Religious Policy in the Soviet Union

Religious Policy in the Soviet Union

by Sabrina Petra Ramet
     
 

Church-state relations have undergone a number of changes during the seven decades of the existence of the Soviet Union. In the 1920s the state was politically and financially weak and its edicts often ignored, but the 1930s saw the beginning of an era of systematic anti-religious persecution. There was some relaxation in the last decade of Stalin's rule, but under… See more details below

Overview

Church-state relations have undergone a number of changes during the seven decades of the existence of the Soviet Union. In the 1920s the state was politically and financially weak and its edicts often ignored, but the 1930s saw the beginning of an era of systematic anti-religious persecution. There was some relaxation in the last decade of Stalin's rule, but under Khrushchev the pressure on the Church was again stepped up. In the Brezhnev period this was moderated to a policy of slow strangulation of religion, and Gorbachev's leadership has seen a thorough liberalization and re-legitimation of religion. This book brings together fifteen of the West's leading scholars of religion in the USSR, and provides the most comprehensive analysis of the subject yet undertaken. Bringing much hitherto unknown material to light, the authors discuss the policy apparatus, programmes of atheisation and socialisation, cults and sects, and the world of Christianity.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521022309
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
11/10/2005
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.87(d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

Notes on contributors
Preface
Pt. IIntroduction
1A survey of Soviet religious policy3
2Religious policy in the era of Gorbachev31
Pt. IIPolicy apparatus
3The Council for Religious Affairs55
4Some reflections about religious policy under Kharchev84
5The state, the church, and the oikumene: the Russian Orthodox Church and the World Council of Churches, 1948-1985105
Pt. IIIEducation, socialisation, and values
6Fear no evil: schools and religion in Soviet Russia, 1917-1941125
7Soviet schools, atheism and religion158
8The Ten Commandments as values in Soviet people's consciousness187
9Out of the kitchen, out of the temple: religion, atheism and women in the Soviet Union206
Pt. IVCults and sects
10Dilemmas of the spirit: religion and atheism in the Yakut-Sakha Republic231
11The spread of modern cults in the USSR252
Pt. VThe world of Christianity
12The Russian Orthodox Renovationist Movement and its Russian historiography during the Soviet period273
13The re-emergence of the Ukrainian (Greek) Catholic Church in the USSR292
14Protestantism in the USSR319
15Epilogue: religion after the collapse350
Appendix: Religious groups numbering 2,000 or more, in the USSR355
Index357

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