Remarkable Physicists: From Galileo to Yukawa

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Overview

The 250 years from the second half of the 17th century saw the birth of modern physics and its growth into one of the most successful of the sciences. The reader will find here the lives of 55 of the most remarkable physicists from that era described in brief biographies. All the characters profiled have made important contributions to physics, either through their ideas, through their teaching or in other ways. The emphasis is on their varied life-stories, not on the details of their achievements, but when read in sequence the biographies, which are organised chronologically, convey in human terms something of the way in which physics was created. Scientific and mathematical detail is kept to a minimum, so the reader who is interested in physics, but perhaps lacks the background to follow technical accounts, will find this collection an inviting and easy path through the subject's modern development.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Remarkable Physicists offers 50 biographies by mathematician Ioan James. A useful reference..." New Scientist
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521816878
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 1/26/2004
  • Pages: 406
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 1.02 (d)

Meet the Author

Ioan James is the former Savilian Professor of Geometry at the University of Oxford. He won both the Junior Berwick and Whitehead Prizes of the London Mathematical Society.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Prologue
1 From Galileo to Daniel Bernoulli 1
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) 1
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) 8
Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) 16
Isaac Newton (1642-1726) 21
Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782) 31
2 From Franklin to Laplace 36
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) 36
Roger Joseph Boscovich (1711-1787) 47
Henry Cavendish (1731-1810) 56
Charles Augustin Coulomb (1736-1806) 60
Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749-1827) 65
3 From Rumford to Oersted 74
Sir Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford) (1753-1814) 74
Jean-Baptiste Fourier (1768-1830) 85
Thomas Young (1773-1829) 90
Andre-Marie Ampere (1775-1836) 97
Hans Christian Oersted (1777-1851) 102
4 From Ohm to Helmholtz 107
Georg Ohm (1789-1854) 107
Michael Faraday (1791-1867) 112
George Green (1793-1841) 119
Joseph Henry (1797-1878) 125
Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) 132
5 From Kelvin to Boltzmann
William Thomson (Lord Kelvin of Largs) (1824-1907) 141
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) 150
J. Willard Gibbs (1839-1903) 157
John William Strutt (Lord Rayleigh) (1842-1919) 163
Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906) 168
6 From Rontgen to Marie Curie 177
Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen (1845-1923) 177
Joseph John Thomson (1856-1940) 183
Max Planck (1858-1947) 192
William Henry Bragg (1862-1942) 199
Marie Curie (1867-1934) 208
7 From Millikan to Einstein 221
Robert Millikan (1868-1953) 221
Ernest Rutherford (Lord Rutherford) (1871-1937) 227
Lise Meitner (1878-1968) 234
Otto Hahn (1879-1968) 242
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) 247
8 From Ehrenfest to Schrodinger 259
Paul Ehrenfest (1880-1933) 259
Max Born (1882-1970) 266
Niels Bohr (1885-1962) 273
Frederick Lindemann (Lord Cherwell) (1886-1957) 284
Erwin Schrodinger (1887-1961) 295
9 From de Broglie to Fermi 307
Louis de Broglie (1892-1987) 307
Satyendranath Bose (1894-1974) 313
Piotr Leonidovich Kapitza (1894-1984) 320
Jean-Frederic Joliot (1900-1958) 327
Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) 335
10 From Heisenberg to Yukawa 343
Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976) 343
Paul Dirac (1902-1984) 353
J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967) 359
Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1906-1972) 364
Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981) 369
Epilogue 375
Further Reading 379
Collections 385
Acknowledgements 387
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