A Repair Kit for Grading: Fifteen Fixes for Broken Grades / Edition 2

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $31.60
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 20%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (20) from $31.60   
  • New (13) from $32.15   
  • Used (7) from $31.60   


Communicating about student achievement requires accurate, consistent and meaningful grades.

Educators interested in examining and improving grading practices should ask the following questions:

• Am I confident that students in my classroom receive consistent, accurate and meaningful grades that support learning?

• Am I confident that the grades I assign students accurately reflect my school or district’s published performance standards and desired learning outcomes?

In many schools, the answers to these questions often range from "not very" to "not at all." When that’s the case, grades are "broken" and teachers and schools need a "repair kit" to fix them. A Repair Kit for Grading: 15 Fixes for Broken Grades, 2/e gives teachers and administrators 15 ways to make the necessary repairs.

Additional Resources from ATI

Visit http://ati.pearson.com to read more articles on assessment, download study guides, and more!

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780132488631
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 12/3/2010
  • Series: Assessment Training Institute, Inc. Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 176
  • Sales rank: 93,970
  • Product dimensions: 8.76 (w) x 6.06 (h) x 0.38 (d)

Meet the Author

Ken O’Connor is a former Curriculum Coordinator with the Scarborough Board of Education in Ontario, Canada. He is an expert on grading and reporting with a particular emphasis on using these techniques to improve student achievement through student involvement. With over twenty years of teaching experience in secondary schools in Australia and Ontario, he has presented hundreds of workshops for teachers at every grade level, and is the author of the very successful How to Grade for Learning.
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Chapter 1 Setting the Stage 1

Key Definitions 6

Purpose(s) for Grades 6

Underpinning Issues 7

Fairness 7

Motivation 8

Objectivity and Professional Judgment 11

Student Involvement 12

The 15 Fixes 12

Chapter 2 Fixes for Practices That Distort Achievement 15

Fix 1 Don't include student behaviors (effort, participation, adherence to class rules, etc.) in grades; include only achievement 16

Student Involvement 20

Summary 22

Teacher Vignette 22

Policy Example 23

Fix 2 Don't reduce marks on "work" submitted late; provide support for the learner 24

Student Involvement 27

Summary 27

Teacher Vignette 28

Policy Example 30

Fix 3 Don't give points for extra credit or use bonus points; seek only evidence that more work has resulted in a higher level of achievement 32

Student Involvement 35

Summary 35

Teacher Vignette 36

Policy Examples 36

Fix 4 Don't punish academic dishonesty with reduced grades; apply other consequences and reassess to determine actual level of achievement 38

Student Involvement 43

Summary 43

Teacher Vignette 44

Policy Example 45

Fix 5 Don't consider attendance in grade determination; report absences separately 47

Summary 49

Teacher Vignettes 49

Policy Example 51

Fix 6 Don't include group scores in grades; use only individual achievement evidence 52

Summary 54

Teacher Vignette 55

Policy Example 56

Chapter 3 Fixes for Low-Quality or Poorly Organized Evidence 57

Fix 7 Don't organize information in grading records by assessment methods or simply summarize into a single grade; organize and report evidence by standards/learning goals 58

Summary 64

Teacher Vignettes 65

Policy Example 66

Fix 8 Don't assign grades using inappropriate or unclear performance standards; provide clear descriptions of achievement expectations 67

Student Involvement 75

Summary 75

Teacher Vignette 76

Policy Example 77

Fix 9 Don't assign grades based on a student's achievement compared to other students; compare each student's performance to preset standards 79

Summary 80

Teacher Vignette 81

Policy Example 81

Fix 10 Don't rely on evidence gathered using assessments that fail to meet standards of quality; rely only on quality assessments 82

Summary 85

Teacher Vignette 86

Policy Example 88

Chapter 4 Fixes for Inappropriate Grade Calculation 89

Fix 11 Don't rely only on the mean; consider other measures of central tendency and use professional judgment 90

Summary 93

Teacher Vignette 93

Policy Example 94

Fix 12 Don't include zeros in grade determination when evidence is missing or as punishment, use alternatives, such as reassessing to determine real achievement, or use "I" for Incomplete or Insufficient Evidence 95

Student Involvement 100

Summary 101

Teacher Vignette 102

Policy Example 103

Chapter 5 Fixes to Support Learning 105

Fix 13 Don't use information from formative assessments and practice to determine grades; use only summative evidence 106

Student Involvement 114

Summary 115

Teacher Vignette 115

Policy Examples 117

Fix 14 Don't summarize evidence accumulated over time when learning is developmental and will grow with time and repeated opportunities; in those instances, emphasize more recent achievement 120

Summary 122

Teacher Vignette 124

Policy Example 125

Fix 15 Don't leave students out of the grading process. Involve students; they can-and should-play key roles in assessment and grading that promote achievement 126

Summary 129

Teacher Vignette 130

Policy Example 131

Chapter 6 Summary 135

Discussion Guide 139

Appendix A Rubric for Evaluating Grading Practices 151

Appendix B Survey on Marking and Grading Practices 154

Instructions 154

Definitions 154

References 156

Index 159

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 5
( 2 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Posted November 27, 2010

    Be Prepared to be Challenged

    Do not buy this book if you do not wish to be challenged in your practice. This is a must have for any teacher or administrator interested in taking your grading practices to the next level. This book is a launching point toward a better system; be prepared to study Reeves, Guskey, and Marzano after you have read this book.

    The Math Prophet

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 5, 2012

    No text was provided for this review.

Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews

If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
Why is this product inappropriate?
Comments (optional)