Religion on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents

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From the internationally renowned Scopes "Monkey Trial" of 1925, which pitted a public school teacher arrested for teaching evolution against the state of Tennessee, Religion on Trial chronicles key court cases that have shaped the tumultuous relationship between church and state throughout U.S. history.

This volume chronicles such groundbreaking cases as the 1991 decision ordering blood transfusions for children of Christian Scientists in Norwood Hospital v. Munoz and the infamous case, Engel v. Vitale, that banned prayer in schools and ignited calls for Chief Justice Earl Warren's impeachment. The work addresses such inflammatory contemporary disputes as prayer in schools, allegiance to the flag, and the display of religious symbols on public property, and the impact they have had on American society.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Serve[s] a useful purpose by familiarizing a general audience with the many perplexing aspects of church-state issues. . . The author is to be commended for his disinterested treatment of many emotionally charged issues."


American Reference Books Annual

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781851094912
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/12/2003
  • Series: On Trial Series
  • Pages: 344
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Table of Contents

Series Foreword
1 Introduction 3
The First Amendment 4
The Wall of Separation 5
Areas of Legal Conflict 7
The U.S. Legal System 12
2 Historical Background 19
The Christian Church in Europe 19
The Reformation 22
The Colonial Experience 26
The Constitution 31
The Nineteenth Century 33
Post-Civil War Amendments to the U.S. Constitution 34
The Twentieth Century 36
Social Issues 42
Medical Issues 43
Religion in Public Schools 45
Teaching Evolution 52
Equal Access 54
Aid to Parochial and Religious Schools 55
Entanglements 59
Conclusion 61
3 Cases 63
Minersville School District v. Gobitis 64
The Antievolution Statute Cases 69
Lynch v. Donnelly 79
Engel v. Vitale (The "Regents School Prayer Case") 83
Application of the President and Directors of Georgetown College 88
Employment Division v. Smith 94
4 Legacy and Impact 99
The Pledge Cases 100
The Antievolution Statute Cases 106
Lynch v. Donnelly 109
Schools and Religion 111
Application of the President and Directors of Georgetown College 130
Norwood Hospital v. Munoz 131
Employment Division v. Smith 137
Documents 145
Court Cases 145
Historical Documents 196
Proposed Constitutional Amendments 215
Key People, Laws, and Concepts 219
Chronology 259
Table of Cases 291
App Supreme Court Justices since 1900 295
Annotated Bibliography 297
Index 311
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