Reproducing Gender: Politics, Publics, and Everyday Life after Socialism

Overview

The striking fact that abortion was among the first issues raised, after 1989, by almost all of the newly formed governments of East Central Europe points to the significance of gender and reproduction in the postsocialist transformations. The fourteen studies in this volume result from a comparative, collaborative research project on the complex relationship between ideas and practices of gender, and political economic change. The book presents detailed evidence about women's and men's new circumstances in eight...

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Overview

The striking fact that abortion was among the first issues raised, after 1989, by almost all of the newly formed governments of East Central Europe points to the significance of gender and reproduction in the postsocialist transformations. The fourteen studies in this volume result from a comparative, collaborative research project on the complex relationship between ideas and practices of gender, and political economic change. The book presents detailed evidence about women's and men's new circumstances in eight of the former communist countries, exploring the intersection of politics and the life cycle, the differential effects of economic restructuring, and women's public and political participation. Individual contributions on the former German Democratic Republic, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria provide rich empirical data and interpretive insights on postsocialist transformation analyzed from a gendered perspective. Drawing on multiple methods and disciplines, these original papers advance scholarship in several fields, including anthropology, sociology, women's studies, law, comparative political science, and regional studies. The analyses make clear that practices of gender, and ideas about the differences between men and women, have been crucial in shaping the broad social changes that have followed the collapse of communism.

In addition to the editors, the contributors are Eleonora Zieliãska, Eva Maleck-Lewy, Myra Marx Ferree, Sharon Wolchik, Irene Dölling, Daphne Hahn, Sylka Scholz, Mira Marody, Anna Giza-Poleszczuk, Katalin Kovács, Mónika Váradi, Julia Szalai, Adriana Baban, MaÏgorzata Fuszara, Laura Grunberg, Zorica Mrseviâ, Krassimira Daskalova, Joanna Goven, and Jasmina Lukiâ.

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Editorial Reviews

Foreign Affairs
. . . unusually sophisticated and subtle.
Journal of Social History
The particular strength of the volume is that it includes many essays by scholars who are living what they analyze; eastern Europe is not viewed from within universities across the Atlantic, rather it is assessed by a number of scholars who are working in the countries they describe.
— Robert G. Moeller
Journal of Social History - Robert G. Moeller
The particular strength of the volume is that it includes many essays by scholars who are living what they analyze; eastern Europe is not viewed from within universities across the Atlantic, rather it is assessed by a number of scholars who are working in the countries they describe.
From the Publisher

". . . unusually sophisticated and subtle."--Foreign Affairs

"The particular strength of the volume is that it includes many essays by scholars who are living what they analyze; eastern Europe is not viewed from within universities across the Atlantic, rather it is assessed by a number of scholars who are working in the countries they describe."--Robert G. Moeller, Journal of Social History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780691048680
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 5/8/2000
  • Pages: 448
  • Product dimensions: 6.18 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.18 (d)

Table of Contents


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ix
INTRODUCTION Susan Gal and Gail Kligman 3
PART ONE: REPRODUCTION AS POLITICS 21
CHAPTER 1 Between Ideology, Politics, and Common Sense: The Discourse of Reproductive Rights in Poland - Eleonora Zielinska 23
CHAPTER 2 Reproductive Policies in the Czech and Slovak Republics - Sharon L. Wolchik 58
CHAPTER 3 Talking about Women and Wombs: The Discourse of Abortion and Reproductive Rights in the G.D.R. during and after the Wende - Eva Maleck-Lewy and Myra Marx Ferree 92
CHAPTER 4 Birth Strike in the New Federal States: Is Sterilization an Act of Resistance? - Irene Dolling, Daphne Hahn, and Sylka Scholz 118
PART TWO: GENDER RELATIONS IN EVERYDAY LIFE 149
CHAPTER 5 Changing Images of Identity in Poland: From the Self-Sacrificing to the Self-Investing Woman? - Mira Marody andAnna Giza-Poleszczuk 151
CHAPTER 6 Women's Life Trajectories and Class Formation in Hungary - Katalin Kovacs and Monika Varadi 176
CHAPTER 7 From Informal Labor to Paid Occupations: Marketization from below in Hungarian Women's Work - Julia Szalai 200
CHAPTER 8 Women's Sexuality and Reproductive Behavior in Post-Ceausescu Romania: A Psychological Approach - Adriana Baban 225
PART THREE: ARENAS OF POLITICAL ACTION: STRUGGLES FOR REPRESENTATION 257
CHAPTER 9 New Gender Relations in Poland in the 1990s - Malgorzata Fuszara 259
CHAPTER 10 New Parliament, Old Discourse? The Parental Leave Debate in Hungary - Joanna Goven 286
CHAPTER 11 Women's NGOs in Romania - Laura Grunberg 307
CHAPTER 12 Women's Problems, Women's Discourses in Bulgaria - Krassimira Daskalova 370
CHAPTER 13 Belgrade's SOS Hotline for Women and Children Victims of Violence: A Report - Zorica Mrsevic 370
CHAPTER 14 Media Representations of Men and Women in Times of War and Crisis: The Case of Serbia - Jasmina Lukic 393
CONCLUSION Susan Gal and Gail Kligman 424
CONTRIBUTORS 427
INDEX 429
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