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The Religious Enlightenment: Protestants, Jews, and Catholics from London to Vienna
     

The Religious Enlightenment: Protestants, Jews, and Catholics from London to Vienna

by David Sorkin
 

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ISBN-10: 0691149372

ISBN-13: 9780691149370

Pub. Date: 05/15/2011

Publisher: Princeton University Press

In intellectual and political culture today, the Enlightenment is routinely celebrated as the starting point of modernity and secular rationalism, or demonized as the source of a godless liberalism in conflict with religious faith. In The Religious Enlightenment, David Sorkin alters our understanding by showing that the Enlightenment, at its heart, was

Overview

In intellectual and political culture today, the Enlightenment is routinely celebrated as the starting point of modernity and secular rationalism, or demonized as the source of a godless liberalism in conflict with religious faith. In The Religious Enlightenment, David Sorkin alters our understanding by showing that the Enlightenment, at its heart, was religious in nature.

Sorkin examines the lives and ideas of influential Protestant, Jewish, and Catholic theologians of the Enlightenment, such as William Warburton in England, Moses Mendelssohn in Prussia, and Adrien Lamourette in France, among others. He demonstrates that, in the century before the French Revolution, the major religions of Europe gave rise to movements of renewal and reform that championed such hallmark Enlightenment ideas as reasonableness and natural religion, toleration and natural law. Calvinist enlightened orthodoxy, Jewish Haskalah, and reform Catholicism, to name but three such movements, were influential participants in the eighteenth century's burgeoning public sphere and promoted a new ideal of church-state relations. Sorkin shows how they pioneered a religious Enlightenment that embraced the new science of Copernicus and Newton and the philosophy of Descartes, Locke, and Christian Wolff, uniting reason and revelation to renew faith and piety.

This book reveals how Enlightenment theologians refashioned belief as a solution to the dogmatism and intolerance of previous centuries. Read it and you will never view the Enlightenment the same way.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691149370
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
05/15/2011
Series:
Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
360
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xi
List of Maps xii
Preface xiii

Introduction 1
Enlightenment or Enlightenments? 3
The Religious Enlightenment 5
Reasonableness 11
Toleration 14
The Public Sphere 16
State Nexus 18
The Enlightenment Spectrum 19

Chapter One: BRANT BROUGHTON, LONDON, GLOUCESTER
William Warburton's "Heroic Moderation" 23
Natural Right and Toleration 31
History 39
Established Religion 53
Justifi cation, Philosophy, and Science 54
Secular Culture 61
Moderation in Decline 64
Conclusion 65

Chapter Two: GENEVA
Jacob Vernet's "Middle Way" 67
Theology 76
Politics 85
The Enlightenment and the Philosophes 97
Geneva Transformed 109

Chapter Three: HALLE
Siegmund Jacob Baumgarten's "Vital Knowledge" 113
"The Union with God" 128
Exegesis 136
History, Sacred and Secular 142
Natural Right and Toleration 152
Neology and the State 158

Chapter Four: BERLIN
Moses Mendelssohn's "Vital Script" 165
Intellectual Renewal: Philosophy 176
Intellectual Renewal: Exegesis 180
"Civic Ac cep tance" and "Divine Legislation" 193
"The Socrates of Berlin" 206
Haskalah and Beyond 208
Conclusion 212

Chapter Five: VIENNA- LINZ
Joseph Valentin Eybel's "Reasonable Doctrine" 215
Church Law 228
Linz and Joseph II 237
"True Devotion" 249
Revolution 254
Conclusion 258

Chapter Six: TOUL- PARIS- LYON
Adrien Lamourette's "Luminous Side of Faith" 261
Where France Differed 263
Catholicism 266
The 1780s 269
Theology 274
Revolution, 1789-91 282
Revolution, 1791-94 296
Conclusion 307

Epilogue 311
Glossary 315
Index 319

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