The Republic / Edition 1

The Republic / Edition 1

4.3 13
by Plato, F. M. Cornford
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0195003640

ISBN-13: 9780195003642

Pub. Date: 12/31/1951

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Without doubt the greatest and most provocative work of political philosophy ever produced in the West, The Republic is here presented in the stately and melodious Jowett translation-a perfect mirror of the beauty of Plato's style.

Beginning as an inquiry into justice as it operates in individuals, The Republic soon becomes an inquiry into the

Overview

Without doubt the greatest and most provocative work of political philosophy ever produced in the West, The Republic is here presented in the stately and melodious Jowett translation-a perfect mirror of the beauty of Plato's style.

Beginning as an inquiry into justice as it operates in individuals, The Republic soon becomes an inquiry into the problems of constructing the perfect state. Are the masses really qualified to choose virtuous leaders? Should the rulers of a state receive a special education to prepare them to exercise power virtuously? What should such an education consist of? Should artists who do not use their gifts in a morally responsible way still be allowed a place in society? The Republic's answers to these and related questions make up a utopian (or, perhaps, dystopian) program that challenges many of the modern world's most dearly held assumptions-and leads us to reexamine and better understand those assumptions.

Author Biography:
Plato (c. 427-347 B.C.) was born into a wealthy and prominent family, and grew up during the conflict between Athens and the Peloponnesian states. The execution of his mentor, Socrates, in 399 B.C. on charges of irreligion and corrupting the young, necessitated Plato's leaving Athens. He traveled to Egypt as well as to southern Italy, where he became conversant with Pythagorean philosophy. Plato returned to Athens c. 387 B.C. and founded the Academy, an early forerunner of the modern university. Aristotle was among his students.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195003642
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
12/31/1951
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Sales rank:
202,504
Product dimensions:
8.00(w) x 5.38(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Preface and background to the Republic xiii

Introduction xxiii

Principal Dates xlvii

Current Opinions of Justice Refuted (Book 1) 1

Introductory Dialogue (Socrates and Cephalus, 328c-331d) 2

First Definition (Cephalus, 331a-d) 5

Refutation (332c-335d) 6

Third Definition (Thrasymachus, 338c-343a) 13

Refutation (339b-e) 14

Redefinition of Ruler (340d-341a) 15

Refutation (341c-343a) 16

New Argument (343a-348a) 18

Refutations of (a): i) 345b-348a) 20

Refutation of (b), 352d-354a 28

Conclusion (354a-c) 30

Justice Reexamined, in the State and in the Individual (Books 2-4) 31

Adeimantus (362d-367e) 35

The Problem Examined and Solved (368c-445e) 40

Second State of the State (372d-427c) 44

Elementary Education of the guardians (376c-415d) 48

Gymnastics (physical education), 403c-412b 73

Instilling and testing patriotism and leadership, 412c-415d 81

Living arrangements of guardians and auxiliaries (415d-427c) 85

Conclusion (427c-434d) 94

Wisdom = the knowledge of the guardians (428a-429a) 95

Courage = the auxiliaries’ opinion of “what is and is not to be feared” (429a-30c) 96

Temperance = agreement of all three classes about who should rule and be ruled (430d-432b) 97

Justice = each of the three classes “tending its own business” and not preempting the work of another (432b-434d) 99

Composition of the Soul (434d-441c) 101

Conclusion (441d-444e) 109

Degeneration Regimes and Souls, Interrupted (445b-449a) 113

Digression: The Best Regime and Men (Books 5-7) 114

Organization of the Best Regime (451c-461e) 116

Women and children will not be private possessions but common to all of the men. Marriage arrangements, eugenics (457c-461e) 122

The Superiority and Possibility of Such a City (462a-473e) 126

Excursus: regulations for warfare (466e-471c) 131

Such a city is not impossible (471e-473c) 136

Reminder that the best state is only a model, not completely realizable in practice (472b-473b). It is possible only if philosophers become kings or kings philosophers (473c-3), 138

