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Religious Therapeutics: Body and Health in Yoga, Ayurveda, and Tantra / Edition 1
     

Religious Therapeutics: Body and Health in Yoga, Ayurveda, and Tantra / Edition 1

by Gregory P. Fields
 

ISBN-10: 0791449165

ISBN-13: 9780791449165

Pub. Date: 03/28/2001

Publisher: State University of New York Press

Explores the relationship between health and religion based on the model offered by the Hindu traditions of Yoga, Ayurveda, and Tantra.

Religious Therapeutics explores the relationship between psychophysical health and spiritual health and presents a model for interpreting connections between religion and medicine in world traditions. This model emerges

Overview

Explores the relationship between health and religion based on the model offered by the Hindu traditions of Yoga, Ayurveda, and Tantra.

Religious Therapeutics explores the relationship between psychophysical health and spiritual health and presents a model for interpreting connections between religion and medicine in world traditions. This model emerges from the work's investigation of health and religiousness in classical Yoga, Ayurveda, and Tantra—three Hindu traditions noteworthy for the central role they accord the body. Author Gregory P. Fields compares Anglo-European and Indian philosophies of body and health and uses fifteen determinants of health excavated from texts of ancient Hindu medicine to show that health concerns the person, not the body or body/mind alone. This book elucidates multifaceted views of health, and—in the context of spirituality and healing—explores themes such as mental health, meditation, and music.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791449165
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
03/28/2001
Series:
SUNY Series in Religious Studies Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
238
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tablesix
Acknowledgmentsxi
Symbols and Notes on Sourcesxiii
Abbreviationsxv
Introduction: The Idea of Religious Therapeutics1
Religion and Medicine2
A Model of Religious Therapeutics6
Chapter 1Body and Philosophies of Healing11
Body in Western Philosophy of Medicine11
Presuppositions about the Body11
Descartes on Body and Medicine14
Body in the History of Western Medicine17
Iconoclastic Concepts of Body in Yoga, Tantra, and Ayurveda21
Traditional Indian Views of Person and Body21
Yoga's Use of the Body to Transcend Itself27
Tantra's Enlightenable Body29
Body as the Ground of Well-being in Ayurveda36
Chapter 2Meanings of Health in Ayurveda45
Inquiry into Health47
Determinants of Health50
Biological and Ecological Determinants50
Life, Development, and Longevity
Equilibrium
Adaptation
Non-susceptibility
Vitality, Endurance, and Relaxation
Medical and Psychological Determinants58
Normality
Freedom from Pain
Wholeness and Integration
Awareness and Mental Clarity
Socio-cultural and Aesthetic Determinants69
Relationality
Creativity
Generativity
Enjoyment
Metaphysical and Religious Determinants75
Self-identity
Freedom
Ayurvedic Religious Therapeutics78
Chapter 3Classical Yoga as a Religious Therapeutic83
Meanings and Forms of Yoga85
Meanings of 'Yoga'85
Yoga in the Vedas, Upanisads, and Bhagavadgita87
Yoga in the Vedas
Yoga in the Upanisads
Yoga in the Bhagavadgita
Traditions of Yoga Practice91
A Matrix of Classical Yoga as a Religious Therapeutic94
Metaphysical and Epistemic Foundations94
Yoga's Therapeutic Paradigm
Yoga's Diagnosis of the Human Condition
The Yogic Remedy
Soteriology99
Self-realization by Healing the Afflictions (Klesas)
Value Theory and Ethics: Health and the Good in Yoga105
First Limb: Moral Self-restraints--Yama
Second Limb: Moral Commitments--Niyama
Physical Practice: The Soteriological Role of Body and Health in Yoga112
Third Limb: Postures--Asana
Fourth Limb: Regulation of Vital Energy Through Breath--Pranayama
Fifth Limb: Withdrawal of the Senses--Pratyahara
Cultivation of Consciousness: The Polarity of Samadhi and Vyadhi (Illness)122
Sixth Limb: Concentration--Dharana
Seventh Limb: Meditation--Dhyana
Eighth Limb: Meditative Trance--Samadhi
Liberation as Healing in Classical Yoga131
Healing and Yoga's Therapeutic Paradigm131
Wholeness and Holiness134
Identity and Freedom136
Chapter 4Tantra and Aesthetic Therapeutics139
Body and Tantric Yogas140
Features of Tantric Practice140
Sexuality in Tantra143
Kundalini Yoga146
Mantra Yoga149
Aesthetic Therapeutics in Tantra153
Therapeutic Elements of Tantra154
Sacred Music155
Sacred Music as a Religious Therapeutic157
How Is Sacred Music Therapeutic?159
Breath, Music, and Healing160
Body as Instrument of Sacred Music161
Elements of Healing in Sanskrit Chant163
Healing in Identification of Self with Cosmos164
Sound as a Bridge Between Substantial and Non-substantial Being165
Conclusion Community: Relationality in Religious Therapeutics167
Notes175
Sources191
Indices
Subject Index201
Sanskrit Terms211
Index of Names217
Sanskrit Texts221

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