Reprint of Papers on Electrostatics and Magnetism

Overview

William Thomson, Baron Kelvin (1824–1907), born with a great talent for mathematics and physics, was educated at Glasgow and Cambridge. While only in his twenties, he was appointed to the University of Glasgow's Chair in Natural Philosophy, which he was to hold for over fifty years. He is best known for lending his name to the Kelvin unit of measurement for temperature, after his development of an absolute scale of temperature. This book is a corrected 1884 edition of Kelvin's 1872 collection of papers on ...

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Overview

William Thomson, Baron Kelvin (1824–1907), born with a great talent for mathematics and physics, was educated at Glasgow and Cambridge. While only in his twenties, he was appointed to the University of Glasgow's Chair in Natural Philosophy, which he was to hold for over fifty years. He is best known for lending his name to the Kelvin unit of measurement for temperature, after his development of an absolute scale of temperature. This book is a corrected 1884 edition of Kelvin's 1872 collection of papers on electrostatics and magnetism. It includes all his work on these subjects previously published as articles in journals including the Cambridge Mathematical Journal and the Transactions of the Royal Society. Kelvin also wrote several new items to fill gaps in this collection, so that its coverage of the state of electromagnetic research in the late nineteenth century is comprehensive.

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Table of Contents

Preface; 1. On the uniform motion of heat in homogeneous solid bodies, and its connexion with the mathematical theory of electricity; 2. On the mathematical theory of electricity in equilibrium I; 3. On the electrostatical capacity of a Leyden phial and of a telegraph wire insulated in the axis of a cylindrical conducting sheath; 4. On the mathematical theory of electricity in equilibrium II; 5. On the mathematical theory of electricity in equilibrium III; 6. On the mutual attraction or repulsion between two electrified spherical conductors; 7. On the attractions of conducting and non-conducting electrified bodies; 8. Demonstration of a fundamental proposition in the mechanical theory of electricity; 9. Note on induced magnetism in a plate; 10. Sur une propriété de la couche électrique en équilibre à la surface d'un corps conducteur; 11. On certain definite integrals suggested by problems in the theory of electricity; 12. Propositions in the theory of attraction; 13. Theorems with reference to the solution of certain partial differential equations; 14. Electrical images; 15. Determination of the distribution of electricity on a circular segment of plane or spherical conducting surface, under any given influence; 16. Atmospheric electricity; 17. Sound produced by the discharge of a condenser; 18. Measurement of the electrostatic force produced by a Daniell's battery; 19. Measurement of the electromotive force required to produce a spark in air between parallel metal plates at different distances; 20. Report on electrometers and electrostatic measurements; 21. Atmospheric electricity; 22. New proof of contact electricity; 23. Electrophoric apparatus and illustrations of voltaic theory; 24. A mathematical theory of magnetism: i. Preliminary definitions and explanations; ii. On the laws of magnetic force, and on the distribution of magnetism in magnetized matter; iii. On the imaginary magnetic matter by means of which the polarity of a magnetized body may be represented; iv. Determination of the mutual actions between any given portions of magnetized matter; v. On solenoidal and lamellar distributions of magnetism; vi. On electromagnets; 25. On the potential of a closed galvanic circuit of any form; 26. On the mechanical values of distributions of matter and of magnets; 27. Hydrokinetic analogy; 28. Inverse problems; 29. On the electric currents by which the phenomena of terrestrial magnetism may be produced; 30. On the theory of magnetic induction in crystalline and non-crystalline substances; 31. Magnetic permeability and analogues in electrostatic induction, conduction of heat and fluid motion; 32. Diagrams of lines of force, to illustrate magnetic permeability; 33. On the forces experienced by small spheres under magnetic influence, and on some of the phenomena presented by diamagnetic substances; 34. Remarks on the forces experienced by inductively magnetized ferromagnetic or diamagnetic non-crystalline substances; 35. Abstract of two communications; 36. Remarques sur les oscillations d'aiguilles non cristallisées de faible pouvoir inductif paramangétique ou diamagnétique, et sur d'autres phénomênes magnétiques produits par des corps cristallisés ou non cristallisés; 37. Elementary demonstration of propositions in the theory of magnetic force; 38. Correspondence with Professor Tyndall; 39. Inductive susceptibility of a polar magnet; 40. General problem of magnetic induction; 41. Hydrokinetic analogy for the magnetic influence of an ideal extreme diamagnetic; 42. General hydrokinetic analogy for induced magnetism.

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