Representation and Processing of Spatial Expressions

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Overview

Coping with spatial expressions in a plausible manner is a crucial problem in a number of research fields, specifically cognitive science, artificial intelligence, psychology, and linguistics. This volume contains a set of theoretical analyses as well as accounts of applications which deal with the problems of representing and processing spatial expressions. These include dialogue understanding using mental images; interfaces to CAD and multi-media systems, such as natural language querying of photographic databases; speech-driven design and assembly; machine translation systems; spatial queries for Geographic Information Systems; and systems which generate spatial descriptions on the basis of maps, cognitive maps, or other spatial representations, such as intelligent vehicle navigation systems.

Though there have been many different approaches to the representation and processing of spatial expressions, most existing computational characterizations have so far been restricted to particularly narrow problem domains, usually specific spatial contexts determined by overall system goals. To date, artificial intelligence research in this field has rarely taken advantage of language and spatial cognition studies carried out by the cognitive science community. One of the fundamental aims of this book is to bring together research from both disciplines in the belief that artificial intelligence has much to gain from an appreciation of cognitive theories.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780805822854
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 1/28/1998
  • Pages: 296
  • Lexile: 1360L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1 Neat Versus Scruffy: A Review of Computational Models for Spatial Expressions 1
2 On Seeing Spatial Expressions 37
3 Time-Dependent Generation of Minimal Sets of Spatial Descriptions 57
4 A Computational Model for the Interpretation of Static Locative Expressions 73
5 Generating Dynamic Scene Descriptions 91
6 A Three-Dimensional Spatial Model for the Interpretation of Image Data 103
7 Shapes From Natural Language in VerbalImage 119
8 Lexical Allocation in Interlingua-Based Machine Translation of Spatial Expressions 133
9 Schematization 149
10 Toward the Simulation of Spatial Mental Images Using the Voronoi Model 163
11 Generating "Mental Maps" From Route Descriptions 185
12 Integration of Visuospatial and Linguistic Information: Language Comprehension in Real Time and Real Space 201
13 Human Spatial Concepts Reflect Regularities of the Physical World and Human Body 215
14 How Addressees Affect Spatial Perspective Choice in Dialogue 231
15 Spatial Prepositions, Functional Relations, and Lexical Specification 247
16 The Representation of Space and Spatial Language: Challenges for Cognitive Science 263
Author Index 273
Subject Index 279
Contributors 285
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