The Best Men: Philosopher Kings (Guardians), Book 5, 474b-Book 7 139

The Philosophic Nature (485a-503e) 147

Higher Education of the Guardians (504a-535a) 165

The Simple of the Sun (506e-509b) 168

The Simile of the Divided Line (509d-511e) 171

The Simile of the Cave (514a-521b) 174

Curriculum (521c-535a) 181

Plane geometry, 526c-527c 186

Harmonics, 530d-531c 190

Selection of the Guardians (535a-540c) 195

Brief Excursus (540d-541b) 200

Degenerate Regimes and Souls, Resumed From Book 5 (Books 8 and 9) 201

Cause of Change or Decline in a State: Civil War (545c-547c) 203

Degenerate Regimes and Men, Described and Compared (547c-592b) 205

Oilgarchy (rule of the wealthy few) and the oligarchic man (550c-555b) 208

Democracy (rule of the people) and the democratic man (555b-562a) 213

Tyranny (dictatorship) and the tyrannical man (562a-580a) 220

The five types are judged for their goodness and happiness and ranked in the order in which they were presented: Aristocracy and the aristocratic man are the best and happiness; tyranny and the tyrant are the worst and most miserable (580a-588a) 237

Conclusion: The aristocrat is just, the tyrant unjust. Therefore justice makes a man happy, injustice makes him unhappy (588b-592b) 247

Denunciation of Imitative Poetry (Book 10, 595a-608b) 251

Imitative poetry appeals to the emotions rather than to the mind (602c-605c) 259

Imitative poetry deforms character (605c-608b) 263

Immortality and the Rewards of Justice (608b-End) 265

Rewards of Justice and Punishments of Injustice in This Life (612b-614a) 269

Rewards and Punishments After Death (614a-621d) 271

Appendix: The Spindle of Necessity 279

Bibliography 283

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Republic 4.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 13 reviews.
DustinFarris More than 1 year ago
I read this book thinking I needed to brush up on my philosophical and political history. What ended up taking place was a mind sweeping revelation that penetrated my soul. I am 26 years old and at a point in life where I seem to have many regrets, and am not certain about who I am, or where I'm going. This book penetrates the very heart of these issues and, if you allow it, can open your mind to real purpose. Oh, it has some nice government pointers too. :-) Other notes: This translation is wonderful, very easy to follow syntactically. Interesting footnotes are not overly abrasive. Just read it. There's a message in this book for everyone.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
It keeps locking me out from all the results
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Welcome to the &real epublic! I'm Connor, one of the camp co-leaders. The other leaders are Skylar, Nathan, Wayne and Jack. These are the rules for the camp: <p> 1) Make a bio!: Do this at the res named "The Republic Of Pirates". It moves, so I can't just give you a number. Include: Your name, age, godly parent, gender, looks, powers and weapons. No saying "Secret" or else you can't play War Games. <br> 2) No GodModding!: Everyone hates this. GodModding is when you unfairly do things like use weapons/powers that aren't in your bio, dodge/avoid every attack in a fight, kill in one post, have multiple godly parents, use powers that don't match your gp, or use powers too much without resting. Doing these things will result in being placed on the ban list at res three. <br> 3) No drama!: T.T ugh. Drama is a scourge to the camps. Some drama is nescessary and that is realized. Just don't take it to an extreme. <br> 4) Finally, have fun!: RP is one huge game. Don't be that guy who takes everything too seriously. <p> Any questions? Ask one of the above mentioned leaders! Thank you!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
&anaconda
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Lol bruh! @#fierce
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Guest More than 1 year ago
Every American University student should not be able to graduate until having read this book...twice. An excellent guide to living a just life.
Guest More than 1 year ago
In this book, Plato documents a discussion in which several philosophers create and describe their idea of the perfect society. Socrates contributes a lot of the information and makes most of the major points. I didnt agree with all of their ideas or conclusions, but much of what was presented was very thought provoking. I consider the highlight of this book to be the 'simile of the Cave.' I found this to be the most thought provokine part of the book and the part containing the most depth. This simile is the reason I gave this book a 4 star rating. This book is strictly philisophical discussion and analysis. I decided to read this book for the wisdom which was bound to be between the covers. I found a lot which I could relate to my every day life and many things which would be good topics for group discussion. I recomend this book to those who want to think. Negatives of this book include: Has no plot; only discussion. Parts are uninteresting. Some of the reason is difficults to understand. As always, remember that this is only my opinion and you may not feel as I do about this book.