Reminiscences of the Vienna Circle and the Mathematical Colloquium / Edition 1

Reminiscences of the Vienna Circle and the Mathematical Colloquium / Edition 1

by L. Golland, Karl Menger
     
 

ISBN-10: 079232711X

ISBN-13: 9780792327110

Pub. Date: 06/24/1994

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

Karl Menger (1902-1985), a pure mathematician of distinction, also took an active interest in both philosophy and economics. In this memoir, which he was composing at the time of his death, he relates how all these subjects developed and flourished against the Viennese background (itself described in depth and with affection), and did so despite the political…  See more details below

Overview

Karl Menger (1902-1985), a pure mathematician of distinction, also took an active interest in both philosophy and economics. In this memoir, which he was composing at the time of his death, he relates how all these subjects developed and flourished against the Viennese background (itself described in depth and with affection), and did so despite the political developments of the 20's and 30's, which depressed but did not silence him. He himself continued his work in the United States. The memoirs describe his membership of the Vienna Circle (the scientifically minded philosophers that gathered round Moritz Schlick) for whom he was an invaluable intermediary, bringing them into contact with Brouwer's intuitionism, with the work of the Polish logicians, especially that of Tarski, but more generally with rigorous mathematical thinking. Indeed the other Viennese group described here is the Mathematical Colloquium, founded by himself, whose Proceedings (still read) show it to have been a power-house of ideas. There are also valuable chapters on philosophy and mathematics in the Poland of the 20's and 30's and the U.S. of the 30's and 40's. The memoirs devote particular attention to Wittgenstein (with whose family Menger was independently acquainted) and to Godel, whom he was instrumental in bringing to America. The genesis of Menger's own writings on philosophy is also described and the work abounds in mathematical examples lucidly applied to that subject. This volume (which can now be put alongside the two by Menger already published in the Vienna Circle Collection) gives an unequalled impression of the fruitful interdisciplinarity of the tradition to which he partly belonged and partly created. It testifies both to Menger's power to inspire and to the critical eye he always turned on even the philosophers he most approved of. A brief account of his life is given in an introduction by the Editors (all of whom knew him personally) and his important contribution to t

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780792327110
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
06/24/1994
Series:
Vienna Circle Collection Series, #20
Edition description:
1994
Pages:
244
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.24(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
Karl Menger's Contribution to the Social Sciences - A Note by Lionello Punzo
Editor's Note on the Text
IThe Historical Background1
IIThe Cultural Background8
IIIThe Philosophical Atmosphere in Vienna18
IVWhy the Circle invited me. The Theory of Curves and Dimension Theory38
VVignettes of the Members of the Circle in 192754
VIReminiscences of the Wittgenstein Family74
VIILudwig Wittgenstein's Austrian Dictionary83
VIIIWittgenstein's Tractatus and the Early Circle89
IXOn the Communication of Metaphysical Ideas. Wittgenstein's Ontology104
XWittgenstein, Brower, and the Circle129
XIDiscussions in the Circle 1927-30140
XIIPoland and the Vienna Circle143
XIIIThe United States 1930-31158
XIVDiscussions in the Circle 1931-34174
XVThe Circle on Ethics178
XVIMoritz Schlick's Final Years194
Memories of Kurt Godel200
Index of Names237

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