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Remaking America: Democracy and Public Policy in an Age of Inequality
     

Remaking America: Democracy and Public Policy in an Age of Inequality

by Joe Soss
 

ISBN-10: 0871543516

ISBN-13: 9780871543516

Pub. Date: 11/28/2007

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

Over the past three decades, the contours of American social, economic, and political life have changed dramatically. The post-war patterns of broadly distributed economic growth have given way to stark inequalities of income and wealth, the GOP and its allies have gained power and shifted U.S. politics rightward, and the role of government in the lives of

Overview

Over the past three decades, the contours of American social, economic, and political life have changed dramatically. The post-war patterns of broadly distributed economic growth have given way to stark inequalities of income and wealth, the GOP and its allies have gained power and shifted U.S. politics rightward, and the role of government in the lives of Americans has changed fundamentally. Remaking America explores how these trends are related, investigating the complex interactions of economics, politics, and public policy.

Remaking America explains how the broad restructuring of government policy has both reflected and propelled major shifts in the character of inequality and democracy in the United States. The contributors explore how recent political and policy changes affect not just the social standing of Americans but also the character of democratic citizenship in the United States today. Lawrence Jacobs shows how partisan politics, public opinion, and interest groups have shaped the evolution of Medicare, but also how Medicare itself restructured health politics in America. Kimberly Morgan explains how highly visible tax policies created an opportunity for conservatives to lead a grassroots tax revolt that ultimately eroded of the revenues needed for social-welfare programs. Deborah Stone explores how new policies have redefined participation in the labor force—as opposed to fulfilling family or civic obligations—as the central criterion of citizenship. Frances Fox Piven explains how low-income women remain creative and vital political actors in an era in which welfare programs increasingly subject them to stringent behavioral requirements and monitoring. Joshua Guetzkow and Bruce Western document the rise of mass incarceration in America and illuminate its unhealthy effects on state social-policy efforts and the civic status of African-American men.

For many disadvantaged Americans who used to look to government as a source of opportunity and security, the state has become increasingly paternalistic and punitive. Far from standing alone, their experience reflects a broader set of political victories and policy revolutions that have fundamentally altered American democracy and society. Empirically grounded and theoretically informed, Remaking America connects the dots to provide insight into the remarkable social and political changes of the last three decades.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780871543516
Publisher:
Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date:
11/28/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
287
Product dimensions:
6.63(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents


About the Authors     vii
Introduction     1
The New Politics of Inequality: A Policy-Centered Perspective   Jacob S. Hacker   Suzanne Mettler   Joe Soss     3
Policies and Institutions in the New Politics of Inequality     25
Constricting the Welfare State: Tax Policy and the Political Movement Against Government   Kimberly J. Morgan     27
Entrepreneurial Litigation: Advocacy Coalitions and Strategies in the Fragmented American Welfare State   R. Shep Melnick     51
Elite Efforts to Reshape the Political Landscape     75
The Implementation and Evolution of Medicare: The Distributional Effects of "Positive" Policy Feedbacks   Lawrence R. Jacobs     77
A Public Transformed? Welfare Reform as Policy Feedback   Joe Soss   Sanford F. Schram     99
Policies and Participation: The Interplay of Structure and Agency     119
Universalism, Targeting, and Participation   Andrea Louise Campbell     121
Institutions and Agents in the Politics of Welfare Cutbacks   Frances Fox Piven     141
The People that Policies Make: Roles, Identities, and Democracies     157
Policies of Racial Classification and the Politics of Racial Inequality   Jennifer Hochschild   VeslaWeaver     159
Welfare Policy and the Transformation of Care   Deborah Stone     183
The State's New Look: Decentralization, Inequality, and Social Control     203
The Promise of Progressive Federalism   Richard B. Freeman   Joel Rogers     205
The Political Consequences of Mass Imprisonment   Joshua Guetzkow   Bruce Western     228
Putting the Pieces Together: Constructivist and Institutionalist Perspectives     243
Poverty, Policy, and the Social Construction of Target Groups   Helen Ingram     245
Policy, Politics, and the Rise of Inequality   Paul Pierson     254
Index     267

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