Renewable Energy: Sources and Methods

Renewable Energy: Sources and Methods

by Anne Maczulak
     
 

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this

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Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present all sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and innovations that will contribute to the field in the future.

Renewable Energy: Sources and Methods examines the current technologies in renewable energy, a critical subject given that the world increases its energy consumption between 1 and 3 percent each year. Considering the current rate of energy consumption and the consequences of continuing at this rate, the book explains how the main conventional sources of energy-including coal, oil, and gas-affect economies worldwide. The book also focuses on the remarkable diversity of ideas and innovations in the field of alternative energy. Sidebars, figures, and case studies enhance fundamental concepts and examine urgent issues related to the future of the environment.

The volume includes information on

alternative vehicles

biomass

the biorefining industry

"clean" energy

converting solid waste to energy

Earth's energy sources

green building design and construction

recycling

water conservation

worldwide energy programs

The book contains more than 40 color photographs and line illustrations, five appendixes, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. Green Technology isessential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek information on the important issues that affect the environment worldwide.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780816072033
Publisher:
Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/01/2010
Series:
Green Technology Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range:
14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Earth's Energy Sources 1

The World's Appetite for Energy 2

Case Study: Western Energy Crisis, 2000-2001 6

Renewable or Nonrenewable 8

Oil 10

Sun's Energy Stored in the Earth 14

Carbon Economics 16

Our Renewable Energy Resources 20

Smart Energy Grids 22

Social Aspects of Alternative Energy 24

Energy Programs in the Global Community 26

The U.S. House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment 28

Conclusion 28

2 Recycling 31

The Grassroots History of Recycling 33

How Recycling Saves Energy 35

Industrial Raw Materials from Waste 39

Recycled Materials Chemistry 41

High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) 42

Minerals and Metals 44

Case Study: Recycling during World War II 46

Rubber Recycling 48

Conclusion 49

3 Gasoline Alternative Vehicles 51

Evolution of Alternative Vehicles 53

Biofuels 57

Case Study: Toyota's Prius 58

Synthetic Fuels 62

Battery Power 64

Combustion 65

Fuel Cell Technology 66

Nuclear Fission and Fusion 69

Natural Gas Fuels 70

Next Generation Hybrids 72

Conclusion 74

4 Biorefineries 75

Today's Refinery Industry 77

Pipelines 80

The U.S. Department of Energy 81

Case Study: Alaska's Oil Economy 84

Biorefining Steps 86

Developing the Biorefining Industry 89

Conclusion 91

5 Innovations in Clean Energy 93

Alternative Energy Emerging 94

Wind, Wave, and Tidal Power 97

Solar Power 101

Solar Films 108

Hydropower and Geothermal Energy 109

Nuclear Energy 113

Direct Carbon Conversion 117

Fuel Cells 120

Conclusion 124

6 Green Building Design 125

Building Green Comes of Age 127

Controlling Energy and Heat Flows129

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) 131

Cooling and Ventilation 138

Insulation 140

Daylighting 142

Windows Technology 144

Water Conservation 146

Case Study: Four Horizons House, Australia 147

Managing Waste Streams 150

Off the Energy Grid 151

Conclusion 154

7 Energy from Solid Biomass 156

The Earth's Biomass 158

Types of Biomass 160

The Phosphate Bond 163

Conversion to Energy and Fuels 164

The Energy Value of Garbage 166

A Biomass Economy 167

Case Study: The Chicago Climate Exchange 169

Conclusion 171

8 Future Needs 172

Appendixes 174

Glossary 184

Further Resources 190

Index 199

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