Religious Warfare in Europe, 1400-1536

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Religious warfare has been a recurrent feature of European history. In this intelligent and accessible study, the distinguished Crusade historian Norman Housley examines the spectrum of conflicts waged in God's name in the period from the Hussite wars to the first generation of the Reformation. Exploring the interaction between Crusade and religious war in the broader sense, he argues that the religious violence of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries sprang from deeply rooted proclivities within European society.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...Housely is uniquely qualified to discuss the subject of religious wars,...he succeeds in demonstrating the continuity of ideas linking the crusades of the Middle Ages with the religious violence of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Religious Warfare in Europe is also valuable as a broad historiographical study..."— HISTORY: Reviews of New Books

"What makes Religiious Warfare extraordinarily good and of intest to scholars and students alike in any field is, first and foremost, its uncompromising comparitive perspective. Housley's story ranges from much-neglected central Europe and Iberia to the Ottoman lands, Africa, the New World, and the core lands of western Europe. Housley shifts from case studies to thematic discussions, inviting the reader to examine his conclusions from a variety of perspectives. We must all be grateful indeed to Housley for writing such an intelligent, insightful, and moving book. It illuminates vividly and reflectively one of his eary quotations from Peter Partner: "the violence men do, they seek to justify." Then, as is often done today, men justify violence by the preposterous claim that it is God's will." Speculum

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199552283
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 1/15/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 248
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Norman Housely is a Professor of History at the University of Leicester

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Table of Contents

1 The Subject: Religious Warfare in the Late Middle Ages and Early Reformation 1
1.1 The study of religious warfare: approaches and problems 1
1.2 The contexts of conflict, c.1300-1536 13
2 A Crucible of Religious Warfare: Bohemia During the Hussite Wars, 1400-1436 33
3 The Christian Commonwealth of Europe, 1436-1536 62
3.1 The commonwealth challenged, 1436-1517 62
3.2 The commonwealth divided, 1517-1536 85
4 The Assembling of Authority: Scripture, Messianic Individuals, and Symbols 99
4.1 Texts 101
4.2 Figures 111
4.3 Symbols and communities 116
4.4 Conclusion 129
5 The Three Turks 131
5.1 External Turks: the Ottomans 131
5.2 Internal Turks: 'worse than the Turks' 137
5.3 The interior Turk 149
5.4 The images combined: Thomas More and the Turks 152
6 The Critique of Religious War 160
6.1 The problem of agency 161
6.2 Condemnation 170
6.3 War and conversion 180
6.4 Conclusion 188
7 Conclusion: Perspectives 190
7.1 Religious warfare, 1400-1536 190
7.2 Religious warfare and the Wars of Religion 194
Bibliography 206
Index 227
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