods: Magic, Drugs, and Western Medicine Sorcery
9. Permai: A Modern Abangan Cult
Part Two: The "Santri" Variant
10. Santri versus Abangan Islam: A General Introduction The Development of Islam in Indonesia Santri versus Abangan: General Differences
11. The Development of Islam in Modjokuto The Rise of Modernism: 1910-1940
The Japanese Period: 1942-1945
The Republican Period: 1945 to Present
12. Conservative versus Modern: The Ideological Background Fate versus Self-Determination Totalistic versus Narrowed Religion Syncretic versus Puristic Islam Religious Experience versus Religious Behavior Custom and Scholasticism versus Pragmatism and Rationalism Conservative and Modern Islam and the Traditional Javanese Religious Outlook
13. Patterns of Internal Organization of the Santri Community Political-Religious Leadership Political-Religious Activity Political-Religious Organization Conservative versus Modern: A Balanced Opposition
14. The Santri Educational System
Pondok: The Traditional Pattern
Langgar and Mosque: The Local Santri Community
Tarékat: Traditional Islamic Mysticism
Pondok to Sekolah: The Santri Educational System in Modjokuto The Pondok Pattern in Modjokuto
Madrasah: The Conservative School in Modjokuto The Modern Religious School in Modjokuto Religion in the Public Schools in Modjokuto
15. The Administration of the Moslem Law: Islam and the State in Modjokuto The General Organization of the Ministry of Religion The Local Organization of the Ministry of Religion Marriage and Divorce Religious Foundations and the Pilgrimage Religious Foundations and the Pilgrimage Religious Propaganda and Village Religious Officials The Ministry of Religion and the Santri Political Parties The Islamic State: The Santri Approach to the Problem of Church and State
16. The Santri Ritual Pattern The Prayers The Friday Service The Fast
Part Three: The "Prijaji" Variant
17. The Background and General Dimensions of Prijaji Belief and Etiquette The Development of a "Great Tradition"
Gentry and Peasantry in Java Basic Concepts in the Prijaji World-View
Prijaji versus Abangan: General Differences Literati versus Intelligentsia The General Dimensions of Prijaji Belief The Role of Etiquette Linguistic Etiquette
18. The Role of Classical Art
Wajang: The Shadow Play
Wajang Stories
Prijaji versus Abangan Views of the Wajang
Prijaji Interpretations of the Wajang
The Gamelan: Javanese Music The Tembang: Javanese Poetry The Djoged: Javanese Dance
Batik: Javanese Textile Dyeing Classical Javanese Art: Summary
19. The Role of Popular Art Popular Drama: Wajang Wong, Ketoprak, and Ludrug
Street Dancers: Kledek, Djaranan, and Djanggrung
The Tajuban: A Javanese Party Folktales Contemporary Art Orchestras and Popular Singers Contemporary Literature, Drama, and Motion Pictures Contemporary Art and the Emerging "Youth Culture"
20. Mysticism The Theory of Mysticism The Inner Connection between Happiness and Unhappiness The Fundamental Religious Equation The Search for Ultimate Enlightenment and "This-Worldly"Mysticism Mystical Discipline Metaphysical Psychology The Teacher (Guru) -Student (Murid) Pattern The Underlying Identity of Individuals and the Organic Theory of Social Organization Religious Relativism
21. The Mystical Sects Budi Setia Sumarah Kawruh Bedja Ilmu Sedjati Kawruh Kasunjatan The Social Implications of the Mystical Sects
Part Four: Conclusion: Conflict and Integration
22. Conflict and Integration Religion and Society in Modjokuto Religion and Social Conflict Ideological Conflicts Class Conflicts Political Conflicts Psychological Factors Religion and Social Integration Traditionalism and the Inherited Common Culture Nationalism and the Projection of a New Common Culture Mixed Types and Marginal Groups: Social Structural Factors Tolerance and Pluralistic Social Integration The Holidays--Ceremonies of Social Integration and Conflict National Holidays
Rijaja: The End of the Fast Holiday Appendix: A Note on Methods of Work Subject and Author Index Index of Javanese and Indonesian Terms Maps

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 22, 2003

    Good Background

    This is a great book for general information. It provides excellent general information about Javanese culture. However it is extremely outdated.

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